Orion International

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"Orion III" redirects here. For the spaceplane from 2001: A Space Odyssey, see Orion III spaceplane.
Orion International
Former type Subsidiary
Industry Bus building
Fate Voluntary closure/market exit
Founded 1975
Defunct 2013
Headquarters 350 Hazelhurst Road, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada L5J 4T8
Area served Canada, United States
Key people Rich Ferguson (CEO)
Products Transit buses
Owner(s) Daimler AG (2000-2013)
New Flyer Industries (2013-present)
Employees 1,400 (US and Canada)
Parent New Flyer Industries
Website www.orionbus.com

Orion International, previously Orion Bus Industries and Ontario Bus Industries in Canada and Bus Industries of America in the United States, was a bus manufacturer based in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada and established by the Government of Ontario in 1975. The company had assembly plants in Mississauga for initial assembly, and in Oriskany, New York, for final assembly and testing of vehicles destined for US markets.[citation needed]

Corporate history[edit]

Privatized in 1993, Orion was acquired by Daimler Chrysler (now Daimler AG) in July 2000, and became part of the group Daimler Buses North America.[1]

On April 25, 2012, Orion International ceased taking orders for new buses, and the Missisauga plant was scheduled to close once outstanding orders were fulfilled.[2]

The Oriskany plant was initially retained for aftermarket support only.[3] Following the sale of that business to New Flyer Industries (which also acquired some of Orion's outstanding orders at the time of shutdown), the fate of the New York location remains unclear although it is still currently[when?] performing repairs, including a retrofit program with BAE Systems for recalled hybrid-electric buses using BAE's HybriDrive system.

The sales and closures are part of the closure of Daimler Buses North America; only Daimler's imported Setra buses will continue to be marketed although North American distribution will be taken over by Motor Coach Industries (MCI). Production of Daimler Buses North America's Sprinter shuttle buses will be moved to other facilities. It was announced there will be more than 530 workers will be laid off in the Mississauga and Oriskany plants which the Mississauga workers staged a wildcat work stoppage to protest in employee frustration at the slow pace of winding-down talks.[4][5]

Oriskany was the head office for part department to support Orion bus operators until New Flyer Industries acquired the after market business from Daimler Buses.

Order transfers[edit]

With the windup of Orion, orders for Orion buses were transferred to New Flyer Industries:

Product lineup[edit]

Orion manufactured a number of different models of buses over its 37-year existence. A list of models is given below; each increasing number is the next generation model.

Most buses today in service are of the Orion V or VII models.

Model Length & Width Picture Produced Fuel type
Orion I 31 ft (9.45 m) • 96 in (2.44 m),
35 ft (10.67 m) • 96 in (2.44 m),
37 ft (11.28 m) • 96 in (2.44 m),
40 ft (12.19 m) • 96 in (2.44 m)
DASH Orion I.jpg
West Vancouver Blue Bus 922 clip.jpg
1977–1993
Orion II 21.92 ft (6.68 m) • 96 in (2.44 m),
25.92 ft (7.90 m) • 96 in (2.44 m)[citation needed]
EMTA Orion II 0082.jpg
WMATA Orion II.jpg
1983–2003[citation needed]
Orion III
Orion-Ikarus 286
(bodies and chassis made by Ikarus to
form the Ikarus 286 model, marketed
as the Orion-Ikarus)
[6]
60 ft (18.29 m) • 102 in (2.59 m) Crown Ikarus 286, base model used for Orion III 1986–1989
Orion IV
  • Tractor: 37.5 ft (11.43 m) • 98.75 in (2.51 m)
  • Trailer: 35.5 ft (10.82 m) • 98.75 in (2.51 m)
NPC Peoplemover.jpg 1985-1986, 1988–1989
Orion V 32 ft (9.75 m) • 96 in (2.44 m),
35 ft (10.67 m) • 96 in (2.44 m),
35 ft (10.67 m) • 102 in (2.59 m),
40 ft (12.19 m) • 96 in (2.44 m),
40 ft (12.19 m) • 102 in (2.59 m)
MTA New York City Bus Orion V CNG 9831.jpg
Translink-R9250.jpg
1989–2009
Orion VI 40 ft (12.19 m) • 102 in (2.59 m) Los Angeles MTA 11033a.jpg
NYCT Orion VI 6359 Front.jpg
1995–2004
32.5 ft (9.91 m) • 102 in (2.59 m),
35 ft (10.67 m) • 102 in (2.59 m),
40.5 ft (12.34 m) • 102 in (2.59 m)
Decatur 023.jpg
SF Muni Orion VII.jpg
2001–2007 (original)
Orion VII MTA Long Island Bus Orion VII Next Generation (2010).jpg
TTC Orion VII NG.JPG
2007–2011 (Next Generation)
King County Metro Orion VII 7012.jpg 2010-2013 (EPA10)


See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Hybrid buses[edit]