Orissa Province

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Orissa Province
ଓଡ଼ିଶା
Province of British India

1936–1947

Flag of Orissa

Flag

Location of Orissa
Orissa in a 1907 map of British India before the creation of the province
History
 -  Bifurcation of Bihar and Orissa Province 1936
 -  Independence of India 1947
Area
 -  1901 35,664 km2 (13,770 sq mi)
Population
 -  1901 5,003,121 
Density 140.3 /km2  (363.3 /sq mi)

Orissa Province was a province of British India created in April 1936 by partition of the Bihar and Orissa Province. It is now the State of Odisha.

On 1 Apr 1912 Bihar and Orissa were separated from Bengal to form the Bihar and Orissa Province. On 1 Apr 1936, Bihar and Orissa Province was split to form Bihar Province and Orissa Province. Parts of the Ganjam District and the Vizagapatam District of Madras Presidency were transferred to Orissa Province along with portions of the Vizagapatam Hill Tracts Agency and Ganjam Hill Tracts Agency.[1]

History[edit]

On 14 Oct 1803, Orissa was occupied by the British Raj. Under the Raj, it was a division of the Bengal Presidency with its capital in Cuttack. It had an area of 35,664 km² and 5,003,121 inhabitants in 1901.[2] The province included the Orissa Tributary States. On 1 April 1912, the province of Bihar and Orissa was detached from Bengal, and the Orissa Tributary States were under the authority of the governor of Bihar and Orissa. In 1936, Orissa became a separate province with five districts.[3]

Governors[edit]

  • 1 Apr 1936 - 11 Aug 1938 Sir John Austen Hubback (1st time) (b. 1878 - d. 1968)
  • 11 Aug 1938 - 8 Dec 1938 George Townsend Boag (acting) (b. 1884 - d. 1969)
  • 8 Dec 1938 - 1 Apr 1941 Sir John Austen Hubback (2nd time) (s.a.)
  • 1 Apr 1941 - 1 Apr 1946 Sir William Hawthorne Lewis (b. 1888 - d. 1970)
  • 1 Apr 1946 - 15 Aug 1947 Sir Chandulal Madhavlal Trivedi (b. 1893 - d. 1981)

Chief ministers[edit]

  • 1 Apr 1937 - 19 Jul 1937 Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deo (b. 1892 - d. 1974) Non-party (1st time)
  • 19 Jul 1937 - 4 Nov 1939 Biswanath Das (b. 1889 - d. 1984) INC
  • 4 Nov 1939 - 24 Nov 1941 Governor's Rule
  • 24 Nov 1941 - 29 Jun 1944 Maharaja Krushna Chandra Gajapati Narayan Deo (s.a.) Non-party (2nd time)
  • 29 Jun 1944 - 23 Apr 1946 Governor's Rule
  • 23 Apr 1946 - 15 Aug 1947 Harekrushna Mahatab (b. 1899 - d. 1987) INC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Provinces of British India
  2. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ Joseph E. Schwartzberg, ed. A historical atlas of South Asia, New York/Oxford 1992, ISBN 0-19-506869-6

Coordinates: 20°18′N 85°18′E / 20.30°N 85.30°E / 20.30; 85.30