Orkney, North West

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This article is about the mining town in South Africa. For other places with the same name, see Orkney (disambiguation).
Orkney
Deteriorated sign at Orkney railway station
Deteriorated sign at Orkney railway station
Orkney is located in South Africa
Orkney
Orkney
 Orkney shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 26°58′44″S 26°40′09″E / 26.97889°S 26.66917°E / -26.97889; 26.66917Coordinates: 26°58′44″S 26°40′09″E / 26.97889°S 26.66917°E / -26.97889; 26.66917
Country South Africa
Province North West
District Dr Kenneth Kaunda
Municipality City of Matlosana
Established 1940
Area[1]
 • Total 16.43 km2 (6.34 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 13,435
 • Density 820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 46.8%
 • Coloured 1.5%
 • Indian/Asian 0.2%
 • White 51.0%
 • Other 0.4%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Afrikaans 51.3%
 • Sotho 14.8%
 • Tswana 10.4%
 • Xhosa 8.9%
 • Other 14.7%
Postal code (street) 2620
PO box 2619
Area code 018

Orkney is a gold mining town situated in the Klerksdorp district of the North West province, South Africa. It lies on the banks of the Vaal River approximately 180 km from Johannesburg near the N12 (national road from Johannesburg to Cape Town).

History[edit]

The town was named after Orkney Isles off the north coast of Scotland, the birthplace of Simon Fraser, one of the gold mining pioneers of the 1880s. The town was proclaimed in 1940 on the farm Witkoppen, where Fraser had first started gold mining.

The town was laid out by another Scot by the name of Maconachie (full name unknown). His naming of the streets was interesting: he used the names of poets and authors from the British Isles. This was unusual for a mining town in the heart of "Afrikanerdom". The rule was broken as Afrikaner nationalism grew dominant in the 1960s, and some of the UK literary names were replaced.

The town was near the epicentre of an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.5 on the Richter scale which struck on 5 August 2014, killing one person.[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

  • Ground Nut Factory
  • Vaal Reef Gold Mine

Sports[edit]

The Oppenheimer Stadium, a large football (soccer) stadium in Orkney, was increased in size for the 2010 Football World Cup, although it was not used in the World Cup. The Orkney Stadium Disaster, when 42 fans died at the stadium in 1991, was the second worst sporting disaster in South Africa.

In the media[edit]

Orkney enjoyed fame in the late 1980s and early 1990s as the setting for a popular Afrikaans television sitcom called Orkney Snork Nie. The word "snork" means "snore": so the joke in the title means "Orkney doesn't snore". Even further back the Afrikaans jab at the sleepy town was "Ook nie dorp nie; ook nie plaas nie". In this the pun is on the "ook nie" ('also not' or 'neither') sounding like "Orkney"; and the full meaning being "neither town nor farm".

The notion of "sleepy" is misleading. Some of the deepest and richest gold mines have been worked in the area for decades. But the social life for the youth was better in Klerksdorp.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Main Place Orkney". Census 2011. 
  2. ^ Raaff, Miranda (5 August 2014). "Quake measured 5.5: SA council". IOL. Archived from the original on 15 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014.