Orléans AOC

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Orléans
Wine region
Type AOC
Year established 2006[1]
Country France
Sub-regions Loiret
Climate region mediterranean
Soil conditions clay-silicate and gravel-silicate
Size of planted vineyards 88 ha
Grapes produced

Pinot noir, Pinot Meunier and Pinot gris for red and rosé wines.

Chardonnay and Pinot gris for white wines.
Official designation(s) AOC

Orléans is an Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) for wine in the Loire Valley wine region of France situated around the city of Orléans.

History[edit]

Contemporary History[edit]

This wine has held AOC status since September 2006. Prior to this date it held VDQS status, and the VDQS was renamed from Vins de l'Orléanais to Orléans in 2002. In the course of the 20th century, the Orléans wine-growing area went through a serious decline. Its accession to AOC status has come about now thanks to the unstinting efforts of its own producers over the last 20 years.

Geographical Location[edit]

The area lies in the Loiret department in the communes of Saint-Jean-de-la-Ruelle, Saint-Pryvé-Saint-Mesmin, Baule, Beaugency, Chécy, Cléry-Saint-André, Mardié, Mareau-aux-Prés, Meung-sur-Loire, Mézières-lez-Cléry, Olivet, Orléans, Saint-Ay, Saint-Hilaire-Saint-Mesmin and Saint-Jean-de-Braye.

Wine-growing areas of the Loire Valley

Geology[edit]

Siliceous clay and siliceous gravel soils.[2]

Climate[edit]

The climate is semi-oceanic with continental influences.

Orléans
Temperatures - Readings taken at Orléans-Bricy 1961-1990[3]'
Month: Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Year:
Average minimum temperatures (°C) 0.3 0.8 2.2 4.3 7.8 10.7 12.6 12.3 10.3 7.3 3.3 1.1 6.1
Average Temperatures (°C) 3.1. 4.2 6.6 9.3 12.9 16.2 18.5 18.2 15.8 11.7 6.6 3.8 10.6
Average Maximum Temperatures (°C) 5.9 7.6 10.9 14.3 18.1 21.6 24.4 24.0 21.2 16.2 9.9 6.5 15.1


Precipitation, relative humidity and sunshine - Readings taken at Orléans-Bircy 1961-1990[4]'
Month: Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Year:
Cumulative monthly precipitation (mm) 55.2 49.7 51.8 47.9 65.8 47.5 52.4 45.3 49.3 57.9 60.1 54.3 637.2
Relative Humidity (%) 89 85 79 74 76 74 72 72 77 84 89 90 80
Total sunshine (hours) 58.5 85.2 134.7 176.6 206.7 230.4 252.2 225 180.3 129.5 74.6 50.7 1804.5

Wine-growing area[edit]

Profile[edit]

The total surface area under cultivation is 88 hectares (220 acres).[1]

Grape varieties[edit]

Pinot noir and Pinot Meunier are the varieties used to make red wine. White wines are made from Chardonnay grapes, which must constitute at least 60% of the total grapes used and can be blended with Pinot gris. In reality, however, only Chardonnay tend to be used. Rosé wines are made from two Pinot varieties, Pinot Meunier and Pinot noir.

Types of wines and gastronomy[edit]

The wines are generally straightforward, honest and fruity. They are made to be drunk within a relatively short time, between 2 and 5 years after bottling.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1] Passion Vin : page on Orléans[dead link]
  2. ^ Solar Green Guide: Wines of France. (Page No. 193 of Orleans)
  3. ^ Statements Orleans Bricy 1961-1990 Consultation: February 2008
  4. ^ Statements Orleans Bricy 1961-1990. Accessed February 2008

Bibliography[edit]

  • Michel Mastrojanni: Les Vins de France (guide vert solar). Éditions Solar, Paris 1992 - 1994 - 1998.