Orland, California

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City of Orland
City
Location in Glenn County and the state of California
Location in Glenn County and the state of California
Coordinates: 39°44′51″N 122°11′47″W / 39.74750°N 122.19639°W / 39.74750; -122.19639Coordinates: 39°44′51″N 122°11′47″W / 39.74750°N 122.19639°W / 39.74750; -122.19639
Country  United States
State  California
County Glenn
Incorporated November 11, 1909[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 2.971 sq mi (7.696 km2)
 • Land 2.971 sq mi (7.696 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[3] 259 ft (79 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,291
 • Density 2,500/sq mi (950/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 95963
Area code(s) 530
FIPS code 06-54274
GNIS feature IDs 1659315, 2411335

Orland is a city in Glenn County, California. The population was 7,291 at the 2010 census, up from 6,281 at the 2000 census, making Orland the most populous city in Glenn County. Orland is located 16 miles (26 km) north of Willows,[4] at an elevation of 259 feet (79 m).[3] Interstate 5, (north–south) passes west of the downtown area while State Route 32 (east–west) passes through downtown. The default numbers for wired telephones in Orland are (530) 865-xxxx.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.8 km2), all of it land.

Orland is a rural agricultural town that sits in the northern Sacramento Valley. Interstate 5 bisects the town.

The Sacramento River runs 10 miles (16 km) East of Orland and Black Butte Lake sits 8 miles (13 km) West. The Black Butte Lake dam drains into Stoney Creek, which flows about a half-mile north of the Orland Arch.

History[edit]

Orland incorporated in 1909.[4] The first post office in Orland opened in 1916.[4]

In 1908 Orland was the namesake of one of the first irrigation projects of the newly formed United States Bureau of Reclamation, the Orland Project, authorized by the Newlands Reclamation Act. The 1910 East Park Dam and other area dams still provide agricultural irrigation water.

During World War II, Orland was selected by the United States Army as the location for an airfield that was used for training pilots. Aircraft used at Orland included the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress. Scenes for several films used for training pilots and aircrew members were produced at Orland. Constructed of a large square of thick, reinforced concrete, most of the airfield is now a civil airport operated by Glenn County.

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[5] reported that Orland had a population of 7,291. The population density was 2,453.8 people per square mile (947.4/km²). The racial makeup of Orland was 4,828 (66.2%) White, 37 (0.5%) African American, 122 (1.7%) Native American, 208 (2.9%) Asian, 1 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 1,833 (25.1%) from other races, and 262 (3.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,269 persons (44.8%).

The Census reported that 7,280 people (99.8% of the population) lived in households, 6 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 5 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 2,515 households, out of which 1,074 (42.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,280 (50.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 377 (15.0%) had a female householder with no husband present, 147 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 191 (7.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 7 (0.3%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 583 households (23.2%) were made up of individuals and 272 (10.8%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89. There were 1,804 families (71.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.42.

The population was spread out with 2,209 people (30.3%) under the age of 18, 742 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 1,875 people (25.7%) aged 25 to 44, 1,608 people (22.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 857 people (11.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32.0 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males.

There were 2,659 housing units at an average density of 894.9 per square mile (345.5/km²), of which 1,459 (58.0%) were owner-occupied, and 1,056 (42.0%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 3.5%. 4,235 people (58.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,045 people (41.8%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[6] there were 6,281 people, 2,190 households, and 1,568 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,481.2 people per square mile (958.5/km²). There were 2,309 housing units at an average density of 912.1 per square mile (352.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.87% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 1.56% Native American, 1.89% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 24.10% from other races, and 3.81% from two or more races. 45.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,190 households out of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.4% were non-families. 23.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.36.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.6% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $27,973, and the median income for a family was $32,792. Males had a median income of $30,268 versus $21,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,486. About 12.7% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.2% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, Orland is in the 4th Senate District, represented by Republican Jim Nielsen,[7] and in the 3rd Assembly District, represented by Republican Dan Logue.[8]

Federally, Orland is in California's 3rd congressional district, represented by Democrat John Garamendi.[9]

Orland is the headquarters of the Paskenta Band of Nomlaki Indians.[10]

Education[edit]

Public schools
Private schools

References[edit]

  1. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census
  3. ^ a b "Orland". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  4. ^ a b c Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 288. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  5. ^ All data are derived from the United States Census Bureau reports from the 2010 United States Census, and are accessible on-line here. The data on unmarried partnerships and same-sex married couples are from the Census report DEC_10_SF1_PCT15. All other housing and population data are from Census report DEC_10_DP_DPDP1. Both reports are viewable online or downloadable in a zip file containing a comma-delimited data file. The area data, from which densities are calculated, are available on-line here. Percentage totals may not add to 100% due to rounding. The Census Bureau defines families as a household containing one or more people related to the householder by birth, opposite-sex marriage, or adoption. People living in group quarters are tabulated by the Census Bureau as neither owners nor renters. For further details, see the text files accompanying the data files containing the Census reports mentioned above.
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved April 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Tribal Directory." National Congress of American Indians. Retrieved 4 Sept 2013.

External links[edit]