Orlando "Cachaíto" López
|Orlando "Cachaíto" López|
|Born||Candelario Orlando López Vergara
February 2, 1933
|Died||February 9, 2009
|Known for||Buena Vista Social Club|
Candelario Orlando "Cachaíto" López Vergara (February 2, 1933 – February 9, 2009) was a Cuban bassist, who has gained international attention especially since his involvement in the Buena Vista Social Club recordings.
Born in Havana on February 2, 1933, Orlando "Cachaíto" López first got actively involved in music when he was only nine years old. By the age of eleven he was involved with an orchestra with his aunt. His early desire was to play the violin, but his Grandfather Pedro insisted he take up the double bass, as there had been a long tradition of bassists in the López family - legend has it that there are over 30 bassists in its lineage; a trend that they did not want stopped. He started learning the double bass on a cello, quickly moving onto a double bass when he was large enough. His musical career is said to have started when he was twelve, and at the age of 13, Cachaíto composed his first piece, a danzón called Isora Infantil. By the time he was 17 he replaced his uncle as the bassist with Antonio Arcaño y Sus Maravillas, a band that had been around since before Cachaíto was born. He made such an impression on the group that he was asked to stay.
In the 1950s, he helped create the descarga style of music that is a mix between jazz-styled improvisation with Afro-Cuban rhythms, and by 1957 he was playing with the hugely popular Havana dance band, Orquesta Riverside. In the 1960s, he became a bassist with the National Symphony Orchestra  and he took classes with the Czech bassist Karel Kopriva. Cachaíto was also a key member of Irakere, a Cuban experimental band that combined pop, classical, Cuban folk, African and jazz influences.
In 1996 López was hired by Juan de Marcos González for his Afro-Cuban All Stars and became signed to World Circuit, and became a member of the resulting Buena Vista Social Club and appearing in Wim Wenders' documentary Buena Vista Social Club. After a career spanning some 60 years, Cachaíto was still touring and recording (including playing bass as part of a Cuban touring group also featuring Guajiro Mirabal, Aguajé Ramos and Manuel Galbán.)
López died in a Cuban hospital on February 9, 2009, of complications from pancreatic cancer surgery. He was 76.
- Cachaíto (9 April 2001, World Circuit Records, featuring Manuel 'Angá' Diaz (congas), Pee Wee Ellis (horns), Bigga Morrison (Hammond), Manuel Galban (guitar), Amadito Valdés (timbales), and Hugh Masekela (flugelhorn))
- MySpace Orlando 'Cachaíto' Lopez's MySpace page
-  Biography from PBS
-  Film ("Buena Vista Social Club") details from PBS