Ornans

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Ornans
Statue cardinal Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle par Jean Petit 1897 Ornans
Coat of arms of Ornans
Coat of arms
Ornans is located in France
Ornans
Ornans
Coordinates: 47°06′22″N 6°08′38″E / 47.106°N 6.1438°E / 47.106; 6.1438Coordinates: 47°06′22″N 6°08′38″E / 47.106°N 6.1438°E / 47.106; 6.1438
Country France
Region Franche-Comté
Department Doubs
Arrondissement Besançon
Canton Ornans
Intercommunality Pays d'Ornans
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-François Longeot
Area1 32.64 km2 (12.60 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 4,124
 • Density 130/km2 (330/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 25434 / 25290
Elevation 323–635 m (1,060–2,083 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ornans is a commune in the Doubs department in the Franche-Comté region in eastern France.

The Loue and the neighborhood of Saint-Laurent

Personalities[edit]

Ornans is the birthplace of the French realist painter, Gustave Courbet (1819 - 1877). One of Courbet's most famous paintings is Burial at Ornans, which records the burial of his great uncle in September 1848. Courbet's painting depicted actual people who had attended the funeral and were used as models for the painting.

The mathematician and instrument maker Pierre Vernier, after whom the eponymous scale is named, is also a native of this small town (19 August 1580 -14 September 1637).[1] The main avenue of Ornans bears his name, Rue Pierre Vernier. The historical monument building (l'Hôtel de Granvelle), now designated 67 and 77 Rue Pierre Vernier,[2] was the birthplace of Cardinal Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle (20 August 1517 - 21 September 1586)[3] who was instrumental in the repression of the Protestant Reformation in the Netherlands, under Charles V (called "Charles Quint" in Français), Holy Roman Emperor from 1516-1556.[4] His father Nicholas Perrenot de Granvelle (1484–1550), had been a chancellor of the empire before him and trusted advisor to Charles V from the time he was elected emperor at 19 years of age.[5] Nicholas (father of 15 children) purchased a building located in centre ville, and made significant expansions; this became known as L'Hôtel de Granvelle. He groomed his son to assume his advisory position to the Emperor, and to the Pope. In his unique role, and powerful position, it is believed that Antoine was one of the architects of the Counter-Reformation. ( i.e. He was charged with addressing the Council of Trent in the name of the emperor (9 Jan., 1543)). "His vast correspondence is an inexhaustible source of information concerning the history of the sixteenth century. It might also be said, writes the celebrated archivist, Gachard, that no minister ever wrote as much as the Cardinal de Granvelle. His correspondence has been edited partly in France by Weiss, "Les papiers d'état de Granvelle" (9 vols., 4to, 1841–52), partly in Belgium, "La correspondence du cardinal Granvelle" (12 vols., 4to, 1878–96), the first three volumes by E. Poullet, the remainder by Ch. Piat."[6]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 3,104 —    
1800 3,266 +5.2%
1806 3,243 −0.7%
1821 3,019 −6.9%
1831 2,982 −1.2%
1836 3,096 +3.8%
1841 3,306 +6.8%
1846 3,304 −0.1%
1851 3,483 +5.4%
1856 3,189 −8.4%
1861 3,522 +10.4%
1866 3,448 −2.1%
1872 3,173 −8.0%
1876 3,169 −0.1%
1881 3,350 +5.7%
1886 3,279 −2.1%
1891 3,092 −5.7%
1896 3,204 +3.6%
1901 3,153 −1.6%
1906 2,910 −7.7%
1911 2,736 −6.0%
1921 2,628 −3.9%
1926 2,908 +10.7%
1931 3,051 +4.9%
1936 2,969 −2.7%
1946 2,840 −4.3%
1954 3,237 +14.0%
1962 3,619 +11.8%
1968 4,147 +14.6%
1975 4,231 +2.0%
1982 4,134 −2.3%
1990 4,016 −2.9%
1999 4,037 +0.5%
2008 4,124 +2.2%

See also[edit]

References[edit]