Oro, Plata, Mata
|Oro, Plata, Mata|
|Directed by||Peque Gallaga|
|Produced by||Madeleine Gallaga and Charo Santos-Concio|
|Screenplay by||José Javier Reyes|
|Story by||Peque Gallaga
Abbo de la Cruz
|Music by||Jose Gentica V|
|Editing by||Jesus Navarro|
|Distributed by||Experimental Cinema of the Philippines (1982)
Star Cinema (2013)
|Running time||194 minutes|
Oro, Plata, Mata is a 1982 multi-awarded Filipino film directed by Peque Gallaga, and is considered his most significant contribution to Philippine cinema. Set in the Philippine province of Negros during World War II, it tells the story of how two haciendero families cope with the changes brought about by the war. In translation, the movie is also known either as "Gold, Silver, Bad Luck" or "Gold, Silver, Death."
The title refers to an old Filipino architectural superstition saying that design elements in a house (particularly staircases) should not end in a multiple of three, in keeping with a pattern of oro (gold), plata (silver), and mata (bad luck). The film is structured in three parts that depict this pattern played out in the lives of the main characters, from a life of luxury and comfort in the city ("oro/gold"), to a still-luxurious time of refuge in a provincial hacienda ("plata/silver"), and finally to a retreat deeper into the mountains, where they are victimized by bandit guerillas ("mata/bad luck").
The film is restored by ABS-CBN Film Archive and Central Digital Lab, Inc. ABS-CBN's Star Home Videos released its digitally restored version and re-mastered full HD version on DVD in all major video outlets nationwide.
||This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (July 2010)|
Oro Plata Mata traces the changing fortunes of two aristocratic families in Negros during World War II. The Ojeda family is celebrating Maggie Ojedas (Andolong) debut. In the garden, Trining (Gil) receives her first kiss from Miguel Lorenzo (Torre), her childhood sweetheart. Don Claudio Ojeda (Ojeda) and his fellow landowners talk about war. The youngest guests mock Miguels refusal to join the army and brand him mamas boy. The celebration is cut short by news of the fall of the Corregidor. As war nears the city, the Ojedas accept the invitation extended by the Lorenzos, their old family friends, to stay with them in their provincial hacienda. Nena Ojeda (Lorena) and Inday Lorenzo (Asensio) try to deny the realities of war by preserving their pre-war lifestyle. Pining for her fiancé, Maggie goes through bouts of melancholy. Miguel and Trining turn from naughty children into impetuous adults.
Two more family friends a doctor, Jo Russell (Valdez), guerillas and Viring (Villanueva) join them. As the enemy advance, the families move to the Lorenzos forest lodge. A group of weary guerillas arrive and Jo tends to their injuries. The guerillas leave Hermes Mercurio (Lazaro) behind. Miguel endures more comments of the same kind when he fails to take action against a Japanese soldier who came upon the girls bathing in the river. It is Mercurio who kills the Japanese. Maggie comforts Miguel, who decides to learn how to shoot from Mercurio. Meanwhile, Virings jewelry is stolen by Melchor (de la Cruz), the trusted foreman. He justifies his action as a reward for his services. He tries his to break the other servants loyalty, but they force Melchor to leave. Later, Melchor and his band of thieves return. They raid the food supplies, rape Inday and chop off Virays fingers when she does not take off her ring. Trining goes with the bandits, despite all the crimes they have committed against her family. These experiences committed Maggie and Miguel closer together. Miguel urges the survivors to resume their mahjong games to help them cope. Miguel is determined to hunts the bandits down and bring Trining back. He catches them, but his courage is replaced with bloodlust, driving him to a killing spree. An epilogue follows the violent climax. The Americans have liberated the Philippines from Japan. A party is held in the Ojeda home to announce Maggie and Miguels betrothal. The survivors attempt to reclaim their previous lifestyle, but the war has changed the world, just as it has forever marked each of them
Awards and Accolades
The movie won the 1982 Gawad Urian awards for Best picture, direction, cinematography, production design, musical score, and sound. In the same year, it won the Luna Awards for Production Design and for Best Supporting Actress (Liza Lorena). It is marketed as being one of the top ten best films of the 1980s.
Since the film was written in the years after Martial Law, Melchor's actions in the film could be seen in two ways:
1.) Socio-Political Mirror of the 1980s - During the period, the enemies of the people were not foreign, and in fact, combative foreign forces were no threat at all to the Philippines (symbolized by the dying Japanese soldier Miguel fails to kill). The enemies of the people then were their own countrymen: Marcos' military and police forces.
2.) Marxist - Melchor's actions were possibly a warning to the upper classes, who dominated Philippine politics at the time.
- Cherie Gil as Trinidad "Trining" Ojeda
- Sandy Andolong as Margarita "Maggie" Ojeda
- Liza Lorena as Nena Ojeda
- Fides Cuyugan-Asencio as Inday Lorenzo
- Manny Ojeda as Don Claudio Ojeda
- Maya Valdez as Jo Russell
- Lorli Villanueva as Viring Ravillo
- Ronnie Lazaro as Hermes Mercurio
- Joel Torre as Miguel Lorenzo
- Abbo de la Cruz as Melchor
- Jaime Fabregas as Minggoy
- Robert Antonio as Carlos Placido
- Agustin Gatia as Lucio
- Kuh Ledesma as a diwata
- Dave Muller as a fisherman
- Peque Gallaga (2008)  (front cover). Oro, Plata, Mata (Liner notes). Diliman, Quezon City: Star Recording/ABS CBN. 17-75237-8.
- "ORO, PLATA, MATA (1982)". Retrieved 2008-05-11
- ABS-CBN RELEASES DIGITALLY RESTORED “ORO PLATA MATA” ON DVD
- "Oro, Plata, Mata to be restored in HD". ABS-CBNnews.com. 21 October 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- Oro, Plata, Mata (1982) - Awards