It is generally focusing on the description and explanation of the human-environmental relationship in (positive) and the sustainable development of (normative) mountain regions. Hence, mountain research is situated at the nexus of natural sciences, social sciences and humanities. Drawing on Alexander von Humboldt's work in the Andean realm, mountain geography and ecology are considered core areas of study; nevertheless important contributions are coming from anthropology, geology, economics, history or spatial planning. In sum, it applies an interdisciplinary and integrative regional approach comparable to polar research or marine research.
Mountain research, formerly also known as orology ( from Greek oros ὄρος for 'mountain' and logos λόγος)—not to be confused with orography—, is increasingly denominated montology; a term that was already included into the Oxford English Dictionary in 2002. On the one hand, the term montology received criticism due to the mix of Latin (mōns, pl. montēs) and Greek (logos). On the other hand, however, this is also the—well accepted—case in several, already established disciplines such as glaciology or sociology.
- Mountain Research and Development
- eco.mont – Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research and Management
- Mountain Partnership
- MRI Mountain Research Initiative
- The Mountain Forum
- AAG Mountain Geography Specialty Group
- Histoire des Alpes - Storia delle Alpi – Geschichte der Alpen (Journal)