Oromandibular dystonia

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Oromandibular dystonia is a form of focal dystonia affecting the mouth, jaw and tongue, and in this disease it is hard to speak.[1] It is associated with bruxism.

Botulinum toxin has been used in treatment.[2]


  1. ^ Sankhla C, Lai EC, Jankovic J (November 1998). "Peripherally induced oromandibular dystonia". J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. 65 (5): 722–8. doi:10.1136/jnnp.65.5.722. PMC 2170345. PMID 9810945. 
  2. ^ Michelotti A, Silva R, Paduano S, Cimino R, Farella M (December 2009). "Oromandibular dystonia and hormonal factors: twelve years follow-up of a case report". J Oral Rehabil 36 (12): 916–21. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2842.2009.02007.x. PMID 19840357.