Orontes II

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Orontes II
King of Armenia
Reign 336 - 331 BC
Coronation 336 BC
Predecessor Darius III Codomannus
Successor Mithrenes
Issue Mithrenes
Dynasty Orontid Dynasty
Father Orontes I
Mother Rodogoune
Died 1 October 331 BC
Gaugamela

Orontes II (Armenian: Երուանդ Բ, Yervand II) was the son of Orontes I. After Codomannus ascended the throne of Persia as Darius III in 336 BC Orontes was given the Satrapy of Armenia to rule.

At the Battle of Gaugamela he fought on the right flank for king Darius III, with 40,000 infantry and 7,000 cavalry[1] under his command. He died there.

Ironically his son, Mithrenes, Satrap of Lydia, had joined king Alexander III after being defeated at Sardis in 334 BC. He then fought at the Battle of Gaugamela on the side of Alexander. After the battle he was made Satrap of Armenia by Alexander.

References[edit]

J. M. Cook[2] Richard G. Hovannisian[3] Professor David Marshall Lang[4]

  1. ^ Lang, David Marshall. "Iran, Armenia and Georgia: Political Contacts". Cambridge History of Iran 3. 
  2. ^ The Persian Empire
  3. ^ The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times, 2 vols. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997
  4. ^ Iran, Armenia and Georgia: Political Contacts. In Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 3