Orontius of Lecce
|Honored in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Attributes||episcopal attire; smashed pagan idols at his feet.|
|Patronage||Lecce (city and province); Ostuni; Turi|
Saint Orontius of Lecce (Italian: Sant'Oronzo, Oronzio, Aronzo) is venerated as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, along with two other figures associated with his legend, Fortunatus and Justus. He is called the first bishop of Lecce.
A twelfth-century manuscript records one version of Orontius’ legend. Justus was a disciple of Saint Paul who on his way to Rome when he was shipwrecked at Salento, on the beach of San Cataldo. He converted two citizens of Rudiae (present-day Lecce), Orontius and Fortunatus (Orontius was Fortunatus’ uncle), to Christianity. Orontius' father, Publius, had been treasurer to the emperor, and Orontius had succeeded him to this office.
Orontius and Fortunatus were denounced as Christians, and they refused to sacrifice to the Roman gods. They were whipped and incarcerated, but later went to Corinth, where Orontius met Saint Paul, and was confirmed as the first bishop of Lecce, and Fortunatus his successor. When they returned to Lecce, they were once again persecuted by the authorities. The representative of Nero, Antoninus, imprisoned Orontius and Fortunatus, threatening to kill them if they did not reject their new religion. The two refused and managed to be released, and continued to preach in the Salento and at Bari. They were finally arrested again by Antoninus and executed with an axe three kilometers from Lecce, on 26 August.
Justus was also martyred.
In 1658, the separate feast days for Orontius, Fortunatus, and Justus were combined into one celebration. Orontius enjoyed a wider cult than the other two saints, and his cult was popular in Salento, Puglia and Basilicata. Many priests in Ostuni during the sixteenth century were named Rontius, a variant of Orontius. He was identified with the martyr Arontius of Potenza, who is recorded in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum. His cult in Lecce was reinvigorated by the fact that the ending of a 1656 plague there was attributed to him. A spring of water near Ostuni, considered miraculous, was associated with Orontius' cult.
Orontius is also venerated as the patron saint of Turi. His legend states that he hid in a cave near Turi. The ending of an outbreak of cholera in 1851 was attributed to him. He also is considered to have hidden in a cave near Ostuni, and was patron of that city as well. A church and sanctuary were dedicated to him there, and the procession known as Cavalcata di Sant'Oronzo, is celebrated there. Each year a three-day festival in Ostuni is held from the 25 August to 27 August to honor him.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Orontius of Lecce.|
- (Italian) Sant’Oronzo (Oronzio)