|Orot Rabin Power Station|
Orot Rabin power plant and its coal pier, viewed from Caesarea Maritima
|Secondary fuel||Fuel oil|
|Tertiary fuel||Crude oil|
|Generation units||4 X 375 MW
2 X 575 MW
|Turbine manufacturer(s)||Babcock & Wilcox
|Installed capacity||2,590 MW|
|As of 22 January 2011|
Construction of the station began in 1973 and Unit 1 began operating in 1981. A coal port is attached directly to the station which supplies all its coal consumption needs. Its total generating capacity is 2,590MW of electricity using the six power generating units (two large units and four smaller units) located at the site. The plant's overall design can accommodate two additional large units which could be built at a future date.
Originally the power station was named Maor David after David Shiffman, then-chairman of the IEC who died during its lengthy period of construction. However, after the completion of a major expansion of the station in the 1990s and the assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, the station was renamed in his honor to Orot Rabin, Hebrew for "Rabin Lights".
As of 2011[update] the plant is Israel's largest power station with its 2,590 MW representing 23% of the Israel Electric Corporation's total generation capacity (that is, unless Phase D expansion at the Rutenberg power station in Ashkelon will be built, at which point the latter would surpass Orot Rabin as Israel's largest power station). The plant burns 18,000 tons of coal every 24 hours and uses 320,000 tons of seawater every hour. It is also possible to operate the station using Fuel oil or crude oil. In 2009, a large desalination plant was built adjacent to the power station.
Orot Rabin has been accused of polluting the nearby Hadera Stream. Greenpeace claims that the station pollutes the sea water when coal is unloaded from ships and the sea water used for cooling the plant ends up in the Hadera River which harms wildlife.
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