Orson Scott Card
|Orson Scott Card|
Card at Life, the Universe, & Everything in 2008.
August 24, 1951 |
|Residence||Greensboro, North Carolina|
|Alma mater||Brigham Young University
University of Utah (M.A.)
University of Notre Dame (1980s graduate student)
|Occupation||Author, critic, playwright / script writer, poet, public speaker, essayist, political activist
Film assoc. producer
|Notable work(s)||Ender's Game series,
The Tales of Alvin Maker
|Style||Science fiction, fantasy, thriller, horror, historical fiction and fantasy and biblical fiction, LDS fiction|
|Board member of||Public television station UNC-TV (2013–present)
National Organization for Marriage (2009–2013)
|Religion||Latter-day Saint (Mormon)|
|Spouse(s)||Kristine Allen Card|
Hugo Award (Ender's Game, 1986
Speaker for the Dead, 1987
How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy, 1991)
Nebula Award (Ender's Game, 1986
Speaker for the Dead, 1987
"Eye for Eye," 1988)
Orson Scott Card (born August 24, 1951) is an American novelist, critic, public speaker, essayist and columnist. He writes in several genres but is known best for science fiction. His novel Ender's Game (1985) and its sequel Speaker for the Dead (1986) both won Hugo and Nebula Awards, making Card the only author to win both science fiction's top U.S. prizes in consecutive years. A feature film adaptation of Ender's Game, which Card co-produced, was released in late October 2013 in Europe and on November 1, 2013, in North America.
Card is a professor of English at Southern Virginia University, has written two books on the subject of creative writing, hosts writing bootcamps and workshops, and serves as a judge in the Writers of the Future contest. A great-great-grandson of Brigham Young, Card is a practicing member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In addition to producing a large body of fiction works, he has also offered political, religious, and social commentary in his columns and other writing. His views on homosexuality, including his opposition to same-sex marriage, have drawn controversy.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Fiction
- 3 On writing
- 4 Opinion
- 5 Personal life
- 6 Awards
- 7 Works
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Card is the son of Peggy Jane (née Park) and Willard Richards Card, third of six children and the older brother of composer and arranger Arlen Card. Card was born in Richland, Washington, and grew up in Santa Clara, California as well as Mesa, Arizona and Orem, Utah. He served as a missionary for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) in Brazil and graduated from Brigham Young University and the University of Utah; he also spent a year in a Ph.D. program at the University of Notre Dame. Card lives in Greensboro, North Carolina, an environment that has played a significant role in Ender's Game and many of his other works.
Card began his writing career primarily as a poet, studying with Clinton F. Larson at Brigham Young University. During his studies as a theater major, he began "doctoring" scripts, adapting fiction for readers theater production, and finally writing his own one-act and full-length plays, several of which were produced by faculty directors at BYU. He also explored fiction writing, beginning with stories that eventually evolved into The Worthing Saga.
After returning to Provo, Utah from his LDS mission in Brazil, Card started the Utah Valley Repertory Theatre Company, which for two summers produced plays at "the Castle", a Depression-era outdoor amphitheater behind the state psychiatric hospital in Provo; his company's were the first plays ever produced at the Castle. Meanwhile, he took part-time employment as a proofreader at BYU Press, then made the jump to full-time employment as a copy editor. In 1976, in the midst of a paid role performing in the Church's musical celebrating America's Bicentennial, he secured employment as an assistant editor at the Church's official magazine, Ensign, and moved to Salt Lake City. It was while working at Ensign that Card published his first piece of fiction. His short story "Gert Fram" appeared in the July 1977 fine arts issue of that magazine under the pseudonym Byron Walley.
He wrote the short story "Ender's Game" while working at the BYU press, and submitted it to several publications. The idea for the later novel of the same title came from the short story about a school where boys can fight in space. It was eventually purchased by Ben Bova at Analog Science Fiction and Fact and published in the August 1977 issue. Meanwhile, he started writing half-hour audioplays on the history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the New Testament, and other subjects for Living Scriptures in Ogden, Utah; on the basis of that continuing contract, some freelance editing work, and a novel contract for Hot Sleep and A Planet Called Treason, he left Ensign and began supporting his family as a freelancer.
He completed his master's degree in English at the University of Utah in 1981 and began a doctoral program at the University of Notre Dame, but the recession of the early 1980s caused the flow of new book contracts to temporarily dry up. He returned to full-time employment as the book editor for Compute! magazine in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1983. In October of that year, a new contract for the Alvin Maker "trilogy" (now up to six books) allowed him to return to freelancing.
Ender's Game and its sequel Speaker for the Dead were both awarded the Hugo Award and the Nebula Award, making Card the only author (as of 2013[update]) to win both of science fiction's top prizes in consecutive years. Card continued the series with Xenocide, Children of the Mind, Ender's Shadow, Shadow of the Hegemon, Shadow Puppets, "First Meetings in the Enderverse", Shadow of the Giant, Shadows in Flight, the 2007 release of A War of Gifts, and the 2008 release of Ender in Exile, a book that takes place after Ender's Game and before Speaker for the Dead. Card has also announced his plan to write Shadows Alive, a book that connects the "Shadow" series and "Speaker" series together. In 2008 Card announced that Ender's Game would be made into a movie, but that he did not have a director lined up (Wolfgang Petersen had previously been scheduled to direct the movie subsequently moved on to other projects.) It was to be produced by Chartoff Productions, and Card was writing the screenplay himself. The film was made several years later, and released in 2013, with Asa Butterfield in the title role and Gavin Hood directing.
Other works include the alternative histories The Tales of Alvin Maker, Pastwatch: The Redemption of Christopher Columbus, The Homecoming Saga, and Hidden Empire, a story about a near-future civil war in the United States, based on the Xbox Live Arcade video game Shadow Complex. He collaborated with Star Wars artist Doug Chiang on Robota and with Kathryn H. Kidd on Lovelock.
He has since branched out into other areas of fiction with novels such as Lost Boys, Treasure Box and Enchantment. Other works include the novelization of the James Cameron film The Abyss, and the comic book Ultimate Iron Man for Marvel Comics' Ultimate Marvel Universe series. Outside the world of published fiction, Card contributed dialog to at least three video games: Loom, The Secret of Monkey Island and The Dig in the early 1990s.
In 2000, Card published the first novel in The Women of Genesis series. This series explores the lives of the principal women mentioned in the first book of the Bible and includes Sarah (2000), Rebekah (2002), and Rachel and Leah (2004).
In the fall of 2005, Card also launched Orson Scott Card's InterGalactic Medicine Show. He edited the first two issues, but found that the demands of teaching, writing, and directing plays for his local church theater group made it impossible to respond to writers' submissions in a timely manner; former Card student and experienced freelance writer and editor Edmund R. Schubert took over as editor on June 1, 2006.
In 2008, Card's novella Hamlet's Father, a retelling of Shakespeare's Hamlet, was published in the anthology The Ghost Quartet (Tor Books). The work re-interpreted all of the characters' personalities and motivations.
Over the years Orson Scott Card has used at least seven pseudonyms.
The names Frederick Bliss and P.Q. Gump were used by Card when he was asked to write an overview of Mormon playwrights "Mormon Shakespears: A Study of Contemporary Mormon Theatre" for Spring 1976 issue of Sunstone magazine. According to Card he used these pseudonyms because the article included a brief reference to himself and his play "Stone Tables".
The name Byron Walley was used by Card on his first published piece of fiction "Gert Fram" which appeared in the July 1977 fine arts issue of Ensign magazine. According to Card he used this name because he had a non-fiction article, "Family Art", a poem, "Looking West", and a short play, "The Rag Mission", appearing in the same issue. Card also used the name Byron Walley in stories he published in Friend magazine, New Era magazine and in the anthology Dragons of Darkness. Stories by Byron Walley include: "Gert Fram", Ensign magazine, July 1977; "Bicicleta", Friend magazine, October 1977; "The Best Family Home Evening Ever", Friend magazine, January 1978; "Billy's Box", Friend magazine, February 1978; "I Think Mom and Dad Are Going Crazy, Jerry", New Era magazine, May 1979; and "Middle Woman", Dragons of Darkness, Ace Books, 1982.
The name Brian Green was also used by Card in the July 1977 fine arts issue of Ensign magazine. He used this name for his short play "The Rag Mission" because he had three other pieces appearing in the same issue.
Card wrote the novel Zanna's Gift (2004) under the pen name Scott Richards, saying, "I was trying to establish a separate identity in the marketplace, but for various reasons the marketing strategy didn't work as we'd hoped."
||This section of a biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2012)|
In 2005, Card accepted a permanent appointment as "distinguished professor" at Southern Virginia University in Buena Vista, Virginia, a small liberal arts college run according to the principles of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Card has cited his frustration with dismal teaching methodology for creative writing in most universities as a reason for accepting this position, along with his desire to teach the techniques of effective fiction writing to writers whose values are more congruent with his own. Card has worked closely with colleagues to develop ways to educate aspiring writers and has published two books on the subject. He was eager for the opportunity to apply these techniques in a university environment—his assorted workshops did not allow the follow-through he desired. After being deeply moved by stories of his students' parents in some of their essays, he decided to stop teaching regularly at the university to spend time with his youngest child who still lives at home. Card returned to teaching for the spring semester of 2009.
Card has run an annual, one-week class that consists of an intensive critique workshop for aspiring writers called "Literary Boot Camp" and a two-day workshop called the "Writer's Workshop."
Books on writing
Card has written two books on the subject of creative writing – Characters and Viewpoint, published in 1988, and How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy, published in 1990. He was also a co-writer for How to Write a Million (though his contribution is actually a reprint of an earlier work).
Card also offered advice about writing in an interview in Leading Edge #23 in 1991.
Writers of the Future
Card serves as a judge in Writers of the Future, a science fiction and fantasy story contest for amateur writers. It originated in the early 1980s by L. Ron Hubbard, a science fiction writer and the founder of the Church of Scientology, and continues to be funded and organized by Author Services Inc., an entity that manages Hubbard's literary work.
Card won the ALA Margaret Edwards Award in 2008 for his contribution in writing for teens, selected by a panel of YA librarians. "What have I done that made some wonderfully deluded people think that I should get the [award] for lifetime achievement in writing young adult fiction?", he asked in his address, and asserted that "There is no such thing as children's literature." Furthermore:
I have not worked with YA editors; my work has never been marketed that way until Tor put a YA cover and a new ISBN on Ender’s Game — fifteen years after the book first came out, and long after it had become popular with young readers. Ender's Game was written with no concessions to young readers. My protagonists were children, but the book was definitely not aimed at kids. I was perfectly aware that the rule of thumb for children’s literature is that the protagonist must be a couple of years older than the target audience. You want ten-year-old readers, you have a twelve-year-old hero.
At the beginning of the book, Ender is six. Who, exactly, is the target audience?
Card's commentary includes a column "Uncle Orson Reviews Everything," published at the Greensboro Rhinoceros Times, which featured personal reviews of movies, books, and restaurants in the greater Greensboro area, in addition to a variety of other topics. The column also later appears on his website, Hatrack River. Since 2008 Card has authored a column for the Mormon Times.
In a 2009 article denouncing the treatment former Republican Vice-Presidential candidate Sarah Palin had received from "the liberal media," Card declared, "And yet, there remains this: I disagree with her on at least half the issues that matter to her. After all, even though I'm a moral conservative, I am a Democrat and for good reason, as long as you define 'Democrat' the way it was defined in 1977."
Early in the 2008 presidential campaign he had labeled himself a "Moderate Democrat" and lamented, "I am a Democrat, and wish fervently that my party would nominate someone I could vote for." At the same time he expressed keen dismay at "Mitt Romney's tough stand on illegal immigration" and its evident appeal to Republican voters. He said Mexican immigration, in particular, was "an issue that could well destroy the Republican Party for years to come." On the day before the election, he called Republican John McCain "the centrist candidate I support" although "I wanted very badly for Obama to be a candidate I could vote for, and was sorry when he turned out not to be." He expressed agreement with a friend's comment on Barack Obama, that "even though I don't want him to win, I'm so happy that a black candidate was nominated by a major party. It's about time."
During the 2012 presidential primary campaign, Card wrote: "There are a lot of Republicans who really, really don't want Mitt Romney as their candidate... A lot of Republicans hate Romney because he's Mormon, and they've been taught by their ministers that Mormons are an evil cult. This is absurdly false, but it's a serious factor in Republican politics. They don't dare admit their Mormon-hatred openly, because the Republican Party needs the Mormon vote the way Democrats need and count on the Jewish vote—a small and much-maligned religious minority, but one that votes as a bloc and contributes time and money far beyond their numbers... Romney probably won't be and shouldn't be the Republican nominee, because too many people on the Left and the Right just can't get over his being Mormon."
In the same December 2011 column, Card wrote, "to my own disgust, I find myself right now leaning toward Newt Gingrich, a man who, as a human being, in my opinion does not measure up to either Romney or Obama. But I think he'd make a better President than either." Card said that he was particularly impressed by how effective Gingrich had been in helping balance the federal budget during the Clinton administration, and that "despite [Gingrich's] negatives, there is nobody smarter or more capable or with a better record of good government seeking the office of President right now."
In a controversial August 2013 essay that he described as "an experiment in fictional writing," Card imagines a future in which President Barack Obama rules as a "Hitler- or Stalin-style dictator" with his own national police force of "young out-of-work urban men." Obama and his wife Michelle would amend the U.S. Constitution to allow presidents to remain in power for life, as in Nigeria, Zimbabwe, and Hitler's Germany.
Card's immersion in the Mormon faith has been an important facet of his life from early on. He is a great-great-grandson of Brigham Young, an important leader in the Latter Day Saint movement, and all of Card's ancestors from at least three generations have been members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). His ancestors include several other figures notable in the LDS Church, including the Cardston colony founder Charles Ora Card. As such, his faith has been a source of inspiration and influence for both his writing and his personal views.
Views about homosexuality
Card has publicly declared his opposition to homosexuality and same sex marriage. In a 1990 essay for Sunstone magazine, he wrote that the laws prohibiting homosexual behavior should "remain on the books, not to be indiscriminately enforced against anyone who happens to be caught violating them, but to be used when necessary to send a clear message that those who flagrantly violate society's regulation of sexual behavior cannot be permitted to remain as acceptable, equal citizens within that society." In May 2013, Card stated that he no longer advocated this.
In a 2008 essay opposing same-sex marriage, Card stated that he regarded any government that would attempt to recognize same-sex marriage as a "mortal enemy" that he would act to destroy. In 2009 he joined the board of directors of the National Organization for Marriage, a group that campaigns against same-sex marriage. Card resigned from the board in mid-2013.
Card has also expressed his opinion that paraphilia and homosexuality are linked. In a 2004 essay entitled "Homosexual 'Marriage' and Civilization", Card wrote: "The dark secret of homosexual society—the one that dares not speak its name—is how many homosexuals first entered into that world through a disturbing seduction or rape or molestation or abuse, and how many of them yearn to get out of the homosexual community and live normally." Card's 1980 novel Songmaster depicts a homosexual relationship between a young man and a 15-year-old castrato. Card described this relationship as "a mutually self-destructive path" and stated: "I was not trying to show that homosexuality was 'beautiful' or 'natural'—in fact, sex of any kind is likely to be 'beautiful' only to the participants, and it is hard to make a case for the naturalness of such an obviously counter-evolutionary trend as same-sex mating." Additionally, in Card's 2011 novella Hamlet's Father, which re-imagines the backstory of Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Card was accused of directly trying to link the king's pedophilia with homosexuality. The novella prompted public outcry and its publishers were inundated with complaints. Trade journal Publisher's Weekly criticized Card's "flimsy novella", stating that the main purpose of it was to attempt to link homosexuality to pedophilia. Card responded to the claim: "...[T]here is no link whatsoever between homosexuality and pedophilia in this book. Hamlet's father, in the book, is a pedophile, period. I don't show him being even slightly attracted to adults of either sex. It is the reviewer, not me, who has asserted this link, which I would not and did not make." 
In 2013, Card was selected as a guest author for DC Comics's new Adventures of Superman comic book series, but critics of his hiring claimed his views conflicted with the ideals of Superman. The LGBT activist website AllOut.org began an online petition asking DC Comics to drop Card from the project. DC Comics stated that it supported freedom of expression and that the personal views of individuals associated with the company were not the views of the company itself. In March 2013, illustrator Chris Sprouse left the project due to the media attention and some comic book stores announced a boycott. DC Comics then opted to put Card's story on hold indefinitely.
One studio executive suggested that Card's involvement in promotion for the movie adaptation of Ender's Game could be a liability for the film, which was speculated as the reason why Card did not take part in the Ender's Game film panel at San Diego Comic Con in July 2013 with the other principal cast and crewmembers of the film. An LGBT group, Geeks OUT!, proposed a boycott of the film due to Card's anti-gay views, causing the movie studio Lionsgate to publicly disassociate itself from Card’s opinions.
In July 2013, one week after the U.S. Supreme Court issued rulings in two cases that were widely interpreted as favoring recognition of same-sex marriages, Card wrote in Entertainment Weekly that the gay marriage issue is "moot" due to the Supreme Court's decision on DOMA. He further stated, "now it will be interesting to see whether the victorious proponents of gay marriage will show tolerance toward those who disagreed with them when the issue was still in dispute."
Although he supports government-funded research into alternative energy sources and the phasing out of fossil fuel use, Card has also frequently criticized precipitous action on global warming, and has suggested that scientific evidence against global warming is suppressed because global warming has become an academic orthodoxy that discourages opposing evidence. His short story "Angles" also features scientists fearing to pursue research because it would run counter to scientific dogma. Card has also said that opposition to intelligent design is based on scientific dogma rather than a substantive assessment of the evidence. He also stated he believed the intelligent design movement will never be supported by genuine scientific evidence.
Card and his wife Kristine have had five children, each named after one or more authors he and his wife admire. Their children's names are Michael Geoffrey (Geoffrey Chaucer), Emily Janice (Emily Brontë and Emily Dickinson), Charles Benjamin (Charles Dickens), Zina Margaret (Margaret Mitchell) and Erin Louisa (Louisa May Alcott). Charles, who had cerebral palsy, died shortly after his 17th birthday and their daughter Erin died the day she was born. Card and his wife live with their youngest child, Zina, in Greensboro, North Carolina.
The life of their son Charles influenced some of Card's fiction, most notably the Homecoming series, Lost Boys and Folk of the Fringe. Their daughter, Emily, along with two other writers, adapted Card's short stories "Clap Hands and Sing", "Lifeloop" and "A Sepulchre of Songs" for the stage in Posing as People.
In 2008, he appeared in the short film The Delivery, which starred his daughter Emily. He plays an author reading an audiobook in this film, which won First Place in Fantasy at Dragon*Con Film Festival. He wrote an original story, "The Emperor of the Air," specifically for the short film by Gabrielle de Cuir and Stefan Rudnicki.
The ALA Margaret A. Edwards Award recognizes one writer and a particular body of work for "significant and lasting contributions to young adult literature". Card won the annual award in 2008, citing Ender's Game (1985), which inaugurated the science fiction Ender Saga, and Ender's Shadow (1999), the so-called parallel novel featuring another boy in the Battle School. According to the citation, the two boys' "experiences echo those of teens, beginning as children navigating in an adult world and growing into a state of greater awareness of themselves, their communities and the larger universe." In the same year, Card won the Lifetime Achievement Award for Mormon writers (Whitney Awards).
He has won numerous awards for single works, too.
- 1978 John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer from the World Science Fiction Convention, citing the "Ender's Game" novelette
- 1981 Songmaster: Hamilton-Brackett Memorial Award, 1981
- 1984 Saints: Book of the Year by the Association for Mormon Letters
- 1985 Ender's Game: Nebula Award, 1985; Hugo Award, 1986; Hamilton-Brackett Award, 1986; SF Chronicle Readers Poll, 1986
- 1986 Speaker for the Dead; Nebula Award, 1986, Hugo Award, 1987; Locus Award, 1987; SF Chronicle Readers Poll Award 87
- 1987 "Eye for Eye": Hugo Award, 1988; "Japanese Hugo". 1989
- 1987 "Hatrack River": Nebula nominee, 1986, Hugo nominee, 1987, World Fantasy Award winner, 1987
- 1988 Seventh Son: Hugo and WFA nominee, 1988; Mythopoeic Society Award 1988; Locus Award winner, 1988
- 1989 Red Prophet: Hugo nominee, 1988; Nebula Nominee, 1989; Locus winner, 1989
- 1991 How to Write Science Fiction and Fantasy (Writer's Digest Books, 90): Hugo Award
- 1995 Alvin Journeyman: Locus Award winner, 1996
- "Orson Scott Card at Southern Virginia University". Hatrack.com. 2005-05-09. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
- September 12, 2013. "Orson Scott Card named to UNC-TV board - News-Record.com: North State Politics". News-Record.com. Retrieved 2013-09-12.
- Eric W. Jepson. "Orson Scott Card Interview". Mormon Artist.
- "Orson Scott Card". The Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Retrieved 2006-10-18.
- "1986 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "1987 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "1985 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- Kellogg, Carolyn (2011-04-25). "2011 Hugo Award nominees announced". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2011-06-13.
- "Nebula Rules". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America. October 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2011-12-12.
- Ender's Game (2013) - Release dates
- McNary, Dave (May 31, 2012), 'Lone Ranger' to get July 2013 release, Variety
- "Why I Am Teaching at SVU... and Why SVU is Important" from LDSMag.com
- "Writers of the Future contest.". Retrieved 2006-12-06.
- "The Hypocrites of Homosexuality". Retrieved 10 Aug 2013.
- "Homosexual "Marriage" and Civilization". Retrieved 10 Aug 2013.
- Deutsch, Barry (February 13, 2013). "Why I Oppose The Petition To Have Orson Scott Card Canned By DC Comics". Family Scholars.
- McMillan, Graeme (February 13, 2013). "DC Comics Under Fire for Hiring Anti-Gay Author Orson Scott Card to Write Superman". Wired.
- "Who Is Orson Scott Card?". Hatrack River Enterprises Inc. Retrieved 2006-10-18.
- Willett, Edward (2006). Orson Scott Card: Architect of Alternate Worlds. New Jersey: Enslow Publishers, Inc. ISBN 0-7660-2354-0.
- Edith S. Tyson (Jan 1, 2003). Orson Scott Card: Writer of the Terrible Choice. Scarecrow Press. p. xiv.
- "Ender's Game Movie Searching for New Director". Retrieved 2008-07-16.
- "Interview with Author Orson Scott Card". Gaming Today. Retrieved 2007-06-18.
- "Orson Scott Card's Intergalactic Medicine Show". Retrieved 2006-10-18.
- Card's comments on working on Advent Rising from his official website
- Pseudonyms "Orson Scott Card's website The Hatrack".
- Card bio from FantasticFiction.co.uk
- The Locus Index to Science Fiction: 1984–1998, Locus Online, retrieved March 28, 2011
- Card, Orson Scott (November 2, 2008), Uncle Orson Reviews Everything: Bean on Baseball and Parker's Trilogies, Hatrack River Enterprises Inc, retrieved March 28, 2011
- "Uncle Orson Reviews Everything: Politically Incorrect Literature, Audio Drama, "My American Culture"". Hatrack River Enterprises Inc. 2007-05-27. Retrieved 2007-06-07.
- Roberts, Judson (November 2001), Former Boot Campers Published, Hatrack River Enterprises, Inc., retrieved March 28, 2011
- "2008 Margaret A. Edwards Award". Young Adult Library Services Association (YALSA). American Library Association (ALA).
"Edwards Award". YALSA. ALA. Retrieved 2013-10-13.
- "Looking Back". YALSA. ALA. Retrieved 2013-10-13. Card won the 20th anniversary Edwards Award in 2008, when YALSA asked previous winners to reflect on the experience. Some live remarks by Card are published online with the compiled reflections but transcripts of acceptance speeches are available to members only.
- Martin, Tim (2013-10-24). "Ender's Game: will the film be derailed by the author's homophobia?". Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
- Cowles, G (2012-01-27). "TBR Inside the List: Uncle Orson". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-05-14.
- John J. Miller (2013-10-24). "Ender’s Game | John J. Miller". Hey Miller. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
- "Orson Scott Card interview – the extended version - Books". The Listener. Retrieved 2013-11-05.
- Card (2009-12-20). "WorldWatch - Sarah Palin's Book - The Ornery American". Ornery.org. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- Card (2008-01-06). "WorldWatch - Please Don't Throw Away This Election - The Ornery American". Ornery.org. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- Card (2008-11-04). "WorldWatch – This Very Good Election Year – The Ornery American". Ornery.org. Retrieved 2010-07-10.
- Card (December 1, 2011). "Hugo, Scorsese, Romney, and Gingrich". Uncle Orson Reviews Everything. Hatrack.com.
- Child, Ben (August 16, 2013). "Ender's Game author Orson Scott Card compares Obama to Hitler". The Guardian.
- Horn, John (August 15, 2013). "'Ender's Game' author compares Obama to Hitler". Los Angeles Times.
- Romano, Aja (May 7, 2013). "Orson Scott Card’s long history of homophobia". Salon.com. Salon Media Group Inc. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "NYC-based group calls for boycott of sci-fi movie over author's gay rights views". CBS New York. July 9, 2013.
- "The Hypocrites of Homosexuality". Retrieved 15 Sep 2011.
- "Orson Scott Card: State job is not to redefine marriage". Deseret News (original: Mormon Times). July 24, 2008.
- NOM Latest News. National Organization for Marriage. April 27, 2009
- Cieply, Michael (July 12, 2013 ). "Author’s Views on Gay Marriage Fuel Call for Boycott". The New York Times.
- Homosexual "Marriage" and Civilization (Orson Scott Card) – published in The Rhinoceros Times (republished by The Ornery American.com – Feb 15, 2004)
- Flood, Alison. "Outcry over Hamlet novel casting old king as gay pedophile: Publisher showered with complaints over Orson Scott Card's Hamlet's Father" The Guardian 8 September 2011
- "''OSC Responds to False Statements about Hamlet's Father'' (Orson Scott Card) – September 2011". Hatrack.com. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- "Review of Hamlet's Father". Publishersweekly.com. 2011-02-28. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- Jase Peeples (February 12, 2013). "DC Comics Responds to Backlash Over Hiring Antigay Writer". The Advocate. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
- "Man Of Tomorrow: Superman, Orson Scott Card And Me". NPR. 2013-02-17. Retrieved 2013-09-12.
- Posted: 03/05/2013 5:10 pm EST (2013-03-05). "Chris Sprouse, 'Superman' Artist, Drops Orson Scott Card Project After Anti-Gay Controversy". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2013-09-12.
- Truitt, Brian (February 14, 2013). "Orson Scott Card's Superman comic causes a furor". USA Today. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
- Truitt, Brian (March 5, 2013). "Artist leaves Orson Scott Card's Superman comic". USA Today. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- "Three more stores decide not to stock Card’s Superman comic". February 15, 2013. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- Nease, Kristy (February 24, 2013). "Ottawa comic shop pulls books of anti-gay writer". CBC News. Retrieved March 15, 2013.
- McMillan, Graeme (March 5, 2013). "Orson Scott Card’s Controversial Superman Story Put on Hold". Wired.com. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- Andy Lewis, Borys Kit (February 20, 2013). "'Ender's Game' Author's Anti-Gay Views Pose Risks for Film". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 21, 2013.
- Roth, Dan (June 27, 2013). "Ender's Game is going to Comic-Con ... WITHOUT Orson Scott Card". Blastr (SyFy). Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- "Activists call for Ender's Game boycott over author's anti-gay views". The Guardian. July 9, 2013.
- "Orson Scott Card's antigay views prompt 'Ender's Game' boycott". 11 Jul 2013. Retrieved 20 Jul 2013.
- Cheney, Alexandra (July 12, 2013). "Studio comes out against 'Ender's Game' author on gay rights". Wall Street Journal.
- Lee, Stephan (2013-07-08). "'Ender's Game' author answers critics: Gay marriage issue is 'moot' | Inside Movies | EW.com". Insidemovies.ew.com. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
- Card, Orson Scott (2007-04-29). "Civilization Watch: Don't You Dare Ask for Proof". The Ornery American. Retrieved 2007-05-08.
- Card, Orson Scott (2006-01-08). "WorldWatch: Creation and Evolution in the Schools". The Ornery American. Retrieved 2006-10-18.
- "Posing as People". Hatrack River Enterprises Inc.
- "The Delivery". The Internet Movie Database (IMDb). Retrieved 2011-03-28.
- Locus Publications (2011-01-05). "Locus Online News » Orson Scott Card Suffers Mild Stroke". Locusmag.com. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- Card, Orson Scott (February 17, 2011). "Orson Scott Card: Talents, gifts and intelligence". Deseret News.
- "Orson Scott Card's Whitney Award Speech". Mormontimes.com. Retrieved 2013-03-14.
- "1984 AML Awards". Association for Mormon Letters. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- "1988 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "1989 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- "1996 Award Winners & Nominees". Worlds Without End. Retrieved 2009-07-15.
- Other sources[clarification needed]
- Dragons of Darkness, edited by Orson Scott Card, Ace Books, 1981.
- Maps in a Mirror, Orson Scott Card, Tor Books, 1990.
- Critics, community and 'Ender's Game': An interview with Orson Scott Card, Deseret News, October 31, 2013.
- Card Catalogue: The Science Fiction and Fantasy of Orson Scott Card, Michael R. Collings, Hypatia Press, 1987, ISBN 0-940841-01-0
- In the Image of God: Theme, Characterization and Landscape in the Fiction of Orson Scott Card, Michael R. Collings, Greenwood Press, 1990, ISBN 0-313-26404-X
- The Work of Orson Scott Card: An Annotated Bibliography and Guide, Michael R. Collings and Boden Clarke, 1997
- Storyteller: The Official Guide to the Works of Orson Scott Card, Michael R. Collings, Overlook Connection Press, 2001, ISBN 1-892950-26-X
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|By Orson Scott Card|
- Official website
- Orson Scott Card at the Internet Book List
- Orson Scott Card at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Orson Scott Card at the Internet Movie Database
- Strong Verse, Online poetry magazine published by Card
- The Ornery American, Orson Scott Card's political site; includes his column
- An audio interview with Orson Scott Card (MP3 format) from Hour 25
- Audio interview with Orson Scott Card at National Review Online[dead link]
- Interview at SFFWorld.com
- "Behind the Scenes": Orson Scott Card on Ender's Game, Marvel.com: "Videos"
- Orson Scott Card at Library of Congress Authorities — with 113 catalog records and point of entry to records under other names