Orthodox Church in America Albanian Archdiocese
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (November 2010)|
|Archbishop of Albanian Orthodox Archdiocese in America|
|Province:||California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania|
|Cathedral:||Cathedral of St. George|
|First Incumbent:||Fan Noli|
|Website:||Orthodox Church in America-Albanian Archdiocese|
The Albanian Orthodox Archdiocese in America is one of three ethnic dioceses of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA). Its territory includes parishes, and missions located in seven states in the United States – California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania.
The earliest organized Albanian dioceses were set up under the auspices of the Russian Orthodox Greek Catholic Church in America (now Orthodox Church in America), because the Church of Constantinople would not allow the rise of any Albanian Orthodox Church and officially opposed the use of the Albanian language in churches until 1937 when the Autocephalic Orthodox Church of Albania was recognized by Constantinople.
On March 18, 1908, as a result of the Hudson Incident, Fan Noli was ordained as a priest by a Russian bishop in the United States. In March 1908, Noli thus led the first time in Albanian the Orthodox liturgy for the Albanian-American community.
After political dislocations following the October Revolution of 1917 in Russia, all ties with the Russian Orthodox church were severed, and the Albanian churches under Noli became independent.
After World War II, following the controversies about Noli's status, and the political divergences of Albanian-Americans with the rise of Communism in Albania, Patriarch of Constantinople, Athenagoras, to send a canonical bishop, the Rt. Rev. Mark (Lipa) who organized the Diocese in 1949-1950 and accepted into it the considerable community in Chicago and an older parish, the first of three Albanian Orthodox parishes to locate in South Boston.
Ten other Albanian Orthodox parishes incorporated under Bp. Theofan's Archdiocese and two parishes persisted in an "independent" status.
By October 1971, with the acceptance of Bp. Stephen and the Albanian Orthodox Archdiocese in America as a constituent diocese of the OCA, the canonical controversy was ended. Meanwhile the Albanian Orthodox Diocese of America founded by Lipa continued under the jurisdiction of the Church of Constantinople affiliate with The Greek Orthodox Church in America.
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The current bishop of the Archdiocese is the Right Reverend Nikon (Liolin), who was elected to the position of Bishop of Boston and the Albanian Archdiocese on October 22, 2003. He was later installed as Bishop of Boston, New England, and the Albanian Archdiocese on December 18, 2005, reflecting his election by the Holy Synod to simultaneously head the OCA's Diocese of New England which is based in Hartford, Connecticut.
The Annual Convention is the supreme legislative and administrative authority in all secular matters of the Archdiocese. It is composed of the Bishop, the clergy of the Archdiocese, and lay delegates representing each parish within the jurisdiction of the Albanian Orthodox Archdiocese in America.
The diocese is grouped geographically into three deaneries, each consisting of a number of parishes. Each deanery is headed by a parish priest, known as a dean. The deans coordinate activities in their area's parishes, and report to the diocesan bishop. The current deaneries of the Albanian Archdiocese and their territories are:
- Great Lakes Deanery – Michigan, New York, and Ohio
- Massachusetts Deanery – California and Massachusetts
- Mid-Atlantic Deanery – Connecticut, New York, and Pennsylvania
- Info from Official site
- La Civiltà cattolica, Issues 3727-3732 IV (3730), Nov 19, 2005, p. 343, ISSN 0009-8167
- Tarasar, Constance J. (1975). Orthodox America, 1794-1976: development of the Orthodox Church in America. Bavarian State Library. p. 309. Retrieved 2010-06-14.
- "The 90th Anniversary Historical Trilogy by Denise Lymperis". Saint George Cathedral.
- "Orthodox Christians in North America 1794 - 1994". Orthodox Church of America.
- Frank S. Mead (1975). Handbook of Denominations in the United States (6 ed.). Abingdon Press. pp. 120–121. ISBN 0-687-16569-5.
Notes and references