Serbian Orthodox Seminary of Prizren

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Orthodox Seminary of Prizren
Србска Православна Богословија Св. Кирила и Mетодија
Orthodox Seminary of Prizren, Republic of Kosovo
Address
Vatra Shqiptare
Prizren, 20000, Kosovo
Coordinates 42°12′33″N 20°44′31″E / 42.209281°N 20.742049°E / 42.209281; 20.742049 (Orthodox Seminary of Prizren)
Information
Type Public, provincial, spiritual
Established 1872
Rector of Orthodoxian Seminary of Prizren Theodosius
Bishop of Raska Theodosius
Age 15 to 18
Houses 2
Colour(s) Gray     White    

The Serbian Orthodox Seminary of Saints Cyril and Methodius (Serbian: Српска Православна Богословија Св. Кирила и Методија) is a Serbian Orthodox theological school which trains and prepares orthodox clergymen for preaching the orthodox religion. This school has created scholars and teachers, even though its main mission is to create clergymen.[1] The seminary was the first educational-cultural and political center of Serbs in Kosovo.

History[edit]

Serbian merchant Sima Andrejević founded the seminary in order to train men to serve as Orthodox clergymen and teachers.[1] The teaching process in this school started on May 1871. Two years after its foundation, in August 10, 1872, to this school was added a dormitory for students and another one for professors.[2]

Under the direct rule of Petar Kostić, it quickly became the center of Serbian culture and learning during the first decades of 20th century. Located in the center of Prizren, the school soon came to be the cell of a first university in Kosovo, and this enabled the Orthodox, Serb population, to advance educationally and culturally at a time when Albanians were unable to access education, except for some Koran schools for boys in Turkish-language.[1] "There were many monks here of army titles who, all day prayed, and all night rove through the city's neighborhoods and did mysterious deeds. It opened during the Ottoman rule with the intervention of the Patriarchy[disambiguation needed], to leave a dangerous sign for the future." said on his book,[3] In years 1960–1965, the seminary reached its peak and counted 400 students at that time.

When the Kosovo War ended, in June 12, 1999, the majority of Serbs who were living in Kosovo at that time, were forced to flee, and those who could not do that, took refuge and hid themselves in Bogosolovija, where they were fed and protected by the Kosovo Force Troops until a place for them to settle was found.[1]

After the exiled Albanians returned to their homes in Prizren, as a sign of revenge they burned and damaged some of Serb buildings, including the Orthodox Seminary of Prizren. More damage was dealt to it during the protests which occurred on March 17, 2004. [4][5][6] On March 2007, the local company HIDROTERM together with Cultural Heritage without Borders (CHwB)[7] worked together in restoring this educational institution to its former state. The tender for its restoration amounted to 1.3 million euros, 20% of which were managed by CHwB, and was supported by the European Agency for Reconstruction. During its restoration, HIDROTERM was the one to carry the physical work while being supervised by the CHwB. Other partners who took part in this project were Municipality of Prizren, Serbian Orthodox Church and the Institute for Protection of Monuments in Kosovo.[8] In the summer of 2012, the Russian Orthodox Church decided to donate 200.000 euros to the seminary, in order for them to prepare for the accommodation of the new students.[9]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Elsie, Robert (2004). Historical Dictionary of Kosova. The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-5309-4
  • Vladimir Boban, Sima A Igumanov, Zivot i delo, NUB "Ivo Andric," Pristina-Beograd, 2004
  • Human Rights Watch, Failure to Protect: Anti-Minority Violence in Kosovo, March 2004, July 2004 Vol. 16 No. 6 (D)
  • Salajdin Krasniqi, Prizreni Udhëtim nëpër kohë, Shtypshkronja "Siprint" - Prizren, 2002
  • Serafim S. Nikolić, Nikoleta Bešić - Prizren od srednjeg veka do savremenog doba: (urbanističko - arhitektonski razvoj), ISBN 86-7935-065-6
  • Petar Kostic, Prosvetno-kulturni zivot pravoslavnih srba u Prizrenu i njegovoj okolini u XIX i pocetkom XX veka