Oru Pennum Randaanum
|Oru Pennum Randaanum (A Woman and Two Men)|
|Directed by||Adoor Gopalakrishnan|
|Produced by||Adoor Gopalakrishnan Productions
|Written by||Adoor Gopalakrishnan based on the short stories of Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai|
|Starring||M. R. Gopakumar, Seema G. Nair , Nedumudi Venu, Jagannathan, Vijayaraghavan, Sudheesh, Jagadeesh, Praveena, Ravi Vallthol, Manoj.K.Jayan|
|Music by||Isaac Thomas|
The film has four separate chapters, each based on independent short stories written by Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai. The film is about four crimes of different nature that happen in different contexts and situations. The setting is the Princely State of Travancore, South India in the 1940s. The Second World War being fought in Europe at that time had terrible impact on the colonial British India with increasing scarcity of basic commodities and rising unemployment. The stories in this film span from crimes committed by the deprived to the comparatively privileged landed gentry.
The four chapters of the film tell stories, which are independent of each other. The only connection between them is the recurring theme of crime. With the flow of the movie, there is an increase in the complexity of the crimes.
Kallante Makan (The Thief)
Kunjunni is the school going son of the thief, Neelantan. He enters into a fight with his classmate, Kurien, over the profession of his father. Neelantan approaches Kurien's father, Mathai, and urges him to leave the children alone from such prejudices. Mathai is offended by this and in retaliation prepares a petition to the police chief demanding preventive custody of Neelantan. Upon Neelantan's arrest, Kunjunni persuades his mother to talk him out of his profession. Two years later, Kunjunni comes home with the news that Kurien's house has been burgled. A heartbroken Kunjunni realizes the truth about the burglary when he sees the full meal and new clothes at his home.
Niyamavum Neethiyum (Law and justice)
The new police Inspector is upright and decides to probe the 'unsolved' case of a theft in a merchant's shop. It is rumoured that the Head Constable Pillai had a liaison with the culprit and they shared the loot. Upon the Inspector's order, Pillai and his fellow-constable Mathu set out to solve the case. Though Mathu suggests to re-arrest the culprit, Pillai vacillates. While discussing this issue in a local bar, Mathu spots a moment of opportunity when he notices a rickshaw-puller opening an envelope of currency notes. Before the innocent victim comes to terms with the situation, he is arrested for the burglary. He is threatened that if he proceeds to defend himself or appeal, he will lose all his savings. The poor victim has hardly a choice.
Oru Koottukaran (One friend (male))
Krishnankutty is a college student nurturing an infatuation for the servant girl at the lodge. The relationship takes a turn when the girl starts showing symptoms of pregnancy. Krishnan Kutty is heartbroken by this new development, as he is under obligation to marry the daughter of his uncle. Pushed to make a choice between suicide and abortion, he seeks help from his friend, a lawyer. Together they seek out a quack who performs abortions. But the meeting with the quack stirs new feelings in Krishnan Kutty and he gets prepared to face the challenge in his life.
Pankiyamma (One Woman and Two Men)
Panki is the village beauty. Rama Kurup, a middle aged man, forsakes everything to marry her. One night, his suspicion is confirmed when he finds her with a paramour. In the scuffle that follows, Kurup stabs his younger adversary. He goes into hiding as a case is registered against him for attempted murder. As time passes after an intense police investigation, a humiliated Kurup returns home on bail. As the case proceeds in the court of law, supporters of the two sides clash on the streets. Panki, remains non-committal even after being urged by both men to take their side. Both the men are sentenced to three years rigorous imprisonment for inciting murder and violence among their followers. In prison, the two men end their enmity and decide to confront Panki together, on their release.
Kallante Makan (The Thief)
- M. R. Gopakumar as Neelantan, the thief
- Seema G. Nair as Neelantan’s wife
- Master Amal Jose as Neelantan’s son
- Indrans as Mathai, the neighbour
- KPAC Leela as Maria, Mathai’s wife
- Master Brolin Thomas as Mathai’s son
- Mukkottu Gopalakrishnan as Head master
- Arya Alphonse as School teacher
- Gopan as Police Constable
- Padmanabha Panikkar as Police Constable
Niyamavum Neethiyum (The Police)
- Nedumudi Venu as Maathu – Police constable
- Jagannathan as Kuttan Pillai – the head constable
- Vijayaraghavan as Police Inspector
- Krishnakumar as The rikshaw- puller
- James Mukalel as Bar-tender
- P.Sreekumar as The Magistrate
- Prof. Aliyar as Bench-clerk
- Priyanka as Witness
- Anup as Witness
- Padmanabha Panikkar as Witness
- Ambootty as Lock-up mate
- Vakkom Mohan as Pleader
Oru Koottukaran (Two Men and a Woman)
- Sudheesh as Krishnankutty – the student
- Jagadeesh as Advocate – his senior friend
- P.C. Soman as The Quack
- Anup as Boat-man
- Nandan as Advocate’s relative
Pankiyamma (One Woman, Two Men)
- Praveena as Pankiyamma
- Ravi Vallthol as Her husband
- Manoj.K.Jayan as Her paramour
- Sukumari as The narrator
- Babu Namboodiri as Her husband
- G.K.Pillai as Old Prison inmate
- Subair as Police Constable
- Sasthanthala Sahadeven as Jailer
- Krishna Prasad as Father of Pankiyamma's baby
The project to make films on Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai's stories came when Doordarshan in their Timeless Classics series wanted to compile works of writers in different languages who have produced classic literature. This movie was filmed just after the previous film of Adoor- Naalu Pennungal, which was the first film to be part of the project. Both the films have a four-chapter-structure based on independent short stories by Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai. Both the films also share the same geographical and temporal setting.
The director made the following statement about the movie in his official website - "The four chapters of the film tell stories independent of each other. What connects them is the recurring theme of crime. Starting from simple, parable like tales about ordinary people, the narrative slowly takes on questions of love, loyalty and morality leading to complex issues of life. It culminates in the story of the contemporary legend of Panki, the irresistible village beauty who lives naturally. Unlike in my earlier films, here I have used dialogue predominantly to comment, endorse or simply report on the course of the plot to lend the story a narrative form akin to that of the epics where reportage plays a major role in making the experience larger- than- life." 
The film has also been exhibited so far in
- Dubai International Film Festival, 2008.
- The 38th edition of the International Film Festival Rotterdam, 2009.
- The 23rd edition of the Fribourg International Film Festival, 2009 
The official website for the International Film Festival Rotterdam lauded the movie saying that "[e]ach story echoes the burden of time and place, yet is universal." It also adds that "[a]lthough this never-ending search for a better life, human dignity and love is seriously rendered, it still radiates the romantic idea of human endurance, hope, guilt and a sense of justice. That makes this rather calm and lyrical film, which is obviously deeply culturally rooted, universal."
The film won the Kerala State Film Awards for 2008 for best feature film, director, scenarist, second best female actor (Praveena) and sound recording (T. Krishnanunni and Harikumar).
- "IFFI Daily" (PDF). International Film Fesitival of India. 2009-11-28.
- "A Climate for Crime, Official website of Adoor Gopalakrishnan". Retrieved 2009-05-29.
- "Official Website of International Film Festival Rotterdam". Retrieved 2009-05-29.
- "Official Website of the Fribourg International Film Festival". Retrieved 2009-05-29.
- Five awards for Adoor’s Oru Pennum Randanum. The Hindu dated 4 June 2009  (Retrieved on 4 June 2009)
- A Climate for Crime, Official website of Adoor Gopalakrishnan
- Oru Pennum Randaanum at the Internet Movie Database