Oruro Department

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Department of Oruro
Santuario de la Virgen del Socavón, Carnaval de Oruro, 2007
Santuario de la Virgen del Socavón, Carnaval de Oruro, 2007
Flag of Department of Oruro
Flag
Location within Bolivia
Location within Bolivia
Country  Bolivia
Capital Oruro
Provinces 16
Government
 • Governor Santos Tito (MAS-IPSP)
Area
 • Total 53,558 km2 (20,679 sq mi)
Population (2012 census)
 • Total 494,178
 • Density 9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)
Time zone BOT (UTC-4)
ISO 3166-2 BO-O
Languages Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Website www.oruro.gob.bo

Oruro is a department in Bolivia, with an area of 53,588 km². Its capital is the city of Oruro. According to the 2012 census, the Oruro department had a population of 494,178.

Provinces of Oruro[edit]

The department is divided into 16 provinces which are further subdivided into municipalities and cantons.

Province Map # Area (km²) Population
(2012 census)
Capital
Oruro 001.png
Carangas 10   5,472 11,041 Corque
Cercado 2   5,766 309,277 Oruro
Eduardo Avaroa 5   4,015 33,248 Challapata
Ladislao Cabrera 12   8,818 14,678 Salinas de Garci Mendoza
Litoral 13   2,894 10,409 Huachacalla
Nor Carangas 8   870 5,502 Huayllamarca
Pantaleón Dalence 3   1,210 29,497 Huanuni
Poopó 4   3,061 16,775 Poopó
Puerto de Mejillones 16   785 2,076 La Rivera
Sabaya 15   5,885 10,924 Sabaya
Sajama 14   5,790 9,390 Curahuara de Carangas
San Pedro de Totora 9   1,487 5,531 Totora
Saucarí 7   1,671 10,149 Toledo
Sebastian Pagador 6   1,972 13,153 Santiago de Huari
Sud Carangas 11   3,536 7,231 Santiago de Andamarca
Tomás Barrón 1   356 5,267 Eucaliptus

Note: Eduardo Abaroa Province (#5) is both north of and south of Sebastián Pagador Province (#6).

Government[edit]

The chief executive office of Bolivia departments (since May 2010) is the governor; until then, the office was called the prefect, and until 2006 the prefect was appointed by the President of Bolivia. The current governor, Santos Tito of the Movement for Socialism – Political Instrument for the Sovereignty of the Peoples, was elected on 4 April 2010.

The chief legislative body of the department is the Departmental Legislative Assembly, a body also first elected on 4 April 2010. It consists of 33 members: 16 elected by each of the department's provinces; 16 elected based on proportional representation; and minority indigenous representative selected by the Uru-Chipaya people.

Gubernatorial Candidate Party Votes for Governor Percentage Assembly Members by Territory Votes for Assembly by Population Percentage Assembly Members by Population Total Assembly Members
  Santos Tito Movement for Socialism 107.576 59,6% 15 83.220 56,1% 10 25
  Iver Pereira Vásquez Without Fear Movement 53.111 29,4 1 47.319 31,9% 5 6
  National Unity Front 13.933 7,7% 0 12.277 8,3% 1 1
  Guillermo Zolá Eugenio Nationalist Revolutionary Movement 5.800 3,2% 0 5.612 3,8% 0 0
Indigenous Representatives Elected through usos y costumbres 1
  Valid votes 180.420 81,5% 148.428 67,1%
  Blank votes 28.055 12,7 62.222 30,2%
  Null votes 12.939 5,8% 10.706 4,8%
  Total votes 221.414 87,5% of registered voters 16 221.356 87,4% of registered voters 16 33
Source: Corte Nacional Electoral, Acto de Computo Nacional, Boletín 22: Explicación asignación de escaños departamentales

Languages[edit]

The languages spoken in the department are mainly Spanish, Quechua and Aymara. The following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers.[1]

Language Department Bolivia
Quechua 134,289 2,281,198
Aymara 127,086 1,525,321
Guaraní 383 62,575
Another native 1,943 49,432
Spanish 342,332 6,821,626
Foreign 6,878 250,754
Only native 30,745 960,491
Native and Spanish 188,963 2,739,407
Spanish and foreign 153,439 4,115,751

Notable people[edit]

  • Evo Morales who has been the Bolivian president since 2006 was born in the little village of Isallawi near Orinoca.

Places of interest[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°40′S 67°40′W / 18.667°S 67.667°W / -18.667; -67.667