|This section requires expansion. (September 2013)|
|Seeds of Oryza glaberrima|
Oryza glaberrima, commonly known as African rice, is a domesticated rice species. African rice is believed to have been domesticated 2,000–3,000 years ago in the inland delta of the Upper Niger river, in what is now Mali. Its wild ancestor, which still grows wild in Africa, is Oryza barthii.
This species is grown in West Africa. African rice often shows more tolerance to fluctuations in water depth, iron toxicity, infertile soils, severe climatic conditions and human neglect, and exhibits better resistance to various pests and diseases, such as nematodes (Heterodera sacchari and Meloidogyne spp.), African gall midge, RSNV, rice yellow mottle virus and the parasitic plants Striga. The species shows several negative characteristics with respect to the Asian rice species O. sativa, such as brittle grain and cracking during industrial polishing. More importantly, it consistently shows lower yields than O. sativa.
- Linares 2002, African rice (Oryza glaberrima): History and future potential. PNAS 99:16360-16365
- Carney 2009 
- Oryza glaberrima: A source for the improvement of Oryza sativa
- Carolina Gold
- Identification of a rice stripe necrosis virus resistance locus and yield component QTLs using Oryza sativa × O. glaberrima introgression lines
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