Osaka Municipal Subway

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Osaka Municipal Subway
Osaka Metro Logo.svg
Overview
Native name 大阪市営地下鉄
Ōsaka-shiei chikatetsu
Locale Osaka and Keihanshin region, Japan
Transit type Metro
Number of lines 8 (+ 1 People Mover)
Number of stations 123[1]
133 (incl. People Mover)[1]
Daily ridership 2,319,896 (FY2009)[1]
Operation
Began operation 1933
Operator(s) Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau
Technical
System length 129.9 km (80.7 mi)[1]
137.8 km (85.6 mi) (incl.
People Mover)[1]
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Third rail lines: 750 V DC, third rail
Sakaisuji Line and linear motor metro lines: 1,500 V DC, overhead lines
Top speed 70 km/h (43 mph)
System map
Map of Osaka Municipal Subway

Osaka Municipal Subway (大阪市営地下鉄 Ōsaka-shiei chikatetsu?) is the metro network in the city of Osaka (and also serving Higashiosaka, Kadoma, Moriguchi, Sakai, Suita, and Yao), Japan, forming an integral part of the extensive mass transit system of Greater Osaka (Kansai region), having 123[1] out of the 1,108 rail stations (2007) in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto region.[2] In 2010 the greater Osaka region had 13 million rail passengers daily (see Transport in Keihanshin) of which the Osaka subway accounts for 2.29 million.[3] It is operated by Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau. Its first service, the Midōsuji Line from Umeda to Shinsaibashi, opened in 1933.

Unlike other rapid transits in Japan, Osaka Municipal Subway uses third rail system as its primary electric system for trains (lines that don't use third rail are the Sakaisuji Line, the Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line and the Imazatosuji Line which use overhead catenary).

Rolling stock[edit]

Osaka Municipal Subway rolling stock is divided into conventional electric motored trains and linear motored trains.

Electric motored[edit]

Linear motored[edit]

Lines[edit]

Currently, there are eight subway lines, operating on 129.9 kilometers (80.7 mi) and serving 123 stations; there is also a 7.9-kilometer (4.9 mi) long, 10 station automated people mover line operated by the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau:[1]

Line
color
Line
icon
Mark Line
number
Name Japanese Opened Last extension Length[1] Stations[1]
  Midosuji logo.png M Via trackage rights Kitakyū Namboku Line 北大阪急行電鉄 1970 1970 5.9 km 4[Note 1]
Line 1 Midōsuji Line 1933 1987 24.5 km 20
  Tanimachi logo.png T Line 2 Tanimachi Line 1967 1983 28.1 km 26
  Yotsubashi.png Y Line 3 Yotsubashi Line 1942 1970 11.4 km 11
  Chuo.png C Line 4 Chūō Line (Yumehanna) 1997[Note 2] - 2.4 km 1[Note 3]
1961[Note 4] 1985 15.5 km 13
Via trackage rights Kintetsu Keihanna Line (Yumehanna) 1986 2006 18.8 km 8[Note 5]
  Sennichimae.png S Line 5 Sennichimae Line 1969 1981 12.6 km 14
  Sakaisuji logo.png - Via trackage rights Hankyu Senri Line 1969 - 13.6 km 11[Note 6]
Hankyu Kyoto Line 1969[Note 7] - 41.1 km 22[Note 8]
K Line 6 Sakaisuji Line 1969 1993 8.5 km 10
  Tsurumiryokuchi.png N Line 7 Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line 1990 1997 15.0 km 17
  Imazatosuji.png I Line 8 Imazatosuji Line 2006 - 11.9 km 11
TOTAL (Subway only – not incl. trackage rights portions): 129.9 km 123
Automated people mover
  Newtram logo.png P - Nankō Port Town Line 南港ポートタウン線 1997[Note 9] - 0.7 km 1[Note 10]
1981[Note 11] 2005 7.2 km 9
TOTAL (Subway, incl. People Mover): 137.8 km[1] 133[1]
Table notes
  1. ^ Including Esaka Station
  2. ^ Owned by Osaka Port Transport System between Cosmosquare Station and Osakakō Station
  3. ^ Including Osakakō Station
  4. ^ Between Osakakō Station and Nagata Station
  5. ^ Including Nagata Station
  6. ^ Including Tenjimbashisuji Rokuchōme Station
  7. ^ Between Awaji Station and Kawaramachi Station
  8. ^ Including Awaji Station
  9. ^ Owned by Osaka Port Transport System between Cosmosquare Station and Trade Center-mae Station
  10. ^ Including Trade Center-mae Station
  11. ^ Between Trade Center-mae Station and Suminoekoen Station

Planned line and extensions[edit]

In addition, there are four line extensions and one new line that are planned:

Line
color
Mark Line
number
Name Start Terminus Length
  Y Line 3 Yotsubashi Line Nishi-Umeda Jūsō 2.9 km
  S Line 5 Sennichimae Line Minami-Tatsumi towards Mito (TBD)
  N Line 7 Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line Taishō Tsurumachi Yonchōme (vicinity) 5.5 km
  I Line 8 Imazatosuji Line Imazato Yuzato Rokuchōme 6.7 km
(TBD) - Line 9 Shikitsu–Nagayoshi Line (provisional) Suminoekōen Kire-Uriwari 6.9 km

Fares[edit]

Ticket machines and fare maps at Shinsaibashi Station

Osaka Municipal Subway charges fares of between 180 yen and 370 yen for single rides for adult passengers based on distance traveled.[4] Some discount fares exist.

Section Rates (yen)[4]
Section 1 (1–3 km)
  • adults: 180 yen
  • children: 90 yen
Section 2 (4–7 km)
  • adults: 240 yen
  • children: 120 yen
Section 3 (8–13 km)
  • adults: 280 yen
  • children: 140 yen
Section 4 (14–19 km)
  • adults: 320 yen
  • children: 160 yen
Section 5 (20–25 km)
  • adults: 370 yen
  • children: 190 yen

1970 gas explosion[edit]

On April 8, 1970, a gas explosion occurred during the construction of the Tanimachi Line at Tenjimbashisuji Rokuchōme Station, killing 79 people and injuring 420.[5][6] The gas leaked out from a detached joint and filled the tunnel and exploded, creating a fire pillar of over 10 meters and destroyed 495 houses and buildings.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "営業線の概要" [Overview of operating lines] (in Japanese). 大阪市営交通局 [Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau]. Retrieved 2014-06-07. 
  2. ^ MiSoL ASP会員サービス・アプリケーション概要
  3. ^ http://www.mlit.go.jp/kisha/kisha07/01/010330_3/01.pdf
  4. ^ a b "Tickets". Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-07. 
  5. ^ "市会のあゆみ". Osaka City Council Website (in Japanese). Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  6. ^ Pulvers, Roger (4 November 2012). "Beware the parallels between boom-time Japan and present-day China". The Japan Times. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  7. ^ "Gas Explosion at a Subway Construction Site". Failure Knowledge Center. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 

External links[edit]