Osaka Municipal Subway
|Locale||Osaka and Keihanshin region, Japan|
|Number of lines||8 (+ 1 People Mover)|
|Number of stations||123
133 (incl. People Mover)
|Daily ridership||2,464,000 (FY2013)|
|Began operation||May 20, 1933|
|Operator(s)||Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau|
|System length||129.9 km (80.7 mi)
137.8 km (85.6 mi) (incl.
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||Third rail lines: 750 V DC, third rail
Sakaisuji Line and linear motor metro lines: 1,500 V DC, overhead lines
|Top speed||70 km/h (43 mph)|
Osaka Municipal Subway (大阪市営地下鉄 Ōsaka-shiei chikatetsu?) is the metro network in the city of Osaka (and also serving Higashiosaka, Kadoma, Moriguchi, Sakai, Suita, and Yao), Japan, forming an integral part of the extensive mass transit system of Greater Osaka (Kansai region), having 123 out of the 1,108 rail stations (2007) in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto region. In 2010 the greater Osaka region had 13 million rail passengers daily (see Transport in Keihanshin) of which the Osaka subway accounts for 2.29 million. It is operated by the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau. The Osaka Municipal Subway holds the distinction of being the only subway system in Japan to be legally classified as a tramway, whereas all other subway systems in Japan are legally classified as railways. Despite this, the Osaka Municipal Subway has characteristics typical of that of a full-fledged metro system.
Each station is numbered by the letter the train line starts with and a number, for example, Higobashi Station on the Yotsubashi Line is also known as Y12. All directional signs are written in Japanese and English. On trains, the next station, transfer lines and which side the door will open is automatically announced in Japanese, followed by and automated English announcement, which includes the station number. Local businesses near the next station are then announced in Japanese.
The Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line, Imazatosuji Line and Sennichimae Line all have platform screen doors. Unlike other rapid transits in Japan, Osaka Municipal Subway uses third rail system as its primary electric system for trains (lines that don't use third rail are the Sakaisuji Line, the Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line and the Imazatosuji Line which use overhead catenary).
The Osaka Municipal Subway's first service, the Midōsuji Line from Umeda to Shinsaibashi, opened in 1933. A proposal to privatize the Osaka subway was sent to the city government in February 2013, is still under consideration. The privatization would bring private investors to Osaka and could help revive Osaka's economy. The subway could be valued at over 600 billion yen.
Osaka Municipal Subway rolling stock is divided into conventional electric motored trains and linear motored trains.
- 10 series: Midōsuji Line
- 20 series: Chūō Line
- 21 series ("New 20 series"): Midōsuji Line
- 22 series ("New 20 series"): Tanimachi Line
- 23 series ("New 20 series"): Yotsubashi Line
- 24 series ("New 20 series"): Chūō Line (A variant of the 24 series is used on the Chūō Line in Osaka Port Transport System livery.)
- 25 series ("New 20 series"): Sennichimae Line
- 66 series: Sakaisuji Line
- 30000 series: Tanimachi Line and Midōsuji Line
Currently, there are eight subway lines, operating on 129.9 kilometers (80.7 mi) and serving 123 stations; there is also a 7.9-kilometer (4.9 mi) long, 10 station automated people mover line operated by the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau:
|M||Via trackage rights||Kitakyū Namboku Line||北大阪急行電鉄||1970||1970||5.9 km||4[Note 1]|
|Line 1||Midōsuji Line||1933||1987||24.5 km||20|
|T||Line 2||Tanimachi Line||1967||1983||28.1 km||26|
|Y||Line 3||Yotsubashi Line||1942||1970||11.4 km||11|
|C||Line 4||Chūō Line (Yumehanna)||1997[Note 2]||-||2.4 km||1[Note 3]|
|1961[Note 4]||1985||15.5 km||13|
|Via trackage rights||Kintetsu Keihanna Line (Yumehanna)||1986||2006||18.8 km||8[Note 5]|
|S||Line 5||Sennichimae Line||1969||1981||12.6 km||14|
|-||Via trackage rights||Hankyu Senri Line||1969||-||13.6 km||11[Note 6]|
|Hankyu Kyoto Line||1969[Note 7]||-||41.1 km||22[Note 8]|
|K||Line 6||Sakaisuji Line||1969||1993||8.5 km||10|
|N||Line 7||Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line||1990||1997||15.0 km||17|
|I||Line 8||Imazatosuji Line||2006||-||11.9 km||11|
|TOTAL (Subway only – not incl. trackage rights portions):||129.9 km||123|
|Automated people mover|
|P||-||Nankō Port Town Line||南港ポートタウン線||1997[Note 9]||-||0.7 km||1[Note 10]|
|1981[Note 11]||2005||7.2 km||9|
|TOTAL (Subway, incl. People Mover):||137.8 km||133|
- Table notes
- Including Esaka Station
- Owned by Osaka Port Transport System between Cosmosquare Station and Ōsakakō Station
- Including Ōsakakō Station
- Between Ōsakakō Station and Nagata Station
- Including Nagata Station
- Including Tenjimbashisuji Rokuchōme Station
- Between Awaji Station and Kawaramachi Station
- Including Awaji Station
- Owned by Osaka Port Transport System between Cosmosquare Station and Trade Center-mae Station
- Including Trade Center-mae Station
- Between Trade Center-mae Station and Suminoekoen Station
Planned line and extensions
In addition, there are four line extensions and one new line that are planned. However, on August 28, 2014, the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau met about creating the extensions of the later four of the five lines listed below, and have stated considering the current cost of the new extensions and the possibility of privatization, the government has also thought creating light rail transit or bus rapid transit instead.
|Y||Line 3||Yotsubashi Line||Nishi-Umeda||Jūsō||2.9 km|
|S||Line 5||Sennichimae Line||Minami-Tatsumi||towards Mito||(TBD)|
|N||Line 7||Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line||Taishō||Tsurumachi Yonchōme (vicinity)||5.5 km|
|I||Line 8||Imazatosuji Line||Imazato||Yuzato Rokuchōme||6.7 km|
|(TBD)||-||Line 9||Shikitsu–Nagayoshi Line (provisional)||Suminoekōen||Kire-Uriwari||6.9 km|
Osaka Municipal Subway charges fares of between 180 yen and 370 yen for single rides for adult passengers based on distance traveled. Some discount fares exist.
|Section 1 (1–3 km)||
|Section 2 (4–7 km)||
|Section 3 (8–13 km)||
|Section 4 (14–19 km)||
|Section 5 (20–25 km)||
1970 gas explosion
On April 8, 1970, a gas explosion occurred during the construction of the Tanimachi Line at Tenjimbashisuji Rokuchōme Station, killing 79 people and injuring 420. The gas leaked out from a detached joint and filled the tunnel and exploded, creating a fire pillar of over 10 meters and destroyed 495 houses and buildings.
- 営業線の概要 [Overview of operating lines] (in Japanese). 大阪市営交通局 [Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau]. Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- "交通局の予算・決算について" [For budget and balance sheet of Transportation Bureau] (in Japanese). 大阪市営交通局 [Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau]. Retrieved December 18, 2014.
- MiSoL ASP会員サービス・アプリケーション概要
- Kokudo Kōtsū Shō Tetsudō Kyoku (2005). Tetsudō Yōran (Heisei 17 Nendo) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Denkisha Kenkyūkai. p. 228. ISBN 4-88548-106-6.
- Rogers, Krista. "The most crowded train lines during rush hour in Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya are…". Rocket News 24. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- 大阪府内で働く人の通勤時間は「52分」――理想の路線は？. bizmakoto.jp (in Japanese). September 9, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- "Osaka subway's Sennichimae Line to have platform screen doors installed in every station Chinese translation to follow". Asian Public Transport. February 13, 2014. Retrieved September 8, 2014.
- "公営地下鉄在籍車数ビッグ３ 大阪市交通局 (One of the big three public subway operators: Osaka Municipal Subway)". Japan Railfan Magazine 49 (576): p.88–99. April 2009.
- Sato, Shigeru; Urabe, Emi (April 14, 2014). "Osaka City Plans Subway Operator Initial Offering to Chase Tokyo". Bloomberg News. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- 地下鉄４線延伸「採算厳しい」 有識者審議会. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). August 29, 2014. Retrieved September 1, 2014.
- "Tickets". Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- 市会のあゆみ. Osaka City Council Website (in Japanese). Retrieved August 3, 2014.
- Pulvers, Roger (November 4, 2012). "Beware the parallels between boom-time Japan and present-day China". The Japan Times. Retrieved August 3, 2014.
- "Gas Explosion at a Subway Construction Site". Failure Knowledge Center. Retrieved August 3, 2014.
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