Ōsaka Station

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Ōsaka Station
大阪駅
Osaka Station City.jpg
Osaka Station City
Location
Prefecture Osaka
(See other stations in Osaka)
City Osaka
Ward Kita
Neighborhood etc. 1-1 Umeda Sanchōme
(in Japanese) 大阪市北区梅田三丁目1-1
History
Year opened 1874
Rail services
Operator(s) JR West
Line(s) Via Tōkaidō Main Line
JR Kobe Line
JR Kyoto Line
JR Takarazuka Line
Via Osaka Loop Line
Osaka Loop Line
Yamatoji Line
JR Yumesaki Line
Aiga bus inv.svg Large bus terminal(s) attached to the station
Aiga railtransportation inv.svg Umeda, Higashi-Umeda, Nishi-Umeda and Kitashinchi stations connected

Ōsaka Station (大阪駅 Ōsaka-eki?) is a major railway station in the Umeda district of Kita-ku, Osaka, Japan, operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West). It forms the city's main rail terminal in the north.

Although it is officially served by only the JR Kobe/Kyoto Lines (Tōkaidō Main Line) and the Osaka Loop Line, Osaka is the starting point of JR Takarazuka Line service, and serves as the terminal for trains bound for the San'in region via JR Takarazuka Line and the Hokuriku region via JR Kyoto Line, while offering connections to trains bound for Nara, Wakayama and Kansai International Airport via the Osaka Loop Line.

Umeda Station (Hankyu, Hanshin, and Osaka Municipal Subway Midosuji Line), Nishi-Umeda Station (Subway Yotsubashi Line) and Higashi-Umeda Station (Subway Tanimachi Line) are directly connected to Ōsaka Station, and Kitashinchi Station on the JR Tōzai Line is within walking distance.

Ōsaka Station and Umeda Station, effectively part of the same complex, together constitute the busiest station in Western Japan, serving 2,343,727 passengers daily in 2005, and the fourth-busiest railway station in the world.[1]

Ōsaka Station also houses a large terminal for overnight bus services to other cities in Japan, and until March 2013 also had a nearby freight terminal complex, Umeda Freight Terminal, owned by JR Freight.

Station layout[edit]

North Gate Building and Osaka Grand Front under construction in early 2013
Osaka Station, October 2010
Commuter trains at Ōsaka Station

Osaka station is elevated above street level, on the second floor of the station complex. There are four concourses, corresponding to four sets of ticket gates: the Midosuji gates, serving as a transfer point to Hankyu and Subway Umeda Station and Higashi-Umeda Station; the Central gates, with access to Daimaru Umeda / Osaka Mitsukoshi-Isetan and Yodobashi Camera, and transfers to Hanshin Umeda and JR Kitashinchi Station; the Sakurabashi gates, with access to Herbis Osaka and Umeda Sky Building and transfers to Subway Nishi-Umeda Station; and the Bridge Gates, with direct access into Daimaru and Mitsukoshi-Isetan, as well as a bridge passage to Hankyu Umeda. The Midosuji concourse is on the lower level, with escalators and elevators leading directly to platforms; the Central concourse has both direct escalators and a mezzanine-level transfer passage connected by stairs; the Sakurabashi concourse has gates on ground level but is primarily on the mezzanine level, connected to the central concourse by a corridor; and the Bridge Gate is on the third level above the platforms, and connected by escalators and elevators.

Platforms and tracks are on the second floor. There were previously six island platforms and one side platform serving 13 tracks; the highest-numbered track was Track 11, as the Osaka Loop Line tracks were referred to as "Inner Loop" and "Outer Loop" only. In preparation for the construction of the new north building, the sixth platform was closed and the seventh was removed altogether; at the same time, the remaining platforms were renumbered so that Tracks 1 and 2 were for the Osaka Loop Line, and so on. The sixth platform reopened on 20 December 2009 and there became five island platforms and a side platform serving 11 tracks in total (up to the new Track 11—the old Track 9). The remainder of the old Track 11 platform, on the west side of the station, is now used as a pedestrian walkway linking the North Gate Building with its parking garage. There was originally a through track in between tracks 8 and 9, but it had been long disused; during the closure of Track 11, the platform for Tracks 9 and 10 was expanded and this track was used temporarily as Track 9. Since 12 October 2010, this track has been used permanently as Track 8 after the widening of the adjoining platform.

Platforms[edit]

1 Osaka Loop Line inner track (counter-clockwise)
for Nishikujo, Bentencho, Shin-Imamiya and Tennoji
JR Yumesaki Line for Universal City
Yamatoji Line for Ōji and Nara
Hanwa Line for Wakayama
Kansai Airport Line for Kansai Airport
2 Osaka Loop Line outer track (clockwise)
for Kyobashi, Tsuruhashi and Tennoji
3 JR Takarazuka Line
Fukuchiyama Line
for Takarazuka, Shin-Sanda, Sasayamaguchi and Fukuchiyama
limited express "Kounotori" for Fukuchiyama and Kinosaki Onsen
limited express "Super Hakuto" for Tottori and Kurayoshi
JR Kobe Line rapid services (weekday mornings) and special rapid services (weekday rush hours) for Sannomiya, Akashi and Himeji
4 JR Takarazuka Line
Fukuchiyama Line
for Takarazuka, Shin-Sanda, Sasayamaguchi and Fukuchiyama
limited express "Kounotori" for Fukuchiyama and Kinosaki Onsen
JR Kobe Line special rapid services for Sannomiya, Akashi and Himeji (weekday rush hours)
limited express "Hamakaze" for Kinosaki Onsen and Hamasaka
5 JR Kobe Line rapid services and special rapid services for Sannomiya, Akashi and Himeji
6 JR Kobe Line local trains for Tachibana and Koshienguchi
JR Takarazuka Line from the JR Kyoto Line (local trains) for Tsukaguchi and Inadera
7 JR Kyoto Line local trains for Shin-Ōsaka and Suita
8 JR Kyoto Line rapid services and special rapid services for Shin-Ōsaka, Takatsuki and Kyoto
9, 10 JR Kyoto Line rapid services (weekday mornings) and special rapid services (weekday rush hours) for Shin-Ōsaka, Takatsuki and Kyoto
10 limited express "Biwako Express" for Maibara
limited express "Twilight Express" for Sapporo
11 limited express "Thunderbird" for Kanazawa and Toyama
limited express "Shinano" for Matsumoto and Nagano
limited express "Hida" for Takayama
limited express "Sunrise Izumo"
"Sunrise Seto"
for Tokyo

Limited express trains[edit]

for the Hokuriku Line
for the Tokaido Line, the Chuo Line, the Takayama Line
  • Limited express Sunrise Izumo/Sunrise Seto (Takamatsu/Izumoshi → Tokyo) - Tokyo-bound train only
  • Limited express Shinano (Osaka - Nagano)
  • Limited express Hida (Osaka - Takayama)
  • Limited express Biwako Express (Osaka - Maibara)
for the Sanin region
for the north area of the Kansai region via the Fukuchiyama Line

Adjacent stations[edit]

« Service »
Tōkaidō Line (JR Kyoto Line, JR Kobe Line)
Shin-Ōsaka   Special Rapid   Amagasaki
Shin-Ōsaka   Rapid   Amagasaki
Shin-Ōsaka   Local
(Including through to and from the JR Takarazuka Line)
  Tsukamoto
Through to and from the Fukuchiyama Line (JR Takarazuka Line)
Terminus   Tambaji Rapid
Rapid
  Amagasaki
Terminus   Local trains returning at Osaka   Amagasaki
Osaka Loop Line
Temma All services Fukushima

History[edit]

1874 Building
1901 Building

Ōsaka Station opened on May 11, 1874 as one of first railway stations in the Kansai region when the railway between Osaka and Kobe started operation. It was electrified along with the Tōkaidō Main Line in 1934.

The existence of the station naturally made the area the primary transport hub of the city. Railways that set Ōsaka Station as the terminal or built their terminal around Ōsaka Station include Osaka Railway (present-day east half of the Osaka Loop Line) in 1895, Nishinari Railway (west half of the Osaka Loop Line) in 1898, Hanshin Electric Railway in 1906, Minoo Arima Electric Tramway (Hankyu Railway) in 1910, and Osaka Municipal Subway in 1933. The regional railways tended to name their stations Umeda, the name of area, rather than the city name.

The air raids in World War II flattened the blocks in front of the station. Immediately after the war the area turned into a huge black market, the atmosphere of which remained until the redevelopment in the 1970s.

The station building was rebuilt in 1901, 1940 and 1979 (north building). In 1983, a high-rise building, Acty Osaka, which housed a department store and a hotel, was added to the south of the station. A new north station building (the North Gate Building) was opened in 2011, coinciding with an expansion of Acty Osaka (now the South Gate Building) and major renovation of the station areas with a new concourse and north-south connection. This is the first step in a larger drive to redevelop the land used by JR Freight's Umeda Terminal, which is seen as the last undeveloped piece of real estate in the area. Plans also call for moving the Umeda Freight Line underground and establishing a terminal for the Osaka Higashi Line just north of ALBi, with an eye towards a future extension to JR Namba Station (thus alleviating delays on the Osaka Loop Line caused by Limited Express trains), though details have not yet been firmly decided.

Major renovation[edit]

Surrounding area[edit]

South Gate Building, 2011

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 34°42′6.87″N 135°29′41.92″E / 34.7019083°N 135.4949778°E / 34.7019083; 135.4949778