Osaka Municipal Subway
|Locale||Osaka and Keihanshin region, Japan|
|Number of lines||8 (+ 1 People Mover)|
|Number of stations||123
133 (incl. People Mover)
|Daily ridership||2,319,896 (FY2009)|
|Operator(s)||Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau|
|System length||129.9 km (80.7 mi)
137.8 km (85.6 mi) (incl.
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||Third rail lines: 750 V DC, third rail
Sakaisuji Line and linear motor metro lines: 1,500 V DC, overhead lines
|Top speed||70 km/h (43 mph)|
Osaka Municipal Subway (大阪市営地下鉄 Ōsaka-shiei chikatetsu?) is the metro network in the city of Osaka (and also serving Higashiosaka, Kadoma, Moriguchi, Sakai, Suita, and Yao), Japan, forming an integral part of the extensive mass transit system of Greater Osaka (Kansai region), having 123 out of the 1,108 rail stations (2007) in the Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto region. In 2010 the greater Osaka region had 13 million rail passengers daily (see Transport in Keihanshin) of which the Osaka subway accounts for 2.29 million. It is operated by Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau. Its first service, the Midōsuji Line from Umeda to Shinsaibashi, opened in 1933.
Unlike other rapid transits in Japan, Osaka Municipal Subway uses third rail system as its primary electric system for trains (lines that don't use third rail are the Sakaisuji Line, the Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line and the Imazatosuji Line which use overhead catenary).
Osaka Municipal Subway rolling stock is divided into conventional electric motored trains and linear motored trains.
- 10 series: Midōsuji Line
- 20 series: Chūō Line
- 21 series ("New 20 series"): Midōsuji Line
- 22 series ("New 20 series"): Tanimachi Line
- 23 series ("New 20 series"): Yotsubashi Line
- 24 series ("New 20 series"): Chūō Line (A variant of the 24 series is used on the Chūō Line in Osaka Port Transport System livery.)
- 25 series ("New 20 series"): Sennichimae Line
- 30 series: Tanimachi Line (from 1967)
- 66 series: Sakaisuji Line
- 30000 series: Tanimachi Line and Midōsuji Line
Currently, there are eight subway lines, operating on 129.9 kilometers (80.7 mi) and serving 123 stations; there is also a 7.9-kilometer (4.9 mi) long, 10 station automated people mover line operated by the Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau:
|M||Via trackage rights||Kitakyū Namboku Line||北大阪急行電鉄||1970||1970||5.9 km||4[Note 1]|
|Line 1||Midōsuji Line||1933||1987||24.5 km||20|
|T||Line 2||Tanimachi Line||1967||1983||28.1 km||26|
|Y||Line 3||Yotsubashi Line||1942||1970||11.4 km||11|
|C||Line 4||Chūō Line (Yumehanna)||1997[Note 2]||-||2.4 km||1[Note 3]|
|1961[Note 4]||1985||15.5 km||13|
|Via trackage rights||Kintetsu Keihanna Line (Yumehanna)||1986||2006||18.8 km||8[Note 5]|
|S||Line 5||Sennichimae Line||1969||1981||12.6 km||14|
|-||Via trackage rights||Hankyu Senri Line||1969||-||13.6 km||11[Note 6]|
|Hankyu Kyoto Line||1969[Note 7]||-||41.1 km||22[Note 8]|
|K||Line 6||Sakaisuji Line||1969||1993||8.5 km||10|
|N||Line 7||Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line||1990||1997||15.0 km||17|
|I||Line 8||Imazatosuji Line||2006||-||11.9 km||11|
|TOTAL (Subway only – not incl. trackage rights portions):||129.9 km||123|
|Automated people mover|
|P||-||Nankō Port Town Line||南港ポートタウン線||1997[Note 9]||-||0.7 km||1[Note 10]|
|1981[Note 11]||2005||7.2 km||9|
|TOTAL (Subway, incl. People Mover):||137.8 km||133|
- Table notes
- Including Esaka Station
- Owned by Osaka Port Transport System between Cosmosquare Station and Osakakō Station
- Including Osakakō Station
- Between Osakakō Station and Nagata Station
- Including Nagata Station
- Including Tenjimbashisuji Rokuchōme Station
- Between Awaji Station and Kawaramachi Station
- Including Awaji Station
- Owned by Osaka Port Transport System between Cosmosquare Station and Trade Center-mae Station
- Including Trade Center-mae Station
- Between Trade Center-mae Station and Suminoekoen Station
Planned line and extensions
In addition, there are four line extensions and one new line that are planned:
|Y||Line 3||Yotsubashi Line||Nishi-Umeda||Jūsō||2.9 km|
|S||Line 5||Sennichimae Line||Minami-Tatsumi||towards Mito||(TBD)|
|N||Line 7||Nagahori Tsurumi-ryokuchi Line||Taishō||Tsurumachi Yonchōme (vicinity)||5.5 km|
|I||Line 8||Imazatosuji Line||Imazato||Yuzato Rokuchōme||6.7 km|
|(TBD)||-||Line 9||Shikitsu–Nagayoshi Line (provisional)||Suminoekōen||Kire-Uriwari||6.9 km|
Osaka Municipal Subway charges fares of between 180 yen and 370 yen for single rides for adult passengers based on distance traveled. Some discount fares exist.
|Section 1 (1–3 km)||
|Section 2 (4–7 km)||
|Section 3 (8–13 km)||
|Section 4 (14–19 km)||
|Section 5 (20–25 km)||
1970 gas explosion
On April 8, 1970, a gas explosion occurred during the construction of the Tanimachi Line at Tenjimbashisuji Rokuchōme Station, killing 79 people and injuring 420. The gas leaked out from a detached joint and filled the tunnel and exploded, creating a fire pillar of over 10 meters and destroyed 495 houses and buildings.
- "営業線の概要" [Overview of operating lines] (in Japanese). 大阪市営交通局 [Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau]. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- MiSoL ASP会員サービス・アプリケーション概要
- "Tickets". Osaka Municipal Transportation Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- "市会のあゆみ". Osaka City Council Website (in Japanese). Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- Pulvers, Roger (4 November 2012). "Beware the parallels between boom-time Japan and present-day China". The Japan Times. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- "Gas Explosion at a Subway Construction Site". Failure Knowledge Center. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ōsaka Metro.|