Osborne Cowles

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Ozzie Cowles
Ozzie Cowles.jpg
Sport(s) Basketball
Biographical details
Born (1899-08-25)August 25, 1899
Browns Valley, Minnesota
Died August 29, 1997(1997-08-29) (aged 98)
Gainesville, Florida
Playing career
1918–1922 Carleton College
Position(s) Guard
Coaching career (HC unless noted)
1922–23
1923–1924
1924–1930
1932–1936
1936–1943
1944–1946
1946–1948
1948–1959
Rochester (MN) HS
Iowa State Teachers
Carleton
River Falls
Dartmouth
Dartmouth
Michigan
Minnesota
Head coaching record
Overall 416–189 (.688)
Accomplishments and honors
Championships
Three Midwest Conference championships
Seven Ivy League championships
Big Ten Conference championship (1948)
NCAA Basketball Championship game loser, 1942

Osborne Bryan "Ozzie" or "Ossie" Cowles (August 25, 1899 – August 29, 1997) was an American basketball player and coach. He was the head men's basketball coach at Carleton College (1924–1930), River Falls State Teachers College (now University of Wisconsin-River Falls) (1932–1936), Dartmouth College (1936–1946), University of Michigan (1946–1948), and University of Minnesota (1948–1959). He was also the head baseball coach and assistant basketball and football coach at Iowa State Teachers College, now the University of Northern Iowa during 1923–24. In 30 seasons as a collegiate head basketball coach, Cowles compiled a record of 416–189 (.688). His teams competed in the NCAA basketball tournament six times.[1] At the time of his retirement in 1959, Cowles ranked among the top 15 college basketball coaches of all-time by number of games won. He has been inducted into the Helms Foundation Hall of Fame, the Dartmouth "Wearers of the Green," the University of Minnesota "M" Club Hall of Fame, the Carleton College Hall of Fame, and the University of Wisconsin-River Falls Athletics Hall of Fame.

Early years[edit]

Cowles was born in Browns Valley, Minnesota. He was the son of Augustus and Elizabeth (Fowler) Cowles. His father was a druggist and farmer in Traverse County, Minnesota, near the South Dakota border.[2][3] In his draft registration card completed in September 1918, Cowles indicated that he was living at Browns Valley and working for his father as a farm laborer.[4]

Carleton College[edit]

Cowles attended Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota. While at Carleton, Cowles played basketball, baseball and football, winning a total of 11 varsity letters.[5] He was an All-State guard for the basketball team and was selected as the team captain during the 1920-21 and 1921-22 seasons. After Cowles scored 21 points against Coe College in 1921, The Coe College Cosmos praised his "whirlwind tactics in handling the ball" and noted, "Cowles is quick as a cat, powerful and heady—the personification of speed."[6] During the two years in which Cowles was the captain, the Carleton basketball team compiled records of 13–4 and 14–2.[7] He was also selected as an All-State halfback while playing for the Carleton football team.[7]

Coaching career[edit]

Rochester High School[edit]

After graduating from Carleton in 1922, Cowles began a coaching career that would last nearly 40 years. He began his coaching career as a high school coach in Rochester, Minnesota during the 1922-1923 season. In his first year as a coach, his Rochester team advanced to the semi-finals of the Minnesota state high school basketball tournament.[8] Interviewed in January 1923, Cowles declared that basketball was the greatest sport in America because more take part in the game than any other game. As proof, Cowles noted that 175 men and boys and about 60 women were regularly playing basketball in Rochester.[9]

Northern Iowa[edit]

During the 1923-1924 academic year, Cowles coached football, baseball and basketball at Iowa State Teachers College (now known as Northern Iowa University).[7][10] He was an assistant coach to the L. L. Mendenhall for the football and basketball teams and the head coach of the baseball team. In his one year as head baseball coach, he "turned out a team that won the Iowa conference championship" in 1924.[11]

Carleton College[edit]

In September 1924, Cowles accepted a position as the head basketball and baseball coach at his alma mater, Carleton College.[11] He served as the head basketball and baseball coach from 1924 to 1930.[12] In six years as head basketball coach, Cowles' teams compiled a 67–24 record for a .720 winning percentage. They won Midwest Conference championships in three of Cowles' six seasons as head coach.[7][12] At one point, Cowles' Carleton teams won 32 consecutive games on their home court and 48 out of 52 games overall.[7][8]

In April 1930, Cowles quit his coaching position at Carleton to accept a position with a Minneapolis bond firm.[12][13] At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Osborne was living in Northfield, Minnesota and listed his occupation as bond salesman.[14]

Wisconsin-River Falls[edit]

In November 1932, Cowles was hired by the River Falls State Teachers College, now known as the University of Wisconsin-River Falls.[15][16] Cowles was the athletic director and head baseball, football and basketball coach at River Falls from 1932 to 1936. His 1936 River Falls basketball team won a conference title.[17] He compiled a 32-28 record in three years as the basketball coach at River Falls.[18]

Dartmouth and Navy[edit]

In March 1936, Cowles was hired as the head basketball coach at Dartmouth College.[10][19] Fritz Crisler, who was the football and basketball coach at Princeton University at the time, had seen Cowles' teams at Carleton College and recommended Cowles for the coaching position at Dartmouth.[20] (Ten years later, Crisler hired Cowles as Michigan's basketball coach.) Cowles was also the head coach of the freshman football team at Dartmouth.[21]

Cowles was the head coach of the Dartmouth basketball team from 1936 to 1943 and 1944 to 1946.[22] In his eight seasons as head coach, Dartmouth's basketball teams won the Ivy League championship seven times and finished in second place the other year. He compiled a record of 144-47 (.754) at Dartmouth.[7] Dartmouth also advanced to the NCAA basketball tournament four consecutive years during his tenure from 1941 to 1944.[23]

In March 1942, Cowles led Dartmouth to a 47-28 victory over Kentucky to win the East Championship,[23] and the team advanced to the NCAA Basketball Championship game against Stanford at Kansas City, Missouri.[24][25] The championship game pitted Cowles against Stanford coach, Everett Dean, who had coached Cowles at Carleton College. Dean recalled prior to the championship game that Cowles was "one of the best guards to play under me."[24] Dartmouth lost to Stanford in the championship game 53-38.[23]

In March 1943, Cowles stepped down from his coaching position due to service in the United States Navy.[26][27] He held the rank of lieutenant during World War II, serving with the Naval Aviation Selection Board.[28] In March 1944, while Cowles was fulfilling his military obligation, his Dartmouth basketball team returned to the NCAA championship game, losing a close game to Utah, 42-40, in overtime.[23]

After 22 months of service, Cowles received his honorable discharge from the Navy in December 1944 and returned to his head coaching duties at Dartmouth in January 1945.[29] In February 1946, Cowles led Dartmouth to its eight Ivy League basketball championship in nine years with a 47-27 victory over Columbia.[30]

Michigan[edit]

In August 1946, Cowles was hired as the head basketball coach at the University of Michigan, succeeding Bennie Oosterbaan.[31] Upon hiring Cowles, Michigan's athletic director Fritz Crisler said, "In recommending Mr. Cowles, I feel that we are very fortunate. He is absolutely in my estimation the best possible man for the position we could select."[20] In his first year at Michigan, he led the team to a 12–8 record.[32] The following year, he led the 1947-48 to a 16–6 (.727) record.[32] The team won the 1948 Big Ten Conference championship. In February 1948, as Cowles led the Wolverines to a turnaround season, the press focused on Cowles' success in Ann Arbor. The Toledo Blade sports editor wrote:

"Win, lose or draw in the red hot scramble for the Western Conference basketball title, the University of Michigan team has done so surprisingly well this season that Coach Ozzie Cowles is getting as much applause on the Ann Arbor campus as came to Fritz Crisler after the football season. Michigan for years has prided itself on its well rounded athletic program. ... But until Cowles was lured away from Dartmouth to take charge of the Wolverine cagers, basketball wasn't going too well at Michigan. ... Those who should know what they are talking about say that Michigan is winning this year, not because of any great supply of sterling cage performers, but because of the personality and coaching finesse of Cowles."[33]

Following the 1947-48 season, Cowles received the Coach of the Year award at Michigan.[1]

Minnesota[edit]

In May 1948, Minnesota hired Cowles away from Michigan.[34][35] He coached the Gophers from 1948 through 1959. In his first season at Minnesota, Cowles led the basketball team to an 18-3 record (.857) and a No. 6 ranking in the final AP poll.[32] He compiled a 148-93 record at Minnesota, though "he was never able to find the championship touch that he worked at Dartmouth, Michigan and earlier at Carleton College."[36] Despite the lack of championships, his tenure at Minnesota has been described by some as the "golden age" of the program.[37]

At Minnesota, Cowles had a defensive focus, taught "control basketball" and was "often criticized by Big Ten opponents for using a deliberate style of play."[36][38] In 1957, he was in the minority in opposing the introduction of a 30- or 24-second rule to college basketball, arguing that "it makes teams take shots they shouldn't take."[39] When Cowles introduced his control-oriented game at Minnesota in 1949, the style was deemed anachronistic and became "the main topic of conversation among net fans in the midlands."[40] In February 1949, the Long Beach Press Telegram ran a lengthy feature story on Cowles' strategy. The article noted:

"Ossie Cowles has put the brakes on basketball in the Western Conference, and speculation is rife over whether the hardwood sport has seen the limit, for the time being at least, of the 'fire department' style which sent scores soaring and left fans, players and coaches breathless. Coach Cowles finds himself in a storm center."[40]

Earlier, Cowles had been an outspoken opponent of a 1950 rule limiting a fouled player to one free-throw if he was not fouled in the act of shooting. Believing the odds were better, Cowles ordered his team to refuse all free-throws (and instead opt for a jump ball as was permitted under the rules at that time) in a game against Michigan State.[41][42] Despite losing to Michigan State and being "hooted" by fans, Cowles ordered his players to follow the same strategy in several additional games.[42]

In his final two seasons at Minnesota, the program had losing records of 9-12 in 1957-58 and 8-14 in 1958-1959.[32] In March 1959, "amid growing anti-Cowles talk among Gopher fans," Cowles resigned his head coaching job at Minnesota. He was age 57 when he retired.[36]

In 30 seasons as a collegiate head basketball coach, Cowles compiled a record of 416–189 (.688).[43] At the time of his retirement, he ranked among the top 15 coaches in college basketball history, trailing only Adolph Rupp, Phog Allen, Edgar Diddle, Henry Iba, Slats Gill, Fred Enke, Tony Hinkle, Harold Anderson, Jack Friel, Taps Gallagher and Nibs Price.[43]

Family, honors and later years[edit]

Cowles was married to Luella Elizabeth Kaus in Saint Paul, Minnesota at Peoples Church on March 12, 1922.[44] They had two children, Roxanne and David Cowles.[14] Following the death of his first wife, Cowles was remarried to Edris Cowles.[1] Cowles reportedly "built up considerable wealth" through business interests outside basketball, including a large farm in western Minnesota and an ownership interest in a chain of formal wear stores.[36]

After retiring from coaching, Cowles moved to El Paso, Texas where he lived throughout the 1960s and 1970s.[43][45] He was a member of Quinn and Co. in El Paso and was active in the exploration and production of natural gas.[1][45] He also became a regular at Texas Western College (now known as University of Texas at El Paso) basketball games.[41]

Cowles has been induced into the Helms Foundation Hall of Fame,[7] the Dartmouth "Wearers of the Green,"[46] the University of Minnesota M Club Hall of Fame,[47] the Carleton College Hall of Fame,[7] and the University of Wisconsin-River Falls Athletics Hall of Fame.[17] He was also honored by the National Association of Basketball Coaches as the fifth recipient of the Hillyard Golden Anniversary Award in 1983,[48] and with the Metropolitan Award in 1993.[49]

In August 1997, Cowles died at Gainesville, Florida at age 98.[50] He was preceded in death by wives, Louella and Edris, and his son, David. He was survived by his third wife, Georgia, daughter, Roxanne, and step-daughter, Janet Gharrity.[1]

Head coaching record[edit]

Season Team Overall Conference Standing Postseason
Carleton Knights (Midwest Collegiate Athletic Conference) (1924–1930)
1924–25 Carleton 9–8
1925–26 Carleton 7–7
1926–27 Carleton 12–5
1927–28 Carleton 13–1
1928–29 Carleton 12–3
1929–30 Carleton 14–2
Carleton: 67–26 (.713)
Wisconsin–River Falls Falcons (Wisconsin Intercollegiate Athletic Conference) (1932–1936)
1932–33 Wisconsin–River Falls 4–7
1933–34 Wisconsin–River Falls 9–7
1934–35 Wisconsin–River Falls 10–7
1935–36 Wisconsin–River Falls 9–7
Wisconsin–River Falls: 32–28 (.533)
Dartmouth Big Green (Eastern Intercollegiate Basketball League) (1936–1943)
1936–37 Dartmouth 14–8 8–4 2nd
1937–38 Dartmouth 20–5 8–4 1st
1938–39 Dartmouth 18–5 10–2 1st
1939–40 Dartmouth 15–6 11–1 1st
1940–41 Dartmouth 19–5 10–2 1st NCAA Elite Eight
1941–42 Dartmouth 22–4 10–2 1st NCAA Runner–up
1942–43 Dartmouth 20–3 11–1 1st NCAA Elite Eight
Dartmouth Big Green (Eastern Intercollegiate Basketball League) (1944–1945)
1944–45 Dartmouth 6–8 2–4 3rd
Dartmouth: 147–47 (.758) 70–20 (.778)
Michigan Wolverines (Big Ten Conference) (1946–1948)
1946–47 Michigan 12–8 6–6 5th
1947–48 Michigan 16–6 10–2 1st NCAA Elite Eight
Michigan: 28–14 (.667) 16–8 (.667)
Minnesota Golden Gophers (Big Ten Conference) (1948–1959)
1948–49 Minnesota 18–3 9–3 2nd
1949–50 Minnesota 13–9 4–8 T–6th
1950–51 Minnesota 13–9 7–7 T–4th
1951–52 Minnesota 15–7 10–4 3rd
1952–53 Minnesota 14–8 11–7 T–3rd
1953–54 Minnesota 17–5 10–4 T–3rd
1954–55 Minnesota 15–7 10–4 T–2nd
1955–56 Minnesota 11–11 6–8 T–6th
1956–57 Minnesota 14–8 9–5 T–3rd
1957–58 Minnesota 9–12 5–9 T–8th
1958–59 Minnesota 8–14 5–9 9th
Minnesota: 147–93 (.613) 86–68 (.558)
Total: 421–208 (.669)

      National champion  
      Conference regular season champion         Conference regular season and conference tournament champion
      Division regular season champion       Division regular season and conference tournament champion
      Conference tournament champion

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Osborne Bryan "Ozzie" Cowles". The Facts, Clute, Texas. September 9, 1997. 
  2. ^ Ancestry.com. 1900 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Folsom, Traverse, Minnesota; Roll: T623_794; Page: 3B; Enumeration District: 284. (druggist)
  3. ^ Ancestry.com. Minnesota Territorial and State Censuses, 1849-1905 [database on-line]. Census date 6 June 1905. (farmer)
  4. ^ Draft Registration Card completed by Osborne Bryan Cowles, September 1918. Ancestry.com. World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918 [database on-line]. Registration Location: Traverse County, Minnesota; Roll: 1682692; Draft Board: 0.
  5. ^ Perlstein, Steve. Gopher Glory: 100 Years of University of Minnesota Basketball. Minneapolis: Layers Publishing, 1996, pg. 34
  6. ^ "Fast Northern Crew Here for Game Tomorrow: Coe Fans Will Have Chance to See Powerful Carleton Five Tomorrow Night". The Coe College Cosmos. February 10, 1922. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Osborne Cowles: Class of 1922: Basketball, Baseball and Football". Carleton College. 
  8. ^ a b Ed Sainsbury (December 25, 1946). "New Michigan Cage Coach Is Planning for the Future". The Telegraph Herald (UP story). 
  9. ^ "Takes 3 Years To Develop Cage Star". The Des Moines Capital. January 28, 1923. 
  10. ^ a b "Dolly Stark All Through As Hoop Mentor, Dartmouth". The Lewiston Daily Sun. March 27, 1936. ("After coaching football, baseball, and basketball at Iowa State Teachers College, he returned to Carleton, where he directed those three sports for six years.")
  11. ^ a b "Cowles Accepts Post at Carleton College". Waterloo Evening Courier. September 4, 1924. 
  12. ^ a b c "Cowles of Carleton Resigns". The Milwaukee Journal. April 13, 1930. 
  13. ^ "CARLS' CAGE COACH: Basketball Loses Successful Mentor as Carleton Man Enters Business". The Bismarck Tribune. April 12, 1930. 
  14. ^ a b Census listing for Osborne B. Cowles, age 30, born in Minnesota. Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Census Place: Northfield, Rice, Minnesota; Roll: 1124; Page: 4B; Enumeration District: 20; Image: 928.0.
  15. ^ "CARLETONIAN IS NEW COACH: Osborne Cowles Is Hired By River Falls". Manitowoc Herald Times. November 26, 1932. 
  16. ^ "Osborne Cowles Is Given New Position". The Telegraph Herald. November 27, 1932. 
  17. ^ a b "1985 Hall of Fame Inductee". University of Wisconsin-River Falls. 
  18. ^ "Coaching Records". University of Wisconsin-River Falls. 
  19. ^ "Cowles Succeeds Stark As Coach at Dartmouth". The New York Times. March 27, 1936. 
  20. ^ a b "Name New Cage Coach: Ozzie Cowles Will Take Over at Michigan". The Windsor Daily Star. August 3, 1946. 
  21. ^ "M'LAUGHRY NAMES DARTMOUTH STAFF; Bevan, Former Tulane Mentor, and Barclay to Coach the Linemen at Hanover EWART A BACKFIELD AIDE He and Cassiano Will Divide Duties -- Manske Picked for Post at Holy Cross". The New York Times. February 26, 1941. 
  22. ^ "Men's Basketball Year by Year". Dartmouth College. 
  23. ^ a b c d "The NCAA Tourney". Dartmouth Sports. 
  24. ^ a b "Stanford Meets Dartmouth Five for NCAA Title". Ellensburg Daily Record. March 23, 1942. 
  25. ^ "Dartmouth in Kansas City for Title Game". Chicago Daily Tribune. March 27, 1942. 
  26. ^ "Navy Commissions Cowles". The New York Times. March 12, 1943. 
  27. ^ "Dartmouth Gets New Head Coach". The Milwaukee Journal. June 14, 1943. 
  28. ^ "Sports Writers', Coaches Lunch With Navy Today". Meriden Record. April 12, 1943. 
  29. ^ "NAVY DISCHARGES COWLES; Basketball Coach Will Resume Post at Dartmouth on Jan. 1". The New York Times. December 21, 1944. 
  30. ^ "DARTMOUTH DOWNS COLUMBIA BY 47-27; Big Green Five Wins League Title for Eighth Time in 9 Years--Myers Is Star". The New York Times. February 17, 1946. 
  31. ^ "Michigan Picks Hoops Coach". Spokane Daily Chronicle (AP story). August 3, 1946. 
  32. ^ a b c d "Ozzie Cowles". SR/College Basketball. 
  33. ^ Bob French (February 24, 1948). "Michigan Shouts Cowles' Praise". Toledo Blade. 
  34. ^ "COWLES GETS NEW POST; Will Leave Michigan to Coach Quintet at Minnesota". The New York Times. May 15, 1948. 
  35. ^ "MINNESOTA APPOINTS COWLES OF MICHIGAN BASKETBALL COACH". Chicago Daily Tribune. May 15, 1948. 
  36. ^ a b c d "Ozzie Cowles Quits Post at Minnesota: Cage Coach Resigns After 11 Seasons; Kundla Mentioned as Successor". The Milwaukee Journal. March 1959. 
  37. ^ Hugunin, Mark and Stew Thornley. Minnesota Hoops: Basketball in the North Star State. St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2006, pg. 76
  38. ^ Hugunin and Thornley, pg. 77
  39. ^ "Three Top Coaches in Favor of 'Second Rule'". The News and Courier (AP story). December 21, 1957. 
  40. ^ a b "Era of More Deliberate Basketball Looms as Ossie Cowles Sets Style". Long Beach (Calif.) Press-Telegram. February 1949. 
  41. ^ a b Bob Ingram (March 2, 1964). "Ye Olde Days". El Paso Herald-Post. 
  42. ^ a b "Basketball Mastermind -- Red Cheeks Mean Strategy". Oxnard Press-Courier (UP story). January 2, 1953. 
  43. ^ a b c Bob Ingram (January 6, 1970). "Cowles Among Top 20 Coaches". El Paso Herald-Post. 
  44. ^ Certificate of Marriage, People's Church, St. Paul, MN
  45. ^ a b "Cowles Honored". El Paso Herald-Post. October 23, 1976. 
  46. ^ "Coaches Inducted Into Wearers of the Green". Dartmouth Sports. 
  47. ^ "M Club Hall of Fame Members". University of Minnesota M Club. 
  48. ^ "Metropolitan Award". National Association of Basketball Coaches. 
  49. ^ "Hillyard Golden Anniversary Award". National Association of Basketball Coaches. 
  50. ^ Entry for Osborne Bryan Cowles, born 25 Aug 1899, died 29 Aug 1997. Ancestry.com. Florida Death Index, 1877-1998 [database on-line]. Original data: State of Florida. Florida Death Index, 1877-1998. Florida: Florida Department of Health, Office of Vital Records, 1998.