|Francis Oscar Callaway|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's Twelfth district
|Preceded by||Oscar W. Gillespie|
|Succeeded by||James Clifton Wilson|
Harmony Hill (Nip-and-Tuck), Rusk County, Texas
|Committees||Committee on Expenditures in the Treasury
Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Interior
Born on October 2, 1872, in Harmony Hill (Nip-and-Tuck), Rusk County, Texas, Callaway moved with his parents to Comanche County in 1876. He attended the University of Texas at Austin from 1897 to 1899 and graduated from its law department in 1900. He was admitted to the bar the same year and served as prosecuting attorney of Comanche County from 1900 to 1902. On December 29, 1904, he married Stella Couch. He served as delegate to Democratic State conventions in 1896, 1898, 1900-1916, and 1920-1926.
He returned to his ranch near Comanche, Texas, where he engaged in agricultural pursuits and stock raising, and also in the practice of law in Comanche. He died in Comanche, Texas, January 31, 1947, and was interred in Oakwood Cemetery in Comanche.
U.S. Representative, 1911-1917
Callaway served on the Committee on Expenditures in the Treasury Department 1912-1913, the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Interior 1914-1915, and then the Naval Affairs Committee for the remainder of his incumbency. Callaway's tenure was marked by outspoken fiscal conservatism and sharp questioning of every federal expenditure. This included vigorous opposition to huge river and harbor appropriations bills such as making the Trinity and Brazos rivers navigable.
Callaway came to national attention in 1916 with his opposition to the naval appropriation bill. He believed that a civilian army could repel any invasion, that battleships had been made obsolete by submarines, and that the military expenditures called for by the Preparedness Movement unduly favored munition makers. Some of his strong words against other congressmen on the subject were expunged from the Congressional Record. In 1917 he charged that leading business interests were purchasing newspapers to advance the preparedness campaign, which led his colleague J. Hampton Moore to call for an investigation. His opposition to preparedness was a major factor in his loss of the renomination bid to James Clifton Wilson, and he retired to Comanche on March 3, 1917.
- Oscar Callaway at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Miller TL. CALLAWAY, FRANCIS OSCAR. The Handbook of Texas Online.
- Special to the New-York Times. (February 14, 1917). Moore Asks for Inquiry Into Charges on Preparedness Campaign. New York Times.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.