Oscar M. Laurel

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Oscar Manuel Laurel, Sr.
Texas State Representative from District 80 (Webb County)
In office
1957–1961
Preceded by William W. "Bill" Allen
Succeeded by Vidal M. Trevino
District Attorney of Webb, Zapata and Dimmit counties
In office
1961–1967
President of the League of United Latin American Citizens
In office
1955–1956
Preceded by Frank Pinedo
Succeeded by Felix Tijerina
Personal details
Born (1920-06-08)June 8, 1920
Laredo, Webb County
Texas, USA
Died March 29, 2001(2001-03-29) (aged 80)
Laredo, Texas
Resting place Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Laredo, Texas
Nationality Hispanic-American
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Elsa Gonzalez Laurel
Children Oscar M. Laurel, Jr.
Residence Laredo, Texas
Alma mater Martin High School

Loyola University New Orleans
University of Texas at Austin
South Texas College of Law

Occupation Attorney; Banker; Rancher
Religion Roman Catholic
Military service
Service/branch United States Army Air Corps
Rank Staff sergeant; airplane mechanic
Battles/wars World War II

Oscar Manuel Laurel, Sr. (June 8, 1920–March 29, 2001), was an attorney, businessman, and Hispanic Democratic politician from Laredo, Texas, whose legendary oratory excited his party's faithful.[citation needed] "He had a great talent for words," said Hector Garcia, a former Laurel business partner. Vidal M. Trevino, late superintendent of the Laredo Independent School District, agreed. Trevino called Laurel "the best orator we have ever had."[1] Laurel was one of five Laredoans to have served as president of the Hispanic interest group, the League of United Latin American Citizens, having been president of the organization for 1955–1956.[2]

Early life[edit]

Laurel was born in heavily Hispanic and Democratic Laredo in south Texas. He graduated in 1937 from Martin High School. He married the former Elsa Gonzalez, who was a descendant from one of the founders of Laredo.[1] The couple had a son and a daughter.

Laurel thereafter graduated from the Catholic-affiliated Loyola University in New Orleans.[3] He then entered the United States Army Air Corps, in which he served from 1941 to 1945. He was an airplane mechanic on B-17s and B29s and attained the rank of staff sergeant. After military service in World War II, Laurel enrolled in a pre-law curriculum at the University of Texas at Austin. He then completed his legal studies at the South Texas College of Law in Houston. He opened his law practice in Laredo in 1948.[2]

Political career[edit]

Laurel launched his own political career in 1956, with election to the Texas House of Representatives, where he served two terms from the 80th District. He joined Kika de la Garza of Hidalgo County as the only two Hispanics in the Texas House from 1957 to 1959. In the House, Laurel also opposed a bill that would have made the mind-altering drug peyote an "unlawful dangerous substance".[1]

In 1960, rather than seeking a third term in the legislature, Laurel was elected district attorney of Webb, Zapata, and Dimmit counties. He had already been a special investigator for the DA's office from 1952-1956. He was reelected in 1964 but left the position in 1967, when he accepted an appointment from U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson to the National Transportation Safety Board. Laurel remained on the board through 1972, under Johnson's successor, Richard M. Nixon.[1]

In 1973, Laurel was named executive director of the International Good Neighbor Council, a nonprofit organization founded in 1954 to promote goodwill and friendship between the United States and Mexico. The main council office is in Monterrey, Mexico. Laurel headed the organization until 1975; thereafter, he was the president of the council. He was also a former member of the National Advisory Council on Rural Poverty.[4]

Personal life and death[edit]

Laurel was also a rancher and a banker. He and his son founded Falcon International Bank in Laredo, one of the largest Hispanic-owned banks in the nation.[1] He was affiliated with Rotary International and the Optimist Club, which he headed in Laredo from 1977 to 1978. He was a member of the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis.[2]

Laurel died of a lingering illness at a Laredo hospital. A funeral mass was held at St. Patrick's Catholic Church, and interment followed in the Calvary Catholic Cemetery in Laredo.[1] He is honored with his bust in the lobby of the Webb County Courthouse in Laredo, along with that of a subsequent district attorney, Charles Robert Borchers, who served from 1973 to 1980.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Arambula, Odie (2001-03-30). "Civic leader Laurel dies at 80". Laredo Morning Times. p. 1. 
  2. ^ a b c "Past Presidents: Oscar M. Laurel". League of United Latin American Citizens. 
  3. ^ Somos Primos
  4. ^ PRINCIPAL-HOME - www.cibv-ignc.org
  5. ^ Laurel bust inscription, Webb County Courthouse, Laredo, Texas
Preceded by
William W. "Bill" Allen
Member of the Texas House of Representatives
from District 80 (Laredo)

1957–1961
Succeeded by
Vidal M. Trevino
Preceded by
Frank Pinedo
President of the interest group, League of United Latin American Citizens
1955–1956
Succeeded by
Felix Tijerina