Robertson v. National Basketball Association
Robertson v. National Basketball Association, 556 F.2d 682 (2d Cir. 1977), was an antitrust lawsuit filed by American basketball player Oscar Robertson against the National Basketball Association. Filed in 1970, the lawsuit was settled in 1976 and resulted in the free agency rules now used in the NBA.
Robertson sought through his lawsuit to block any merger of the NBA with the American Basketball Association, to end the option clause that bound a player to a single NBA team in perpetuity, to end the NBA's college draft binding a player to one team, and to end restrictions on free agent signings. The suit also sought damages for NBA players for past harm caused by the option clause.
The court issued an injunction against any merger. The ABA-NBA merger was thus delayed until 1976.
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In 1972, Congress came close to enacting legislation to enable a merger but the measure was not passed. As a result, the two leagues did not merge until 1976.
Although he wasn't playing anymore, Robertson was not out of sight. As president of the NBA players union, Oscar Robertson's 1970 suit against the NBA contended the draft, option clause and other rules restricting player movement were violations of antitrust laws. The suit was settled in 1976, when the league agreed to let players become free agents in exchange for their old team's "right of first refusal" to match any offer they might receive.
- Robertson, Oscar (December 24, 2011), "N.B.A. Should Honor Its History and Learn From It", The New York Times