Oschiri

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Oschiri
Comune
Comune di Oschiri
Romanesque church of Nostra Signora di Castro, once a cathedral
Romanesque church of Nostra Signora di Castro, once a cathedral
Oschiri is located in Italy
Oschiri
Oschiri
Location of Oschiri in Italy
Coordinates: 40°43′N 9°6′E / 40.717°N 9.100°E / 40.717; 9.100Coordinates: 40°43′N 9°6′E / 40.717°N 9.100°E / 40.717; 9.100
Country Italy
Region Sardinia
Province Province of Olbia-Tempio (OT)
Frazioni San Leonardo
Area
 • Total 215.5 km2 (83.2 sq mi)
Population (Dec. 2004)
 • Total 3,696
 • Density 17/km2 (44/sq mi)
Demonym Oschiresi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 07027
Dialing code 079

Oschiri (Gallurese: Óscari, Sardinian: Oscheri) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Olbia-Tempio in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 170 kilometres (110 mi) north of Cagliari and about 40 kilometres (25 mi) southwest of Olbia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 3,696 and an area of 215.5 square kilometres (83.2 sq mi).[1]

The municipality of Oschiri contains the frazione (subdivision) San Leonardo.

Oschiri borders the following municipalities: Alà dei Sardi, Berchidda, Buddusò, Ozieri, Pattada, Tempio Pausania, Tula.

Bishopric of Castro[edit]

Within the comune of Oschiri is the church of Nostra Signora di Castro, which was once the cathedral of a diocese centred on the now disappeared town of Castro. The diocese doubtless dates back to Byzantine times, but the earliest mention of a bishop of Castro is of 1116, when an unnamed bishop of the see assisted at the dedication of the Basilica di Saccargia. In the same century, its bishop Atto dedicated a church in the locality of Aneleto in 1164 and granted it in the following year to Camaldolese monks. Castro later decayed, and the bishop's residence was transferred to Bono. In 1503 the territory of Castro and that of two other dioceses were combined to form the new diocese of Alghero. Today what was the territory of Castro is part of that of Ozieri[2][3][4] and Castro itself, no longer a residential bishopric, is listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[5]

Demographic evolution[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 836
  3. ^ Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, Venice 1870, vol. XIII, pp. 145-146
  4. ^ Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 174; vol. 2, pp. XIX e 121; vol. 3, p. 158
  5. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 863