An Oshkosh M-ATV in July 2011
|Type||Mine-Resistant Ambush Protected|
|Place of origin||United States of America|
|Used by|| United States of America
United Arab Emirates
|Wars||War in Afghanistan|
|Designer||Oshkosh / Plasan|
|Weight||Curb weight: 27,500 lb (12,500 kg)
Gross weight: 32,500 lb (14,700 kg)
|Length||246.8 inches (6,270 mm)|
|Width||98.1 inches (2,490 mm)|
|Height||105 inches (2,700 mm)|
1× 7.62 mm (.308 in) M240 machine gun,
|Engine||7.2 liter inline-6 Caterpillar C7 turbodiesel
370 bhp; 925 lb-ft
|Payload capacity||4,000 pounds (1,800 kg)|
|Transmission||Allison 3500SP, 6-speed automatic with manumatic shifting|
|Suspension||4x4, TAK-4 independent suspension|
|320 miles (510 km)|
|Speed||65 miles per hour (105 km/h) (electronically limited)|
The Oshkosh M-ATV is an Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicle developed by the Oshkosh Corporation of Oshkosh, Wisconsin for the MRAP All Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV) program. It is designed to provide the same levels of protection as the larger and heavier previous MRAPs but with improved mobility and it is intended to replace M1114 HMMWVs.
The M-ATV utilizes the Medium Tactical Vehicle Replacement (MTVR) chassis and TAK-4 suspension with the Plasan designed armored hull developed for the Northrop Grumman/Oshkosh JLTV. The V-shaped Plasan armored hull offers protection for the occupants from IED attacks while the centrally inflated run-flat tires allow the M-ATV to travel at least 30 miles at 30 mph even if two tires lose pressure. The vehicle can also take a 7.62 mm round to its engine oil/coolant/hydraulic system and continue to drive for at least one kilometer. The Stat-X engine fire suppression system provides for further survivability. The Tak-4 suspension is coil sprung and fully independent, and offers 16 inches of travel. The M-ATV's roof mounted turret is capable of mounting weapons such as an M240 machine gun, a Mk 19 grenade launcher, an M2 Browning machine gun, a MILAN anti-tank guided missile, or a BGM-71 TOW anti-tank guided missile launcher. The roof weapons can be operated either from the turret by person or remotely inside the cabin with a CROWS remote weapon system. The M-ATV also features modern vehicle safety systems such as Traction control and anti-lock brakes in addition to modern creature comforts such as an HVAC system and power outlets for charging portable electronic devices. Unique among MRAP vehicles are the M-ATV's rear-hinged, aka, suicide doors.
In February 2015, Oshkosh Defense and Alliant Techsystems conducted a firing demonstration of the M230LF 30 mm chain gun on an M-ATV to demonstrate the viability and effectiveness of a medium caliber weapon system for light tactical vehicles. The live fire demonstration showcased improved accuracy in mobile engagements and improved lethality on the M-ATV using the gun, mounted on the R400S-Mk2, a 3-axis stabilized remote weapon station weighing less than 400 kg (880 lb). The addition of the 72.6 kg (160 lb) M230LF stabilized on the RWS provides mobile precise lethality, usually reserved for heavier combat vehicles, with exceptional off-road mobility and MRAP levels of protection.
Oshkosh Defense unveiled the MRAP All-Terrain Vehicle (M-ATV) Extended Wheel Base Medical (EXM) variant at the International Defense Exhibition and Conference (IDEX) 2015 (Feb. 22-26) in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. This variant of the M-ATV has enough interior capacity to simultaneously transport two litter-bound patients, two ambulatory patients, a medic, commander and driver. The M-ATV EXM’s customizable internal configuration also enables equipment to be accessed quickly by a centrally positioned medic.
At AUVSI 2013, Oshkosh announced it will integrate the TerraMax system onto the M-ATV to allow the vehicles to be converted into unmanned ground vehicles. The goal is to use the M-ATV as an unmanned platform for route clearance and counter-IED missions by engineers.
Originally one of five candidates down selected for the M-ATV (MRAP All Terrain Vehicle) program, the Oshkosh M-ATV was chosen on 30 June 2009 to be the sole winner of the contest. Oshkosh Corporation received an initial order for 2,244 vehicles in a contract worth US$1.06B.
According to the United States Marine Corps program officer for MRAP, Brigadier General Michael Brogan, the Oshkosh M-ATV was chosen because it had the best survivability and Oshkosh had the best technical and manufacturing capabilities of all the competitors. The Oshkosh bid was also the second cheapest. The first vehicles arrived in Afghanistan in October 2009 and were to be delivered by March 2010.
Additional contracts increased M-ATVs orders to 8,108 in September 2010. Beginning in 2009, 8,700 M-ATV vehicles were purchased by the U.S. Army, U.S. Marine Corps, and U.S. Special Operations Command for use in Afghanistan.
As part of the overall divestiture of the wartime MRAP fleet, the U.S. Government will keep about 5,600 M-ATVs, with some 250 vehicles for SOCOM. M-ATVs are being re-fitted at government depots upon their return from combat, with Oshkosh providing parts and technical expertise. The company is also working on a series of safety, survivability, and mobility upgrades for the vehicles, including suspension upgrades and a new communications suite for international customers that would allow them to integrate more and different radios onto the platforms.
The United Arab Emirates Army initially ordered 55 M-ATVs through a FMS sale in 2011. The UAE ordered another 750 M-ATVs in July 2012. These are to provide greater off-road mobility and crew protection for regional security and peace-keeping operations; users include the elite Presidential Guard. Deliveries were completed in August 2013.
In September 2014, the UAE requested another 44 M-ATVs from U.S. surplus stocks.
In January 2015, it was reported that the U.S. was to donate 308 Mine Resistant Ambush Protected (MRAP) vehicles to Uzbekistan under the Excess Defense Articles program. The MRAPs include M-ATV variants, Maxxpro Plus, and Cougar vehicles.
On 25 February 2015, Polish special forces received 45 Oshkosh M-ATVs. The handover ceremony took place in Cracow, Poland and the US Ambassador in Poland Stephen D. Mull participated in the event. Delivery of the MRAP vehicles was carried out within the framework of the Excess Defense Articles program, the standard way that the U.S. military gives leftover/surplus equipment to allies.
The M-ATV family includes two base variants with several sub-variants:
- M-ATV Standard - provides response and support capabilities
- M-ATV Standard Base (SXB)
- M-ATV Standard Upgrade (SXU)
- M-ATV Standard Special Forces (SXF)
- M-ATV Extended - provides increased capacity for additional troops and equipment to support a wider assortment of missions such as mounted infantry support, explosive ordnance support, and command-and-control
- M-ATV Extended Intervention (EXI)
- M-ATV Extended Engineer (EXE)
- M-ATV Extended Command (EXC)
- Oshkosh M-ATV brochure oshkoshdefense.com
- Oshkosh Defense is working on a deal with Saudi Arabia for the sale of M-ATV MRAP vehicles - Armyrecognition.com, 29 September 2013
- Tegler, Eric. "Oshkosh M-ATV - Specialty File". Car and Driver magazine, January 2010.
- Oshkosh Defense wins contract for upgrading US Army's MRAP All Terrain Vehicles - Armyrecognition.com, 15 December 2014
- "Oshkosh wins $1 billion contract for bomb-resistant trucks". marketwatch.com, July 1, 2009.
- Oshkosh, Orbital ATK, EOS unveiled strong integration capabilities during live fire demonstration - Armyrecognition.com, 19 February 2015
- "Oshkosh Defense Debuts M-ATV Tactical Ambulance at IDEX 2015". Oshkosh Defense. Retrieved Mar 3, 2015.
- Oshkosh Defense Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology Offers Safer Means for Conducting Route-Clearance Missions - Oshkosh Defense press release, 12 August 2013
- Pentagon ships new M-ATVs to Afghanistan cnet.com, October 1, 2009.
- M-ATV: A Win, at Last, for Oshkosh. Defense Industry Daily, 21 September 2010.
- M-ATV's to be in Afghanistan by October. aviationweek.com, July 1, 2009.
- Oshkosh to make new M-ATV. armytimes.com, July 1, 2009
- Delivering the most well-protected vehicle for the warfighter. defpro.com
- Cole, August "Oshkosh Wins $1.06 Billion Job for Mine-Resistant Trucks". Wall Street Journal (online), July 1, 2009.
- "M-ATV Production Nears End; Future Contracts Loom". defensenews.com, September 22, 2010.
- "Oshkosh Defense wins contract for upgrading US Army's MRAP All Terrain Vehicles". December 15, 2014.
- "UAE orders 750 M-ATVs". armyrecognition.com
- "Oshkosh Delivers M-ATVs to UAE". Defensenews.com, 24 September 2013.
- "SOFEX 2014: Oshkosh expands M-ATV range". Jane's Defence Weekly. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
- "United States approved major contract of MRAP vehicles for UAE". Armyrecognition.com, 27 September 2014.
- Saudi Arabia; Army negotiating MRAP buy - Dmilt.com, 27 September 2013.
- "Croatia takes delivery of 30 MRAP MaxxPro armoured donated by the United States Government". Armyrecognition.com, 10 April 2014.
- "US donates MRAPs to Uzbekistan". Jane's Defence Weekly. 23 January 2015. Retrieved Mar 5, 2015.
- "MRAPs for Somalia". strategypage.com. Retrieved 5 March 2015.
- "45 mine-resistant MRAP M-ATV vehicles, supplied by the US, were handed-off for the Polish Special Forces in Cracow". defence24.pl. Retrieved Mar 5, 2015.
- Oshkosh introduces M-ATV family of vehicles - Shephardmedia.com, 8 May 2014
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