Oskar Homolka

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Oskar Homolka
Oscar Homolka.jpg
Born Oskar Homolka
(1898-08-12)12 August 1898
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died 27 January 1978(1978-01-27) (aged 79)
Sussex, England, Great Britain
Occupation actor
Years active 1926–1976
Spouse(s)
Children Vincent and Laurence (Meyer)

Oskar Homolka (August 12, 1898 – January 27, 1978) was an Austrian film and theatre actor.[1] Homolka's strong accent when speaking English, his stocky appearance, bushy eyebrows and Slavic (Czech) name led many to believe he was Eastern European or Russian, but he was born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary.

Career[edit]

After serving in the Austro-Hungarian Army during World War I, Homolka attended the Imperial Academy of Music and the Performing Arts in Vienna and began his career on the Austrian stage. Success there led to work in the much more prestigious[according to whom?] German theatrical community in Munich where in 1924 he played Mortimer in the premiere of Brecht's play The Life of Edward II of England at the Munich Kammerspiele, and since 1925 in Berlin where he worked under Max Reinhardt.

Other stage plays in which Homolka performed during this period include: The first German performance of Eugene O'Neill's The Emperor Jones, 1924, Anna Christie, 1924, Boubouroche, 1925, Juarez and Maximilian, 1925–26, Her Young Boyfriend, 1925, The Jewish Widow, 1925, Stir, 1925, Mérimée and Courteline, 1926, Periphery, 1926, Neidhardt von Gneisenau, 1926, Dorothea Angermann, 1926–27, Der Revisor, 1926, Androcles and the Lion, 1926, Bonaparte, 1927, The Ringer and The Squeaker by Edgar Wallace, both 1927, Underworld, 1930, Today's Sensation, 1931, The Last Equipage, 1931, The Waterloo Bridge, 1931, Faust, 1932, Karl and Anna, Doctor's Dilemma, Pygmalion, Juno and the Paycock, and many Shakespearean plays including: A Midsummer Night's Dream, 1925, Troilus and Cressida, 1927, Richard III, King Lear, and Macbeth.[2] After his arrival in London, he continued to star on stage, including with Flora Robson in the play Close Quarters.[2]

Homolka, 1932

His first films were Die Abenteuer eines Zehnmarkscheines (The Adventures of a Ten Mark Note, 1926), Hokuspokus (Hocuspocus, 1930), and Dreyfus (The Dreyfus Case, 1930), Zwischen Nacht und Morgen (Between Night and Morning, 1930), Geheimdienst (Intelligence, 1931), Junge Liebe (Young Love, 1931), and Nachtkolonne (Night Column, 1932). According to Homolka's own account, he made at least thirty silent films in Germany and starred in the first talking picture ever made there.[2]

After the Nazi rise to power, Homolka moved to Britain, where he starred in the films Rhodes, Empire Builder, with Walter Huston, 1936; and Everything Is Thunder, with Constance Bennett, 1936.[2] Later, he was one of the many Austrian and specifically Viennese actors and theatrical people (many of them Jews) who fled Europe for the U.S.

In 1936, he appeared opposite Sylvia Sidney in Alfred Hitchcock's thriller Sabotage. Although he often played villains such as Communist spies and Soviet-bloc military officers or scientists, he was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his portrayal of the crusty, beloved uncle in I Remember Mama (1948).

He also acted with Ingrid Bergman in Rage in Heaven, with Marilyn Monroe in The Seven Year Itch, with Ronald Reagan in Prisoner of War, and with Katharine Hepburn in The Madwoman of Chaillot. He returned to England in the mid-1960s, to play the Soviet KGB Colonel Stok in Funeral in Berlin (1966) and Billion Dollar Brain (1967), opposite Michael Caine. His last film was the Blake Edwards romantic drama The Tamarind Seed in 1974.

In 1967 Homolka was awarded the Filmband in Gold of the Deutscher Filmpreis for outstanding contributions to German cinema.

His career in television included appearances in several episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents in 1957 and 1960.

Personal life[edit]

Homolka married four times:

  • His first wife was Grete Mosheim, a German actress of Jewish ancestry on her father's side. They married in Berlin on June 28, 1928, but divorced in 1937. She later married Howard Gould.
  • His second wife, Baroness Vally Hatvany (died 1938), was a Hungarian actress. They married in December 1937, but she died four months later.
  • In 1939, Homolka married socialite and photographer Florence Meyer (1911–1962), a daughter of The Washington Post owner, Eugene Meyer. They had two sons, Vincent and Laurence, but eventually divorced.
  • His last wife was actress Joan Tetzel whom he married in 1949. The marriage lasted until Tetzel's death in 1977.

Death[edit]

Oskar Homolka made his home in England after 1966. He died of pneumonia in Sussex, England, on January 27, 1978, just three months after the death of his fourth wife, actress Joan Tetzel. He was 79 years old. Both he and Joan Tetzel are buried in Christ Church Churchyard, Fairwarp, East Sussex, England. Their monument there is notable in having a pair of theatrical masks carved into the surface.[3]

Selected filmography[edit]

Year Film Role
1927 The Trial of Donald Westhof
1928 The Serfs Gouverneur Fürst Kurganow
The Prince of Rogues Antmann
The Green Alley Doctor Horner
1929 Masks Breitkopf
Revolt in the Reformatory Erzieher
1930 Dreyfus Major Walsin-Esterhazy
Hokuspokus Grandt
1931 Road to Rio Ricardo
1914 Sazanow
1932 Night Convoy André Carno
1936 Sabotage Mr. Verloc
Rhodes of Africa Paul Kruger
Everything Is Thunder Detective Gretz
1937 Ebb Tide Captain Jakob Therbecke
1940 Seven Sinners Antro
Comrade X Commissar Vasiliev
1941 The Invisible Woman Blackie Cole
Rage in Heaven Dr. Rameau
Ball of Fire Professor Gurkakoff
1943 Mission to Moscow Maxim Litvinov
1947 Code of Scotland Yard Desius Heiss
1948 I Remember Mama Uncle Chris
1949 Anna Lucasta Joe Lucasta
1950 The White Tower Andreas
1953 The House of the Arrow Inspector Hanaud
1954 Prisoner of War Colonel Biroshilov
1955 The Seven Year Itch Dr. Brubaker
1956 War and Peace Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov
1957 A Farewell to Arms Dr. Emerich
1958 The Key Captain Van Dam
1961 Mr. Sardonicus Krull
1962 Boys' Night Out Doctor Prokosch
The Wonderful World of the Brothers Grimm The Duke
1964 The Long Ships Krok
1965 Joy in the Morning Stan Pulaski
1966 Funeral in Berlin Colonel Stok
1967 Billion Dollar Brain Colonel Stok
The Happening Sam
1968 Assignment to Kill Inspector Ruff
1969 The Madwoman of Chaillot The Commissar
1970 The Executioner Racovsky
Song of Norway Engstrand
1974 The Tamarind Seed General Golitsyn

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Obituary Variety, February 1, 1978, page 110.
  2. ^ a b c d Oskar Homolka Scrapbook 1924–1932, Original held in a private collection, Long Island, New York.
  3. ^ Iain MacFarlaine. "Joan Margaret Tetzel". Find a Grave. 

External links[edit]