Osl (genus)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Genus (gens) Osl
Coa Hungary Family Osl - asszonyfalvi Ostfi.svg
Country Kingdom of Hungary
Founded 12th century
Founder Osli I
Dissolution 1873 (last Viczay)
Cadet branches House of Kanizsai
House of Ostffy
House of Viczay

Osl (Osli, Osth or Ozsol) was the name of a gens (Latin for "clan"; nemzetség in Hungarian) with Pecheneg or Hungarian origin in the Kingdom of Hungary, based in today's Győr-Moson-Sopron County. The village of Osli was named after that clan.

History[edit]

The Gesta Hunnorum et Hungarorum ("Deeds of the Huns and Hungarians") records that the clan was from one of the 108 original genera during the Hungarian Conquest of the Carpathian Basin. According to the legends, the forefather of the genus was Súr, a commander in the Battle of Lechfeld and a possible descendant of the Árpád dynasty.[1] The ancestor of the clan was Osli I who lived around between 1200 and 1230. Presumably, he had seven children, including Beled, who served as Master of the cupbearers, whose eldest son, Beled was the ancestor of the Count Viczay family which became extinct in 1873.

Osli's second son was Osli de Asszonyfalva, Ban of Szörény, whose third son, Osli Ostffy became ancestor of the Ostffy de Asszonyfalva family. The third son was Benedek, Bishop of Várad (today: Oradea, Romania). He survived the Mongol invasion of Europe and later was appointed Bishop of Győr. The fourth son, Tamás de Csorna was the first member of the House of Kanizsai. His grandson Gergely acquired significant lands in Győr County. He was received Rábaszentmiklós by Ladislaus IV in 1287. However, he had no male successors, thus the property were inherited by Lőrinc, Ispán of Zala County, his brother's sons. The last surviving member of that family was Orsolya Kanizsai (d. 1571), wife of Palatine Tamás Nádasdy.

The fifth son was Herbold, Ispán (Count; comes) of Baranya County. After the Battle of Mohi (1241), he put in safety Béla IV and the royal family at Klis Fortress (Hungarian: Klissza) who fled from the Mongols to Dalmatia. During that time, Herbold served as castellan of Klis who defended successfully from the Tatars. As a result, later, Béla IV donated large estates along the Raba.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kristó Gyula, Engel Pál, Makk Ferenc, ed. (1994). "Súr". Korai magyar történeti lexikon. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest. 963 05 6722 9. 

Sources[edit]

  • János Karácsonyi: A magyar nemzetségek a XIV. század közepéig. Budapest: Magyar Tudományos Akadémia. 1900–1901.
  • August Ernst: Geschichte des Burgenlandes. Verlag für Geschichte u. Politik, Wien 1991, ISBN 3-7028-0311-4
  • Gyula Kristó (editor): Korai Magyar Történeti Lexikon - 9-14. század (Encyclopedia of the Early Hungarian History - 9-14th centuries); Akadémiai Kiadó, 1994, Budapest; ISBN 963-05-6722-9.