Óslác is a theophoric Anglo-Saxon given name, cognate to Old Norse Ásleikr/Áslákr (Latinised Ansleicus, modern Scandinavian Aslak) and to Old High German Ansleh (Anslech, Ansleccus). It is composed of ós "god" and lác "play, sport; offering, sacrifice".
Historical individuals bearing the name are a son of Æthelfrith of Northumbria (recorded in MS E of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle s.a. 617), king Oslac of Sussex (8th century), Oslac of Hampshire, butler of Æthelwulf of Wessex (9th century) and earl Oslac of Northumbria (10th century). Anslech de Bricquebec, nephew of Rollo of Normandy (10th century). Ansleicus is the name of a Dane converted to Christianity in 864 according to the Miracles de St. Riquier. This Ansleicus subsequently mediated between Charles the Bald and the Viking invaders of Normandy.
The name is attested in a medieval (late 11th century) runic inscription on a sword scabbard, reading aumutær : geþemik : aø=slikæramik (normalized Old Norse Auðmundr gerði mik, Ásleikr á mik) "Audmund made me, Asleik owns me".
As a given name, English Oslac unlike Norse Aslak is mostly extinct, but it survives into Modern English as a surname, besides Oslac also in the spellings Aslock, Ashlock, and Hasluck.
Based on the Anglo-Saxon, Old High German and Old Norse cognates of the name, Koegel (1894) assumes that the term *ansu-laikom may go back to Common Germanic times, denoting a Leich für die Götter, a hymn, dance or play for the gods in early Germanic paganism. Grimm (s.v. "Leich") compares the meaning of Greek χορός, denoting first the ceremonial procession to the sacrifice, but also ritual dance and hymns pertaining to religious ritual. Hermann (1906) identifies as such *ansulaikom the victory songs of the Batavi mercenaries serving under Gaius Julius Civilis after the victory over Quintus Petillius Cerialis in the Batavian rebellion of 69 (according to Tacitus), and also the "abominable song" to Wodan sung by the Lombards at their victory celebration in 579. The sacrificial animal was a goat, around whose head the Lombards danced in a circle while singing their victory hymn. As their Christian prisoners refused to "adore the goat", they were all killed (Hermann presumes) as an offering to Wodan.
- Dennis Howard Green, Language and History in the Early Germanic World (1998), ISBN 0-521-79423-4, p. 21.
- Simon Coupland, Carolingian Coinage and the Vikings (2007), ISBN 0-86078-991-8, p. 105.
- François de Beaurepaire, Les noms des communes et anciennes paroisses de la Manche, éditions Picard 1986.
- Projektet Samnordisk runtextdatabas, 2004. Norges innskrifter med de yngre runer, vol. I, p. 66.
- Rudolf Koegel, Geschichte der deutschen Litteratur bis zum Ausgange des Mittelalters (1894), p.8.
- Paul Hermann, Deutsche Mythologie in gemeinverständlicher Darstellung (1906) p. 342; c.f. Altdeutsche Kultgebräuche, Jena (1928)