Oslob, Cebu

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Baluarte (watchtower)
Baluarte (watchtower)
Map of Cebu Province with Oslob highlighted
Map of Cebu Province with Oslob highlighted
Oslob is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°33′N 123°24′E / 9.55°N 123.4°E / 9.55; 123.4Coordinates: 9°33′N 123°24′E / 9.55°N 123.4°E / 9.55; 123.4
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu Province
District 2nd district of Cebu
Barangay 21 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Ronald Guaren (1‑Cebu)
 • Vice mayor Leonardo Rendon
 • Town Council
 • Total 134.75 km2 (52.03 sq mi)
Highest elevation 800 m (2,600 ft)
Population (2010 census)[3]
 • Total 26,116
 • Density 190/km2 (500/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6025
IDD: +63 (0)32
Income class 4th class
PSGC 072235000

Oslob is a fourth income class municipality in the province of Cebu Province, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 26,116.[3]



Generally, topography of the area is hilly and rolling, dominated by open grasslands and second growth forest. There are fairly level and rolling plateaus and valleys spread throughout the interior. These are some of the most suitable areas for upland agriculture. The highest mountain peak is 800 metres (2,600 ft) above sea level.


The municipality of Oslob belongs to Coronas climate type III with a dry season from February to September and the wet season from October.

Soil Type 

Faraon clay steep phase; Medellin clay Lugo clay

Land Classification
Arable Area 5,045.00 ha
12,466.5 acres
Classified Forest/Reservation/Timberland: 9,619 (58.2%) Arable Area: 5,045 (30.5%) Certified Alienable /Disposable Land: 1,563 (9.5%) Residential: 220 (1.3%) Unclassified Forest Land/Wilderness: 65.89 (0.4%) Commercial: 12.6 (0.1%) National Parks/Playgrounds: 5.75 (0.0%)Circle frame.svg
  •   Classified Forest/Reservation/Timberland: 9,619 (58.2%)
  •   Arable Area: 5,045 (30.5%)
  •   Certified Alienable /Disposable Land: 1,563 (9.5%)
  •   Residential: 220 (1.3%)
  •   Unclassified Forest Land/Wilderness: 65.89 (0.4%)
  •   Commercial: 12.6 (0.1%)
  •   National Parks/Playgrounds: 5.75 (0.0%)
Residential 220.00 ha
543.6 acres
Commercial 12.60 ha
31.1 acres
Industrial none
Certified Alienable / Disposable Land 1,563.00 ha
3,862.3 acres
Classified Forest / Reservation / Timberland 9,619.00 ha
23,769.1 acres
Wildlife / Military Reserve Land none
Unclassified Forest Land / Wilderness 65.89 ha
162.8 acres
National Parks / Playgrounds 5.75 ha
14.2 acres


Oslob comprises 21 barangays:[2]

  • Alo
  • Bangcogon
  • Bonbon
  • Calumpang
  • Canangca-an
  • Cañang
  • Can-ukban
  • Cansalo-ay
  • Daanlungsod
  • Gawi
  • Hagdan
  • Lagunde
  • Looc
  • Luka
  • Mainit
  • Manlum
  • Nueva Caceres
  • Poblacion
  • Pungtod
  • Tan-awan
  • Tumalog


Population census of Oslob
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 19,782 —    
1995 21,686 +1.74%
2000 22,472 +0.77%
2007 22,732 +0.16%
2010 26,116 +5.18%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][4]

Infrastructure and transportation[edit]

  • National Road: 20.00 kilometres (12.43 mi)
  • Provincial Road: 22.00 kilometres (13.67 mi)
  • Municipal Road : 5.75 kilometres (3.57 mi)
  • Barangay Road : 32.50 kilometres (20.19 mi)
  • Source of Electricity: CEBECO
  • No. of Barangay Served: 17
  • Source of Water: Mun. Water System


Public Markets: 2


Schools (Public & Private):

  • Elementary: 13
  • High Schools:6
  • College: 1

Public libraries: none

Toslob Festival[edit]

The official festival of Oslob is the annual Toslob Festival which coincides with the feast of the Immaculate Concepcion in December.[5][6][7][8]

The official was originally named Sadsad Festival (which started as a barangay festival of Poblacion)[9] and then was renamed to Sadsadayon Festival. The name was changed again to Toslob Festival.[10]

Tourist spots[edit]

Sumilon Island[edit]

Sumilon Island is a 24-hectare (59-acre) coral island off the coast of Bancogon, Oslob, Cebu. The island hosts the Sumilon Bluewater Island Resort which developed the island into an eco-friendly haven for those who want to get away from the stress of city living.[11]

The island of Sumilon is located in the southeastern tip of Oslob, so is about 125 kilometres (78 mi) from Cebu City. It is the first marine protected area in the Philippines and was created as a marine sanctuary in 1974 under the guidance of the Siliman University Marine Reserve of Dumaguete City in the nearby province of Negros Oriental.

The island is famous throughout the country and internationally for the exceptional beauty of its dive sites. Sumilon has four major dive sites, which are Garden Eel Plaza, Nikki's Wall, Coral Landscape and Julie's Rock. The island's diving sites are famous for their superb visibility, stunning reefs and abundance of varied tropical marine species that provide an ideal and memorable dive. There are occasional sightings of black tip sharks during dives. A popular attraction in Sumilon Island is its sandbar because of its changing shapes and shifting locations around the island depending on the season. Other places of interest in the island are a natural lagoon with high mangroves and natural caves used by fishermen to seek refuge during storms, and a lake. On the south portion of the island, a lighthouse rests on a protected tree park and beside it is a "Baluarte", a historical watchtower built as part of a warning system to thwart slavers and marauders in the 19th century.

Besides diving, there is also bird-watching, picnicking, fishing, hiking, island tours, paddling and trekking. The island is 125 kilometres (78 mi) from Cebu City and separated from the mainland by the Cebu Strait. It is also close to Dumaguete in the nearby island province of Negros Oriental.

From the port of Oslob, there are various boats to the island. Another route to Sumilon Island is via Dumaguete City since it is also close to the island.[12]


Located front-right of the church of Oslob, just outside the perimeter stone fence and near the sea, at the intersection of Calle Aeternidad and the end of Calle Aragones, stands an unfinished building made of coral blocks resembling a Spanish-era barracks. This was intended to be the cuartel, barracks for Spanish soldiers or guardia civil. It was started about 1860, but remained unfinished at the end of Spanish occupation in 1898.[13]

Church of the Immaculate Conception[edit]

Oslob was established as a visita of Boljoon in 1690 and became an independent parish in 1848 with the Immaculate Conception as its patroness. The present-day church of cut coral stone was started in 1830 and finished 18 years later. The buttresses that were added between 1848 and 1850. The adjacent bell tower was built in 1858. The church was burned down during the Second World War liberating Philippine Commonwealth troops and Cebuano guerillas against the Japanese in Oslob in 1945, and 1955 but was eventually restored.

Outside the walls are the remains of a watchtower, one of the many that line the southeastern coast of the Cebu.

The church is connected to the parish house or convento that still has its original clay-tiled roof. Across the road from the church is the former mortuary chapel with a pediment decorated with a relief of a human skeleton. North of the complex is a small road that leads to the old cemetery.

In 2008, a fire gutted the 19th-century church's interior, including the altar and adjacent rectory, but it spared the image of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception, which is inside a glass case, and the 73 other icons near the door to the bell tower.[14]


Plaque at Baluarte

The Baluarte (Spanish for watchtower) of Oslob was built in 1788. Its main purpose was to provide a safe place wherein guards could observe the surrounding area. It was a part of the defense system in dispelling the Moro raiders of the past,[15] which included 6 other watchtowers along the coastline of Oslob.[16] Just near the cuartel, one can immediately see ruins of an ancient watchtower.[17] So effective was this system that in 1815, the townspeople of Oslob were able to repel one such attack and remain at peace ever since. This prompted them to relocate the town to its present site from their fortified settlement in Daanglungsod which is now in ruins but still breathtaking.[16]

Whale Shark Watching[edit]

Whale sharks can be spotted in Tan-awan which is 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from the center of the town. It has become a popular tourist attraction. Local fishermen feed the whale sharks by hand which tourists find entertaining.[18][19]

In the vicinity of whale shark swimming is a recent attraction: Tumalog Falls. Most tourists and visitors who go whale shark swimming in Tanawan usually include this waterfall in their itinerary.[20]


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Cebu". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 April 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Population and Annual Growth Rates by Province, City and Municipality: Central Visayas: 1995, 2000 and 2007" (PDF). National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 June 2011. 
  5. ^ Bishop: PNP in Basilan 'reactionary' | Breaking News, Other Sections, Home | philstar.com
  6. ^ Department of Tourism - The Philippines Ultimate Travel Guide for Tourist
  7. ^ Toslob Festival Queen | Flickr – Condivisione di foto!
  8. ^ http://www.facebook.com/pages/Toslob-Festival/179138212102820
  9. ^ Serna, Roger (26 June 2014). "Serna: Pagbanhaw sa Sadsad sa Oslob gihangop". Philippine Sun Star (Super Balita) (in Cebuano). Retrieved 12 February 2015. 
  10. ^[dead link]
  11. ^ Cebu: Sumilon Island's Sumilon Bluewater Island Resort
  12. ^ Everything Cebu
  13. ^ The unfinished cuartel of Oslob
  14. ^ Inquirer.net, Fire guts 19th-century church in Cebu
  15. ^ Sun.Star Contest » Baluarte sa Oslob
  16. ^ a b Cabigas, Estan, "Cebu's lonely sentinels of the sea" (PHOTOGRAPHIC ESSAY), Langyaw, retrieved 12 February 2015 
  17. ^ http://explorecebu.com/content/oslob-attractions
  18. ^ Oslob Cebu Resort
  19. ^ Whale Shark watching in Oslob
  20. ^ Cabigas, Estan, "Have you been to Tumalog Falls?" (PHOTOGRAPHIC ESSAY), Langyaw, retrieved 12 February 2015 

External links[edit]