Osman II

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Osman II
عثمان ثانى
Caliph of Islam
Ottoman Sultan
II Osman.jpg
Reign 1618–1622
Predecessor Mustafa I
Successor Mustafa I
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Consort Fülane Hatun
Ayşe Hatun
Akile Hatun
Ayşe Sultan
Royal house House of Osman
Father Ahmed I
Mother Mahfiruz Hatice Sultan
Born (1604-11-03)November 3, 1604
Died March 20, 1622(1622-03-20) (aged 17)
Tughra
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Osman II or Othman II (commonly known as Genç Osman – meaning Osman the Young – in Turkish) (Ottoman Turkish ثانى عثمان ‘Osmān-i sānī) (November 3, 1604 – May 20, 1622) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1618 until his death on 20 May 1622.

Biography[edit]

Osman II was born at Topkapı Palace, Constantinople, the son of Sultan Ahmed I (1603–17) and his wife Mâh-Firûz Hatice (Khadija) Valide Sultan, originally named Maria, a Greek.[1] At a young age his mother paid a lot of attention to his education, as a result of this Osman II was a known poet and had mastered many languages, including Arabic, Persian, Greek, Latin, Italian, and the court sign language. He ascended the throne at the early age of 14 as the result of a coup d'état against his uncle Mustafa I (The Intestable) (1617–18, 1622–23). Despite his youth, Osman II soon sought to assert himself as a ruler, and after securing the empire's eastern border by signing a peace treaty (treaty of Serav) with Safavid Persia, he personally led the Ottoman invasion of Poland during the Moldavian Magnate Wars. Forced to sign a peace treaty with the Poles after the Battle of Chotin (Chocim) (which was, in fact, a siege of Chotin defended by the Polish hetman Jan Karol Chodkiewicz) in September–October, 1621, Osman II returned home to Constantinople in shame, blaming the cowardice of the Janissaries and the insufficiency of his statesmen for his humiliation.

Probably the first Sultan to identify and attempt to tackle the Janissaries as a praetorian institution doing more harm than good to the modern empire, Osman II closed their coffee shops (the gathering points for conspiracies against the throne) and started planning to create a new, loyal and ethnic Turkic army consisting of Anatolian, Mesopotamian and Egyptian Turks and Turkmens. The result was a palace uprising by the janissaries, who promptly imprisoned the young sultan. When an executioner was sent to strangle him at Yedikule, Constantinople, Osman II refused to give in and started fighting the man and was only subdued when he was hit on his back with the rear end of an axe by one of his imprisoners. After that he was strangled with a bowstring. A combination of these stories is given by the French traveler Pouqueville, who writes that when the cord was thrown over his neck, Osman 'had the presence of mind to slip it with his hand, and knock down the principal executioner; on which his grand vizier seized him by the most sensible part of his body, when Osman fainted with pain, and was strangled.' [2]

Family Life[edit]

Osman II had four consorts.

  1. Fülane Hatun, daughter of a military commander in Osman's army
  2. Ayşe Hatun (m.1620), daughter of Ahmed Efendi
  3. Akile Hatun (m.1622), daughter of Şeyhülislam Esad Efendi
  4. Ayşe Sultan, Osman's only haseki

He had two sons, Şehzade Mustafa and Şehzade Omer and one daughter Zeynep Sultan.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Shaw, Stanford Jay. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, volume I: Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire, 1280-1808. Cambridge University Press. p. 191. 
  2. ^ Pouqueville, François Charles H.L.: Travels through the Morea, Albania, and several other parts of the Ottoman Empire, page 113-114, published 1806

External links[edit]

Media related to Osman II at Wikimedia Commons

Osman II
Born: November 3, 1604 Died: May 20, 1622
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mustafa I
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Feb 26, 1618 – May 20, 1622
Succeeded by
Mustafa I
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Mustafa I
Caliph of Islam
Feb 26, 1618 – May 20, 1622
Succeeded by
Mustafa I