Osmancık

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Osmancık
Town
Koyunbaba Bridge
Koyunbaba Bridge
Location of Osmancık within Turkey.
Location of Osmancık within Turkey.
Osmancık is located in Turkey
Osmancık
Osmancık
Location of Osmancık within Turkey.
Coordinates: 40°58′N 34°48′E / 40.967°N 34.800°E / 40.967; 34.800Coordinates: 40°58′N 34°48′E / 40.967°N 34.800°E / 40.967; 34.800
Country  Turkey
Region Black Sea
Province Çorum
Government
 • Mayor Hamza Karataş (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 1,116.26 km2 (430.99 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 27,355
 • District 44,363
 • District density 40/km2 (100/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 19500
Area code(s) 364
Licence plate 19

Osmancık is a district of Çorum Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, located 59 km north of the city of Çorum.

Geography[edit]

Located on an important crossing of the River Kızılırmak on the ancient Silk Road to the orient, Osmancık has long had a strategic value, and is still today a popular stopping-place on the road from Istanbul to the Black Sea city of Samsun and further east.

Today, Osmancık is known for its rice production, being especially suitable for a new strain of rice developed especially for the region by the Turkish Ministry of Agriculture and named "Osmancık-97."

The North Anatolian Fault zone runs through the valley, making Osmancık is very vulnerable to earthquakes.

Kızılırmak River and Koyunbaba Bridge

List of Neighborhoods[edit]

  • Yazi neighborhood
  • Esentepe neighborhood
  • Gürleyik neighborhood
  • Yeşilçatma neighborhood
  • Cumhuriyet neighborhood
  • Yeni neighborhood
  • Gemici neighborhood
  • Hidirlik neighborhood
  • Kizilirmak neighborhood
  • Güney neighborhood
  • Şenyurt neighborhood
  • Koyunbaba neighborhood
  • Çay neighborhood
  • Çiftlikler neighborhood
  • Eymür neighborhood
  • Karapinar neighborhood
  • Temence neighborhood
  • Ulucamii neighborhood

History[edit]

The area was settled by the Kayı clan of the Oghuz Turks as they migrated westwards into Anatolia from their heartland of Central Asia. Osmancık was one of the important destination points in the Ottoman period. Because of numbers of earthquakes the city could not keep its ancient architecture. In the last century, there have been 4-5 heavy earthquakes. Being on the path of the Kızılırmak made the city an important settlement point since early history. Osmancık was known as "Pimolisene" during Roman and Byzantine eras.

Population[edit]

Population by year
Years Central Villages Total
2008 24,678 26,486 51,164
2000 30,423 25,335 53,758
1990 21,347 31,143 52,490
1980 63,018
1970 53,849
1960 42,960
1950
1927 29,184
1907 29,473
1893 17,639
1831 4,349

Notable natives[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

  • In the village of Ardıç, to the west of Osmancık, there is a road cut by the Ancient Romans through a rock named Çalınkaya
  • Koyunbaba bridge over the Kızılırmak, built in 1489
  • The Seljuk Turk castle of Kandiber, in the town center
  • The Ottoman period tomb of Sufi mystic Koyunbaba
  • The Trojan war hero Achilles was said to have been finally buried on the hill of Adatepe

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.