Osmanoğlu family

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See also: House of Osman

The Osmanoğlu family refers to the current members of the historical House of Osman (the Ottoman dynasty), who were the sole rulers and the namesake of the Ottoman Empire from 1299 until the establishment of the Republic of Turkey in 1923.

There were thirty six Ottoman Sultans who ruled over the Empire, and each one was a direct descendant through the male line of the first Ottoman Sultan, Sultan Osman I. After the deposition of the last Sultan, Mehmet VI, in 1922, and the subsequent abolition of the Ottoman Caliphate in 1924, members of the Imperial family were forced into exile. Their descendants now live in many different countries throughout Europe, as well as in the United States, the Middle East, and since they have now been permitted to return to their homeland, many now also live in Turkey. When in exile, the family adopted the surname of Osmanoğlu, meaning "son of Osman", after the founder of the House of Osman and direct ancestor of all current family members.

Heads of the House of Osman since 1923[edit]

The Ottoman dynasty was exiled from Turkey in 1924.[1] The female members of the dynasty were allowed to return after 1951,[1] and the male members after 1973.[2] Below is a list of people who would have been heirs to the Ottoman throne following the abolition of the sultanate on 1 November 1922.[2] These people have not necessarily made any claim to the throne; for example Ertuğrul Osman said "Democracy works well in Turkey.".[3]

Resurgence of interest in the Ottoman family[edit]

Since the turn of this century there has been a growing interest in the living members of the Ottoman family, both within Turkey and abroad.[6]

In 2006, family members met at Dolmabahçe Palace for the presentation of the documentary "Osmanoğlu'nun Sürgünü" ("The Ottomans' Exile") produced by TRT (Turkish Radio and Television Corporation).[7] This documentary followed the stories of the members of the Ottoman family who went into exile in 1924, following the establishment of the Turkish Republic and the abolition of the Ottoman Caliphate. It then follows the stories of their descendants, who now live in Turkey, Europe, the United States and throughout the Middle East. Extensive coverage of this event, and the success of the documentary series has dramatically raised the profile of the Imperial Family.[6][8]

According to the New York Times, historians said that the show of reverence at the funeral of Prince Ertuğrul Osman in September 2009 was a "seminal moment in the rehabilitation of the Ottoman Empire".[9]

An interview with Prince Mahmud Efendi by the Anatolian News Agency was published in several publications in Turkey and the UK. A Sultan's descendant in the heart of London

Turkish citizenship[edit]

Without exception, all high-ranking members of the Imperial Ottoman family were exiled in 1924. Most had never left their homeland before, and all were forced to make a new life abroad. The family departed from Sirkeci Train Station, and would disperse across Europe, the United States and the Middle East. As the former Ottoman Sultan Mehmed VI Vahideddin had settled in San Remo, many members of the family congregated in the South of France. After living in Switzerland for a short time, the last Caliph of Islam Prince (Şehzade) Abdulmecid II, also moved to the French Rivera, settling in Nice. The Turkish Republic had issued the exiled Ottoman family members with travel documents but they were only valid for one year. Therefore, by 1925 members of the family were no longer able to travel. Prince (Şehzade) Ali Vâsib Efendi appealed to the French Government and succeeded in obtaining courtesy passports for them. The French Government also issued passports to the children of the members of the family who were born in exile. In the years since the exile was lifted, many members of the Ottoman family have obtained Turkish citizenship and hold Turkish passports.

Imperial Princes (Şehzades) of the House of Osman[edit]

The formal way of addressing the male descendants of the Ottoman Sultans is Daulatlu Najabatlu Şehzade (given name) Hazretleri Efendi, i.e. Prince (given name) Efendi, with the style of His Imperial Highness. According to genealogies of the House of Osman, had the Sultanate not been abolished, there would be twenty-four Imperial Princes in the line of succession after Bayezid Osman, the current head of the family.[10][11][12] The succession law used is agnatic seniority, with the succession passing to eldest male dynast.[13]

  1. Prince Şehzade Dündar Aliosman Efendi (b. 1930) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[11][12][13][14][15]
  2. Prince Şehzade Harun Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1932) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  3. Prince Şehzade Cengiz Nazim Efendi (b. 1939) (descendant of Mehmed V)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  4. Prince Şehzade Osman Selaheddin Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1940) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  5. Prince Şehzade Ömer Abdülmecid Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1941) (descendant of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi and Mahmud Namık)[10][11][12][15]
  6. Prince Şehzade Mehmed Ziyaeddin Efendi (b. 1947) (descendant of Mehmed V)[10][11][12][14][15]
  7. Prince Şehzade Roland Selim Kadir Efendi (b. 1949) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]
  8. Prince Şehzade Selim Djem Efendi (b. 1955) (descendant of Abdülmecid I)[10][11][12][13][15]
  9. Prince Şehzade Orhan İbrahim Suleiman Saadeddin Efendi (b. 1959) (descendant of Abdülaziz I)[10][11][12][13][15]
  10. Prince Şehzade Orhan Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1963) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]
  11. Prince Şehzade Eric Mehmed Ziyaeddin Nazim Efendi (b. 1966) (descendant of Mehmed V)[10][11][12][15]
  12. Prince Şehzade Orhan Murad Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1972) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  13. Prince Şehzade Francis Mahmud Namık Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1975) (descendant of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi and Mahmud Namık)[10][11][12][15]
  14. Prince Şehzade René Osman Abdul Kadir Efendi (b. 1975) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]
  15. Prince Şehzade Daniel Adrian Abdulhamid Kadir Efendi (b. 1977) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]
  16. Prince Şehzade Nihad Reşad Osmanoğlu Efendi (1978) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[10][11][12][13][15]
  17. Prince Şehzade Abdulhamid Kayıhan Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1979) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]
  18. Prince Şehzade Selim Süleyman Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1979) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[10][11][12][13][15]
  19. Prince Şehzade Nazım Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1985) (descendant of Mehmed V)[10][11][12][15]
  20. Prince Şehzade Yavuz Selim Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 1989) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]
  21. Prince Şehzade Turan Cem Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 2004) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I)[10][11][12][15]
  22. Prince Şehzade Tamer Nihad Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 2006) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I)[10][11][12][15]
  23. Prince Şehzade Harun Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 2007) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12]
  24. Prince Şehzade Batu Bayezid Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 2008) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I)[10][11][12][15]
  25. Prince Şehzade Ziya Reşad Osmanoğlu Efendi (b. 2012) (descendant of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi and Mahmud Namık)[10][11][12][15]

Imperial Princesses (Sultans) of the House of Osman[edit]

The formal way of addressing the female descendants of the Ottoman Sultans is Daulatlu Hazretleri (given name) Sultan, i.e. Princess (given name) Sultan, with the style of Her Imperial Highness. According to genealogies of the House of Osman, had the Sultanate not been abolished, there would be fourteen Imperial Princesses

  1. Princess Safvet Neslişah Sultan (b. 1925) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  2. Princess Fatma Necla Sultan (b. 1933) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  3. Princess Margot Leyla Sultan (b. 1947) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  4. Princess Nilüfer Sultan (b. 1953) (descendant of Abdülmecid I)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  5. Princess Perihan Sultan (b. 1963) (descendant of Abdülaziz)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  6. Princess Ayşe Louise Sultan (b. 1964) (descendant of Mehmed V)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  7. Princess Gülhan Sultan (b. 1968) (descendant of Abdülaziz)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  8. Princess Ayşe Gülnev Sultan (b. 1971) (descendant of Murad V through Ahmed IV and Ali I, and of Mehmed V through Ömer Hilmi)[10][11][12][15]
  9. Princess Nurhan Sultan (b. 1973) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]
  10. Princess Nilhan Sultan (b. 1987) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]
  11. Princess Nermin Zoe Sultan (b. 1988) (descendant of Mehmed V)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  12. Princess Nilüfer Sultan (b. 1995) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  13. Princess Berna Sultan (b. 1998) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]
  14. Princess Asyahan Sultan (b. 2004) (descendant of Abdul Hamid II)[10][11][12][13][15]

Biographies of some members of the House of Osman[edit]

Ömer Abdülmecid Osmanoğlu[edit]

Prince Ömer Abdülmecid Efendi[10][11][12][13][14][15][16] b. at Alexandria, 4 June 1941, the only child of Prince Mahmud Namik Efendi, and his wife Şaharazade Hanımefendi, (b. at Alexandria, 1922; d. 1993, only daughter of Ismail Ratib Bey, by his wife Princess Emine Bihruz, younger daughter of Prince Ibrahim Raşid Fazıl Paşa, of Egypt), and great-grandson of Sultan Mehmed V Reşad Han Gazi, 35th Sovereign of the House of Osman. Educated at Stowe School, Buckinghamshire, England, he holds a degree in Business Administration from London University.

m. Beulah Hanımefendi (b. 8 April 1943), née Banbury. He has issue, an only son:

Ömer Abdülmecid had a career as an oil trader in the City of London, plays chess, and is now retired and lives in Sussex, England.

Mahmud Francis Namık Osmanoğlu[edit]

Prince Mahmud Francis Namık Efendi[10][11][12][13][14][15][16] was born in London, 27 April 1975. He is the only child of Ömer Abdülmecid Osmanoğlu and Beulah Hanımefendi, née Banbury, and great-great grandson of Sultan Mehmed V Reşad Han Gazi, 35th Sovereign of the House of Osman. Mahmud attended Gulliver Preparatory High School in Miami Florida, and The Mougins School, in the South of France (Riviera). He holds an MFA in Design and Technology from Parsons The New School for Design, New York City, USA and a BFA in Visual Communications from Parsons Paris School of Art and Design, Paris, France. He is a co-founder and director of a digital communications agency.

Mahmud is an accomplished drummer and tennis player. He lives in London, England.

Mahmud and his wife Genevieve Ingi Hanımefendi, née Robson, have one son, Prince Ziya Reşad Efendi, born in London in June 6, 2012.

Ayşe Gülnev Osmanoğlu[edit]

Princess Ayşe Gülnev Sultan[11][12][13][14][17] was born in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England on 17 January 1971.

Ayşe-Gülnev-Osmanoğlu
Princess Ayşe-Gülnev-Osmanoğlu

She is the only daughter of Osman Selaheddin Osmanoğlu and his wife Athena Joy Hanımefendi. Athena was born Athena Christoforides in London on 9 March 1944. Ayşe is the great-great-great-granddaughter of Sultan Mehmed Murad V, 33rd Sovereign of the House of Osman through her grandfather Ali Vâsib, the 41st Head of the Imperial House of Osman, and also the great-great-granddaughter of Sultan Mehmed V, the 35th Sovereign of the House of Osman, through her grandmother Emine Mükbile. Her father Osman Selaheddin is the only Ottoman prince whose parents are both descendants of the Imperial Ottoman Dynasty.

Ayşe holds a degree of Bachelor of Arts in History and Politics from Exeter University and a Masters degree in Ottoman History from the School of Oriental and African Studies, London.

Prince Lysander Cengiz, Princess Tatyana Aliye, Prince Maximilian Ali, Prince Ferdinand Ziya, Prince Cosmo Tarik
From left to right: Prince Lysander Cengiz, Princess Tatyana Aliye, Prince Maximilian Ali, Prince Ferdinand Ziya, Prince Cosmo Tarik

Ayşe married Nicholas Sutton (born 18 August 1969) on 27 August 1994; on their marriage he gained the title of Damat ("bridesgroom" to the Ottoman dynasty) and the honorific His Highness. Together they have five children, four sons and one daughter. Prince (Sultanzade) Maximilian Ali Beyefendi, Sutton. born in London, England 15 January 2000, Prince (Sultanzade) Cosmo Tarik Beyefendi, Sutton. born in London, England 10 September 2001, Prince (Sultanzade) Lysander Cengiz Beyefendi, Sutton. born in London, England 12 April 2003, Prince (Sultanzade) Ferdinand Ziya Beyefendi, Sutton. born in Sussex, England, 26 July 2006, Princess Tatyana Aliye Hanımsultan, Sutton. born in Sussex, England, 25 March 2005.

Ayşe lives in Sussex, England with her family and spends the summers near Bodrum, Turkey.[18][19] She is a director of property investment and development companies, and writes and researches historical pieces on Ottoman history.

Family trees[edit]

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Abdulaziz Line of descent from Sultan Abdulaziz

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed Murad V Family tree showing descent from Murad V

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Abdulhamid II Family tree showing line of descent from Sultan Abdulhamid II

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed V Reshad Family tree showing descent from Sultan Mehmed V Reshad

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed IV Vahiddeddin. Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed IV Vahiddeddin

Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Caliph Abdulmecid Family tree showing descent from Caliph Abdulmecid




Family tree of the branch of the Ottoman Dynasty descending from Mehmed V Reshad Family tree showing descent from Sultan Mehmed V Reshad

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brookes, Douglas (2008). The concubine, the princess, and the teacher: voices from the Ottoman harem. University of Texas Press. pp. 278, 285. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Opfell, Olga (2001). Royalty who wait: the 21 heads of formerly regnant houses of Europe. McFarland. pp. 146, 151. Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  3. ^ a b Bernstein, Fred. “Ertugrul Osman, Link to Ottoman Dynasty, Dies at 97”, The New York Times (2009-09-24).
  4. ^ Pope, Hugh. "Oldest Ottoman to come home at last", The Independent (1992-07-22).
  5. ^ "'Osmanoğulları'na insanlık şehadet edecek'", Zaman (newspaper) (2009-09-27).
  6. ^ a b Bilefsky, Dan (4 December 2009). "Turkey Reveling in Its Past". The New York Times. 
  7. ^ Akgüneş, Gürkan 2006 "Şehzadeler sarayda buluştu" Milliyet Retrieved 2011-07-20
  8. ^ 2006 "2006 yılından hanedanın bir videosu" Ottoman Dynasty Foundation Retrieved 2011-07-20
  9. ^ Bilefsky, Dan 2009-12-4 "Frustrated with the West, Turks Revel in Empire Lost" The New York Times Retrieved 2011-07-20
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao "Hayatta Olan Şehzadeler". Foundation of the Ottoman Dynasty. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "Osmanlı Hanedanı vakıf çatısı altında toplanıyor". Sabah. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq İbrahim Pazan (15 September 2009). "Osmanoğullarının yeni reisi Osman Bayezid Efendi". Netgazete. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Almanach de Gotha (184th ed.). Almanach de Gotha. 2000. pp. 365, 912–915. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Burke's Royal Families of the World (2 ed.). Burke's Peerage. 1980. p. 247. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an "Current Living Şehzades". Official Ottoman Family Website. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  16. ^ a b Line of succession to the Ottoman throne
  17. ^ http://www.milliyet.com.tr/2006/10/13/pazar/apaz.html
  18. ^ http://mobil.stargazete.com/n97/pazar/cocukken-de-5-bebegim-vardi-haber-289537.htm
  19. ^ http://www.turizminsesi.com/haber/ingiliz-kulturu-osmanli-izlerini-silememis--412.htm