The mill is on the site of the now-destroyed Osney Abbey. Little is left of the abbey, but there is still a rubble and timber-framed structure at the mill site, which may date from the 15th century. The remnants were Grade II listed in 1954.
In 1895, William Henry Munsey came to Oxford after his farming business in Cambridgeshire was affected by foot and mouth disease. Initially, he worked for Pratt & Haines as a forage manager. In 1898, he went into partnership with Archer Cowley and took over Osney Mill. The partnership did not last and the business became W.H. Munsey Ltd in 1911. The mill produced flour for bread but was destroyed by fire in 1945. It was decided not to rebuild Osney Mill and the business moved to Wantage, south of Oxford, although the family still owns the site.
In 2004, there were plans for a new development of homes, after planning approval by Oxford City Council. An Oxford building contractor, Messrs Knowles & Son, was contracted to turn the derelict mill building into flats. Work started on renovation in January 2011 and has now been completed.
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