Osprey-class coastal minehunter
USS Raven in the Persian Gulf, 2004
|Operators:||U.S. Navy (former)
Republic of China Navy
|In commission:||1993 - 2007|
|Active:||2 with Hellenic Navy
2 with Egyptian Navy
2 with ROC(Taiwan) Navy
|Displacement:||893 tons (804 metric tons) full load|
|Length:||188 ft (57 m)|
|Beam:||36 ft (11 m)|
|Draft:||12 ft (3.7 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 × diesels (800 hp ea.)
2 ×Voith-Schneider (cycloidal) propulsion systems
|Speed:||10 knots (19 km/h)|
|Complement:||5 officers, 46 enlisted|
|•AN/SLQ-48 mine neutralization equipment
•AN/SQQ-32 minehunting sonar
•AN/SYQ-13 navigation/command and control
•AN/SSQ-94 on board trainer
|Armament:||2 × .50 caliber machine guns|
Osprey-class coastal minehunters are designed to find, classify, and destroy moored and bottom naval mines from vital waterways. They use sonar and video systems, cable cutters and a mine detonating device that can be released and detonated by remote control. Osprey class are the world's second largest minehunters (surpassed by the Royal Navy's 60-metre (200 ft) Hunt class minehunters) to be constructed entirely of fiberglass and designed to survive the shock of underwater explosions. Their primary mission is reconnaissance, classification, and neutralization of all types of moored and bottom mines in littoral areas, harbors and coastal waterways.
Twelve minehunter ships were built for the U.S. Navy by Northrop Grumman Ship Systems (formerly Litton Avondale Industries) of New Orleans and Intermarine of Savannah. The ships were commissioned between 1993 and 1999.
The ships of this class were named after various types of birds. Contrary to some posts, the USS Black Hawk was named after the bird and not the Indian Chief.
All of these ships were decommissioned in 2006–07. The Hellenic Navy received two of the Osprey-class from the US Navy: MHC-52 Heron, renamed Calypso and MHC-53 Pelican, renamed Euniki. Two more were transferred to the Egyptian Navy: MHC-60 Cardinal, renamed al Sedeeq (MHC-521) and MHC-61 Raven, renamed al Farouk (MHC-524). The sale of MHC-55 Oriole and MHC-59 Falcon to Republic of China (aka Taiwan) was also authorized.
The U.S. General Services Administration (GS) announced in April 2014 that hull numbers MHC-51, 54, 56, 57, 58, and 62 are currently up for auction to be sold as an entire lot for "dismantlement purposes only." This contradicts earlier information announcing the sale of some of these vessels to foreign operators.
|Osprey||MHC-51||Intermarine USA||1993–2006||MHC51||Sold for scrap 2014.|
|Heron||MHC-52||Intermarine USA||1994–2007||MHC52||Sold to the Hellenic Navy, renamed as HS Kalypso (M 64)|
|Pelican||MHC-53||Avondale Shipyard, Westwego||1995–2007||MHC53||Sold to the Hellenic Navy, renamed as HS Evniki (M 61)|
|Robin||MHC-54||Avondale Shipyard||1996–2006||MHC54||Sold for scrap 2014.|
|Oriole||MHC-55||Intermarine USA||1995–2006||MHC55||Sold to the Republic of China (Taiwan) Navy|
|Kingfisher||MHC-56||Avondale Shipyard, Gulfport||1996–2007||MHC56||Sold for scrap 2014.|
|Cormorant||MHC-57||Avondale Shipyard, Gulfport||1997–2007||MHC57||Sold for scrap 2014.|
|Black Hawk||MHC-58||Intermarine USA||1996–2007||MHC58||Sold for scrap 2014.|
|Falcon||MHC-59||Intermarine USA||1997–2006||MHC59||Sold to the Republic of China (Taiwan) Navy|
|Cardinal||MHC-60||Intermarine USA||1997–2007||MHC60||Sold to the Egyptian Navy, renamed as al Sedeeq (MHC-521)|
|Raven||MHC-61||Intermarine USA||1998–2007||MHC61||Sold to the Egyptian Navy, renamed as al Farouk (MHC-524)|
|Shrike||MHC-62||Intermarine USA||1999–2007||MHC62||Sold for scrap 2014.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Osprey class coastal minehunters.|
- "Osprey Minehunters for ROC Navy". Armed Forces International. August 6, 2012.
- PEO Ships: Mine Warfare
- Federation of American Scientists: MHC 51 Osprey Coastal Mine Hunters
- This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U.S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here.
- 26 Mar 2014 MHC 51, 54, 56, 57 58, 62 are on GSA auction web site for "DISMANTLEMENT" out of Beaumont, TX. http://gsaauctions.gov/gsaauctions/aucindx/
- GlobalSecurity.org: MHC 51 Osprey Coastal Mine Hunters
- NavSource.org: Coastal Minesweeper/Coastal Minehunter Index