Ospringe

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Ospringe
Ospringe church.jpg
Church of St Peter and St Paul, Ospringe
Ospringe is located in Kent
Ospringe
Ospringe
 Ospringe shown within Kent
Population 715 (2001)
OS grid reference TR001604
Civil parish Ospringe
District Swale
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town FAVERSHAM
Postcode district ME13
Dialling code 01795
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Faversham and Mid Kent
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Coordinates: 51°18′40″N 0°52′23″E / 51.311°N 0.873°E / 51.311; 0.873

Ospringe is a village and civil parish in the English county of Kent. It had a population of 715 in 2001.[1] Located south of Faversham, Ospringe forms part of the Borough of Swale. It lies on the Roman road Watling Street (nowadays the A2 road), called Ospringe Street in the village. Including the historic Maison Dieu. Another section of the village lies on Water Lane leading southwards towards Painters Forstal. The remains of substantial Roman buildings have been found to its north west; the ruins of the abandoned Stone Chapel lie nearby.

History[edit]

In 1798, Edward Hasted records that it was once called 'Ospringes' and this name comes from the spring or stream that rises in the village and used to lead to Davington pond.[2]

The town was once separate from the hundred of Faversham and had its own constable. Other parish matters were controlled by Faversham.[2]

The stream (giving the village its name) ran from Whitehill, near Painters Forstal northwards along a valley (along Water Lane), towards Ospringe Church and then past Queen Court (a former mansion house - now Grade II* listed farmhouse,[3]). The stream then passed through a water mill (that was used to grind corn) and then under Ospringe Street (beside the Maison Dieu)[4] to head towards Chart Gunpowder Mill. Before finally running into the Faversham creek in Davington.[2] When the M2 motorway was built in 1965, part of Water Lane was re-built and the stream diverted into a culvert under the road. [5]

During the Domesday Book survey, the village belonged to Odo, Earl of Kent, (as the Bishop of Bayeux). After Odo's trial for fraud, the village then passed back to the crown as part of the royal demesnes, to Henry II of England reign. In October 1214, King John stayed in the manor of Ospringe and in October 1215 (during the First Barons' War). Richard de Marisco as Lord Chancellor of England came to Ospringe to deliver the Great seal to King John. It then passed to Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent but then returned to the King in 1235. In 1299, Queen Margaret became the owner. The manor of Ospringe then became Queen-Court.[2]

Later, two manors split. Sir John Pulteney became the owner of the manor of Ospringe. He was once Lord Mayor of London (1330-1331 and 1333) and also owner of Penshurst Place. When he died in 1350, it passed to his son William de Pulteney. When Sir William Pulteney died in 1367, it passed to Sir Nicholas Lovaine (Sir William's stepfather). The manor then passed through many generations of that family. Including Sir Philip St Clere. In 1550, Sir Thomas Cheney a Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports became owner.[2]

During the reign of Edward II, after the spilt, The Manor of Queen-Court passed to Fulk Peyforer, then in 1357 to Sir William de Clinton. It then returned to the crowns control after his death. Nicholas Potin (a sheriff of Kent) then leased the manor. Then in 1550, it passed to Sir Thomas Cheney, as well. When the 2 manors became one manor. Sir Henry Cheney (Sir Thomas's son) then sold the estate to Richard Thornhill, of London. By 1789, George North, 3rd Earl of Guilford (once MP for Harwich).[2]

Also including in the Parish of Ospringe are the estates of 'Plumford' and 'Painters' (the later is now part of Painters Forstal). Which were both Manors of Queencourt. It was held in 1547, by the son of Sir Anthony Aucher (an MP for Canterbury). The manor passed through various owners similar to the Manor of Ospringe.[2] Another estate was Brogdale and Brook Farm (near the hamlet of Whitehill). Named after the brook that led through Ospringe. Brook Farm is now a Grade II listed building.[6]

Another estate is Elverland, (once called Elvyland). It was owned by John, the youngest son of Bertram de Criol (High Sheriff of Essex in 1239). It passed to his son, Nicholas de Criol. Then it passed to the Maison Dieu, who leased it out for a fee. After the hospital at Maison Dieu ended it passed into private hands again.[2] The Manor House is now a Grade II listed building.[7] Another small estate is Hansletts (once called Hansells or Hansletts forstal). This past through various private hands.[2] Hansletts House is now a Grade II listed building.[8]

West of the parish, on Judd's Hill is Folly House. It is in the grounds of a 5 acre wood, which in 1201 was owned by the Bishop of Rochester, Gilbert Glanvill. Henry Sandford (a later Bishop) passed the wood to a local resident and his heirs.[2] It now has become Judd's Folly Hotel,[9] and Syndale Park Fitness Club.[10]

West of Folly house, is the estate of Syndale also in private hands.[2] Now part of Syndale Farm. Syndale Farmhouse is Grade II listed.[11]

Also within the parish is the Church of St Paul and St Peter. Which is Grade II* listed.[12] It was built in the ealry 1200's. The church is in the diocese of Canterbury, and deanery of Ospringe. In 1384, it was under the Aboot of Pontiniac (in France). Then it (and the attached Parsonage) became a possession of the Maison Dieu. In 1558, the Parsonage was privately leased by Robert Streynsham (a former secretary of Earl of Pembroke. Which then passed through his family.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for Neighbourhood Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Swale
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Hasted, Edward (1798). "Parishes". The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent (Institute of Historical Research) 6: 499–531. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Queen Court Farmhouse and Outbuildings, Faversham". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 10 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Robert Turcan (11 November 2013)Faversham Through Time at Google Books
  5. ^ Bignell, Alan (1999). The Kent Village Book. Countryside Book. p. 187. 
  6. ^ "Brook Farm, Ospringe". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  7. ^ "The Manor House, Ospringe". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Hansletts House, Ospringe". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "Judds Folly Hotel". Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  10. ^ Syndale Park
  11. ^ "Syndale Farmhouse, Ospringe". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "Church of St Peter and St Paul, Ospringe". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 

External links[edit]