Oss

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This article is about the municipality in the Netherlands. For the Icelandic Óss rune, see Æsir. For other uses, see OSS (disambiguation).
Oss
Municipality
Skyline of Oss
Skyline of Oss
Flag of Oss
Flag
Coat of arms of Oss
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Oss in a municipal map of North Brabant
Location in North Brabant
Coordinates: 51°46′N 5°31′E / 51.767°N 5.517°E / 51.767; 5.517Coordinates: 51°46′N 5°31′E / 51.767°N 5.517°E / 51.767; 5.517
Country Netherlands
Province North Brabant
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Wobine Buijs-Glaudemans (VVD)
Area[2]
 • Total 159.87 km2 (61.73 sq mi)
 • Land 152.42 km2 (58.85 sq mi)
 • Water 7.45 km2 (2.88 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 7 m (23 ft)
Population (January 2014)[4]
 • Total 85,039
 • Density 558/km2 (1,450/sq mi)
Demonym Ossenaar
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode 5340–5351, 5366–5373
Area code 0412, 0486
Website www.oss.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Oss (municipality), July 2013

Oss (Dutch: [ɔs] ( )) is a municipality and a city in the southern Netherlands, in the province of North Brabant.

Population centres[edit]

Name Population
Berghem 6,900
Haren 785
Lith 6,724
Macharen 722
Megen 1,686
Oss 57,980
Ravenstein 3,724

The city of Oss[edit]

There is archaeological evidence that humans have lived in and around Oss for 4,000 years. Major archaeological finds were the Vorstengraf burial sites and the indigenous-Roman burial fields of Oss-Ussen.

Oss was first mentioned in a letter by Pope Alexander II on 6 May 1069. Oss was granted city rights in 1399 by Hertogin (Duchess) Johanna van Brabant. Present-day Oss has several chemical and pharmaceutical industries like Merck & Co. (previously Schering-Plough, Organon and Diosynth). Oss is also host to the professional football team FC Oss, and is the birthplace of former Manchester United and Real Madrid star Ruud van Nistelrooy, although he did not play for the local side, but for rivals FC Den Bosch.

The gothic metal/alternative rock band The Gathering, formed in 1989, originally hails from Oss.

Berghem[edit]

Main article: Berghem

Berghem is a small town east of Oss (population: 6,900). Berghem is currently being expanded with many new houses in the Piekenhoef.

Megen[edit]

Main article: Megen

Megen is a small city (population: 1,686) close to the river Maas.

Megen used to be the 'capital' of the county Megen (including Haren, Macharen and Teeffelen) that was founded around 1145. City rights were obtained in 1357. In 1810, the County Megen became a municipality to which Haren and Macharen also belonged. It became part of the municipality of Oss in 1994.

Currently, there are two monasteries in Megen. One is inhabited by the Clarissas (also called the Poor Clares), followers of St. Clare of Assisi. The other is occupied by the Franciscans, followers of St. Francis of Assisi. Of the two castles Megen used to have, only one tower remains.

Ravenstein[edit]

Ravenstein (population: 3,728) is a city and was a municipality until 2003, when it was added to the Oss municipality. The municipality covered an area of 42.68 km² and also included villages: Demen, Dennenburg, Deursen, Dieden, Herpen, Huisseling, Keent, Koolwijk, Neerlangel, Neerloon, Overlangel.

Ravenstein received city rights in 1380.

Transportation[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Samenstelling b&w" [Members board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Oss. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 5341GM". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 21 April 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 

External links[edit]