Osterholz-Scharmbeck

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Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Coat of arms of Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Coat of arms
Osterholz-Scharmbeck is located in Germany
Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Osterholz-Scharmbeck
Coordinates: 53°13′N 8°48′E / 53.217°N 8.800°E / 53.217; 8.800Coordinates: 53°13′N 8°48′E / 53.217°N 8.800°E / 53.217; 8.800
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Osterholz
Subdivisions 10 districts
Government
 • Mayor Martin Wagener (SPD)
Area
 • Total 147 km2 (57 sq mi)
Elevation 11 m (36 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 30,097
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 27711
Dialling codes 04791
Vehicle registration OHZ
Website www.osterholz-scharmbeck.de

Osterholz-Scharmbeck is a town and the capital of the district of Osterholz, in Lower Saxony, Germany. Osterholz-Scharmbeck is situated in between the cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven.

Geography[edit]

Neighbouring places[edit]

Division of the town[edit]

Official parts[edit]

  • Freißenbüttel
  • Garlstedt
  • Heilshorn
  • Hülseberg
  • Ohlenstedt
  • Pennigbüttel
  • Sandhausen
  • Scharmbeckstotel
  • Teufelsmoor

Historical parts[edit]

  • Ahrensfelde
  • Altenbrück
  • Altendamm
  • Auf Dem Raden
  • Auf Dem Rusch
  • Bargten
  • Bredbeck
  • Buschhausen
  • Büttel
  • Feldhof
  • Haslah
  • Hinter Dem Horn
  • Kattenhorn
  • Lange Heide
  • Lintel
  • Muskau
  • Myhle
  • Niedersandhausen
  • Ovelgönne
  • Ruschkamp
  • Settenbeck
  • Vorwohlde
  • Westerbeck
  • Wiste

History[edit]

The town was first mentioned in 1043 as Scirnbeci. From 1180 on the Scharmbeck belonged to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen. The monastery in Osterholz was founded in 1182 and persisted until 1650, when Lower Saxony became mostly Protestant. In 1648 the Prince-Archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish and from 1715 on by the Hanoverian Crown. In 1823 the Duchy was abolished and its territory became part of the Stade Region in the Kingdom of Hanover.

In 1927 the two communities of Osterholz and Scharmbeck were merged under the name of Osterholz-Scharmbeck and in 1929 town privileges were granted.

Between 1978 and 1992, 4,200 soldiers of the U.S. Army's 2nd Armored Division (Forward) were stationed, and another 4,000 family members resided in Osterholz-Scharmbeck.

Population Growth[edit]

  • 1909: 6.060
  • 1945: 12.500
  • 1970: 23.500
  • 1987: 24.150
  • 2004: 31.145
  • 2005: 31.255

Books[edit]

  • Johann Segelken, Osterholz-Scharmbeck Heimatbuch, Verlag Saade, Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1938,1987
  • Ernstheinrich Meyer-Stiens, Heimliche Hauptstraße, Osterholz-Scharmbeck 2000
  • Meyer-Korte/Metzing, Osterholz-Scharmbeck: Picture and Development of a City, Osterholz-Scharmbeck 1979

References[edit]

External links[edit]