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|— Frazione —|
|13th Municipio, formerly the local seat of the Governatorato di Roma|
|Elevation||5 m (16 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Postal code||00121 - 00122|
Ostia is a large neighbourhood in the XIII Municipio of the comune of Rome, Italy. Ostia (also called Ostia Lido or Lido di Roma or Lido di Ostia) is also the only municipio or district of Rome on the Tyrrhenian Sea and many Romans spend the summer holidays there. Sometimes it is confused with Ostia Antica, an archaeological area, that is nearby. With about 85,000 inhabitants, Ostia is the most populated frazione of Italy after Mestre, sometimes considered simply a part, and not a hamlet, of Venice.
The neighbourhood was founded in 1884, after the reclaiming of the nearby marshland (the pond of Ostia), which was infested by malaria. The first inhabitants were peasants coming from Ravenna, in Romagna. Thanks to the opening of the urban Roma-Ostia railway in 1924, the new village became soon the favourite sea resort of the Romans, while many Art Nouveau houses were built on the waterfront.
The new village was connected to central Rome through the new Via Ostiense, which was opened in 1907. During the Fascist period, the government massively expanded the neighbourhood, which got its ultimate architectural character thanks to many new buildings in Stile Littorio. New infrastructures, like a second road to Rome (the Via del Mare), the promenade, and a water airport were all built during this period.
After World War II, many bathing establishments were built on the sea side, and Ostia experienced a tourist boom. The new Cristoforo Colombo avenue connected Ostia with the EUR district in Rome. However, sea pollution, which became apparent during the 70's, lowered the popularity of Ostia as a sea resort.
Italian intellectual, film director and poet Pier Paolo Pasolini was assassinated near the water airport (water aerodrome) on 2nd of November, 1975.
Nowadays, due to the expansion of the city, only the Park of Castelfusano separates Ostia from the other quarters of Rome.
The regional Rome-Lido railway line, which carries over 90,000 passengers a day, connects Ostia to the center of Rome providing up to 12 rides per hour during rush-hour. The full length of the line is 28.359 km. It has 13 stops, and the total trip is about 37 minutes long. The Roman terminal is at the Roma Porta San Paolo station, very close to the Piramide stop (Rome Metro, Line B) and not too far from the station of Roma Ostiense. Rail stops in Ostia are: Ostia Antica, Ostia Lido Nord, Ostia Lido Centro, Ostia Stella Polare, Ostia Castel Fusano and Ostia Cristoforo Colombo.
Notes and references 
- Lorenzatti, Sandro (2007). Ostia. Storia Ambiente Itinerari. Rome.
See also 
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