Ostilio Ricci

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ostilio Ricci
Ostilio Ricci.gif
Ostilio Ricci (1540–1603)
Born 1540
Fermo
Died 1603 (aged 62–63)
Florence
Residence Italy
Nationality Italian
Fields Mathematician
Institutions Accademia delle Arti del Disegno
Alma mater Universita' di Brescia
Academic advisors Niccolò Tartaglia
Notable students Galileo Galilei
Lodovico Cardi

Ostilio Ricci (1540–1603) was an Italian mathematician.

Biography[edit]

He was a university professor in Florence at the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno, founded in 1560 by Giorgio Vasari. Ricci is also known for being Galileo Galilei's teacher.

Ricci was Court Mathematician to the Grand Duke Francesco in Florence, in 1580, when Galileo attended his lectures in Pisa.

Galileo was enrolled at the University of Pisa, by his father Vincenzio, in order to study medicine. Instead, Galilei became more interested in mathematics, after meeting Ostilio Ricci, a former student of Niccolò Tartaglia. Ricci taught Galileo the mathematics of Euclid and Archimedes, who both deeply influenced Galileo's later work. Ricci considered mathematics not to be a distinct science, but a practical tool for problems in mechanics and engineering. Ostilio Ricci is systematically cited in the various biographies of Galileo Galilei.

Works by Ricci[edit]

  • Ostilio Ricci, Problemi di Geometria Pratica: L'uso dell'Archimetro, Manuscript, Florence, Biblioteca Nazionale, II – 57

References[edit]

  • T. B. Settle, "Ostilio Ricci, a bridge between Alberti and Galileo", in XIIe Congrès International d'Histoire des Science, Actes, Paris, 1971, III B, pp. 121–126.
  • F. Vinci, Ostilio Ricci da Fermo, Maestro di Galileo Galilei, Fermo, 1929.
  • James Reston, Jr., Galileo: A Life, Harper Collins, 1994.
  • Albert Presas i Puig, Ostilio Ricci, the Practical Education and the Canon of Technical Knowledge at the Beginning of the Italian Renaissance, Max-Planck-Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin, 2002.
  • Osler, Margaret J. Reconfiguring the World: Nature, God, and Human Understanding from the Middle Ages to Early Modern Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 2010.

External links[edit]