Ostrobothnia (region)

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Ostrobothnia
Österbottens landskap
Pohjanmaan maakunta
Region
Coat of arms of Ostrobothnia
Coat of arms
Ostrobothnia on a map of Finland
Ostrobothnia on a map of Finland
Country Finland
Historical province Ostrobothnia
Area
 • Total 7,932.36 km2 (3,062.70 sq mi)
Population (2013)
 • Total 180,384
 • Density 23/km2 (59/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code FI-12
NUTS 195
Regional bird Common Swift (Apus apus)
Regional fish Common whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus)
Regional flower European Meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria)
Website osterbotten.fi

Ostrobothnia (Swedish: Österbotten; Finnish: Pohjanmaa) is a region of Finland. It is located in Western Finland. It borders the regions Central Ostrobothnia, Southern Ostrobothnia, and Satakunta and is one of the four modern regions making up the historical province of Ostrobothnia.

Ostrobothnia is one of the two Finnish regions with a Swedish speaking majority (the other being the constitutionally monolingual province of Åland); Swedish-speakers make up 51.2%.[1] The region contains both bilingual municipalities and ones that are exclusively Finnish or Swedish-speaking.

Geographically, Ostrobothnia has little topographical relief, because it is mostly former seafloor brought to surface by post-glacial rebound. Ostrobothnia has both vast expanses of cultivated fields (lakeus) as in Southern Ostrobothnia, and the archipelago of Kvarken (Finnish: Merenkurkku). Glacial transport has deposited large quantities of glacial erratics (rocks) in the area. Like elsewhere in Pohjanmaa, rivers are a prominent part of the landscape. The major rivers that discharge into the Gulf of Bothnia in Ostrobothnia are Kyrönjoki, Lapuanjoki and Ähtävänjoki.

The regional tree is the Black Alder (Alnus glutinosa), the regional mammal is the Common Elk (Alces alces alces), the regional stone is the Vaasa granite and the regional song is "The march of Vaasa" (Swedish: Vasamarschen, Finnish: Vaasan marssi).

In Finland Swedish circles/communities, Ostrobothnia is often referred to as "Pampas" and a person from Ostrobothnia is called a "Pampees".[2] The word derives from the similarities in the landscape with the Pampas area in southern America


Municipalities[edit]

There are 16 municipalities in Ostrobothnia region. Cities and towns are marked in bold, and the links are only in the majority language names.

Name in Finnish Name in Swedish Population[3] Swedish speakers[4] Finnish speakers[4]
Isokyrö Storkyro 4,871 0.6% 98.9%
Pietarsaari Jakobstad 19,637 56.4% 40.2%
Kaskinen Kaskö 1,374 28.1% 68.1%
Mustasaari Korsholm 19,021 70.2% 28.7%
Korsnäs Korsnäs 2,223 91.2% 3.2%
Kristiinankaupunki Kristinestad 7,077 56.6% 42.2%
Kruunupyy Kronoby 6,668 83.3% 15.6%
Laihia Laihela 8,009 1% 98.3%
Luoto Larsmo 4,927 92.5% 6.5%
Maalahti Malax 5,618 88.2% 9.1%
Närpiö Närpes 9,383 88.4% 5.8%
Uusikaarlepyy Nykarleby 7,513 89.3% 8.1%
Pedersöre Pedersöre 10,934 90.1% 9%
Vaasa Vasa 66,405 24.8% 69.8%
Vöyri Vörå 6,720 84.6% 13.6%

Former municipalities:

  • The current Vörå is the result of consolidation of Maxmo (Finnish: Maksamaa) and Oravais (Finnish: Oravainen).
  • Nykarleby (Finnish: Uusikaarlepyy) has been merged with Jeppo (Finnish: Jepua).
  • Korsholm (Finnish: Mustasaari) has been consolidated from the five municipalities of Korsholm, Solf, Replot, Björköby and Kvevlax.
  • Pedersöre has the former Finnish name Pietarsaaren maalaiskunta (see maalaiskunta).

Heraldry[edit]

An Ostrobothnian expanse.
An Ostrobothnian expanse.

The bundle is a symbol of the Royal House of Vasa; a Vasa king established the city of Vaasa, the capital of the region. The running weasels are a symbol of Ostrobothnia.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Väestö iän ja sukupuolen mukaan alueittain 31.12.2008. Tilastokeskus: demography.
  2. ^ http://urbaanisanakirja.com/word/pampees/
  3. ^ "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 31.1.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ostrobothnia at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 63°N 22°E / 63°N 22°E / 63; 22