Ostrov, Constanța

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Ostrov
Commune
Ostrov is located in Romania
Ostrov
Ostrov
Location of Ostrov, Constanţa
Coordinates: 44°5′0″N 27°21′0″E / 44.08333°N 27.35000°E / 44.08333; 27.35000Coordinates: 44°5′0″N 27°21′0″E / 44.08333°N 27.35000°E / 44.08333; 27.35000
Country  Romania
County Constanţa County
Status Commune
Component villages Ostrov, Almălău, Bugeac, Esechioi, Galiţa, Gârliţa
Government
 • Mayor Niculae Dragomir (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 171.30 km2 (66.14 sq mi)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total Decrease4,951
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariaostrov.ro/

Ostrov is a commune in Constanţa County, Romania.

Name[edit]

The name Ostrov is a word of Slavic origin and it means "island".[2] The village itself is not located on an island, but rather on the banks of the Danube across from the Păcuiul lui Soare island.

Villages[edit]

The commune includes six villages:

  • Ostrov
  • Almălău (historical name: Almaliul, Turkish: Almalı)
  • Bugeac (Turkish: Bucak)
  • Esechioi (Turkish: Eşeköy)
  • Galiţa
  • Gârliţa

Geography[edit]

Ostrov is close to the Bulgarian border, with a border crossing linking it to the Bulgarian city of Silistra.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census, Ostrov had 4,730 Romanians (95.54%), 187 Roma (3.78%), 30 Turks (0.61%), 4 others (0.08%).[1]

Păcuiul lui Soare[edit]

Artefact from Păcuiul Lui Soare
Plan of the Bulgarian fortress

Păcuiul lui Soare is the name of a fortress on an island close to Ostrov. The ruins from the beginning of 8th century belong to the "Glorious Palace" of the First Bulgarian Khans on Danube and main base of the Bulgarian Danube fleet, as researchers suppose.[3] They found many Protobulgarian marks graved in the blocks of the stone masonry of fortress that build pretty similar to the imperial capital Pliska.[4] The stone graving text from the "Holy 40 martyrs column" found in Tarnovo indicate that the Great Khan Omurtag (?-831) built, maybe over Byzantine ruins, the medieval port and palace complex.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Constanta County at the 2011 census" (in Romanian). INSSE. February 2, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ World loanwords vocabulary - ostrov, a word from Romanian, status: clearly borrowed from Slavic.
  3. ^ Juhas, Petar. Turko-Bulgarians and Magyars. 
  4. ^ Vaklinov, Stancho (1981). Proto-Bulgarian Epigraphic Monuments. Publishing House of the Fatherland Front Sofia. 
  5. ^ Beshevliev, Vesselin (1977). Formation of the Old-Bulgarian Culture. Naouka i Izkoustvo Publishing House Sofia. 

External links[edit]