Oswaldtwistle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 53°44′36″N 2°23′37″W / 53.7434°N 2.3935°W / 53.7434; -2.3935

Oswaldtwistle
Ossy
Oswaldtwistle is located in Lancashire
Oswaldtwistle
Oswaldtwistle
 Oswaldtwistle shown within Lancashire
Area  0.830119 sq mi (2.15000 km2[1]
Population 12,532 
    - Density  15,096 /sq mi (5,829 /km2)
OS grid reference SD740275
    - London  182 mi (293 km) 
District Hyndburn
Shire county Lancashire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ACCRINGTON
Postcode district BB5
Dialling code 01254
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Hyndburn
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire

Oswaldtwistle (/ˈɒzəl.twɪzəl/ "ozzel-twizzel") is a town within the Hyndburn borough of Lancashire, England.

It lies on the course of the Leeds and Liverpool Canal, 3 miles (4.8 km) east-southeast of Blackburn and is contiguous with Accrington.

History[edit]

Oswaldtwistle Library

The name is derived from "Oswald" and "Twistle". The word "twistle" is an old English word meaning "brooks meet". Legend has it that St.Oswald, King of Northumbria passed through, giving the area its full title of Oswald's Twistle, which in time came to be Oswaldtwistle. However, it is more likely derived from the name of the Anglo-Saxon who farmed the land.

The Peel family[edit]

Robert Peel was born at Peelfold (within the township) in 1723, and laid the family fortunes by innovations in calico printing . A particularly successful pattern featured a sprig of parsley and Robert became known as "Parsley Peel". The soubriquet helps distinguish him from his son also Robert Peel, who was born at Peelfold in 1750 and went on to became a sucessful cotton-mill owner (with large works at Bury and Burton on Trent), a very rich man, an MP and a Baronet. Sir Robert's son (Parsley Peel's grandson), born at Bury was yet another Robert Peel and in due course Sir Robert Peel; he was a full-time politician and rose to be Prime Minister. Another historical figure associated with the textile industry was James Hargreaves, inventor of the Spinning Jenny.

Power-loom riots[edit]

Main article: Power-loom riots

The people of Oswaldtwistle were involved in the power-loom riots of 1826. The mechanisation of the textile industry (with the introduction of looms powered by steam engines from the 1820s onwards) resulted in redundancies, low wages, and starvation. On 26 April a large number of angry cotton workers attacked the White Ash factory in Oswaldtwistle, about a mile from Hargreaves' workshop, destroying looms and other equipment. The riots went on for three days, extending to all cotton towns in central Lancashire.

Landmarks[edit]

Oswaldtwistle Moor[edit]

Oswaldtwistle Moor

Oswaldtwistle Moor (adjacent to Haslingden Moor) is an extensive area of moorland to the south of Oswaldtwistle, with Haslingden Grane bordering the moor's southern edges, Belthorn to the west and Haslingden to the east. The area forms part of the West Pennine Moors. Plans were made in 2007 to build a wind farm consisting of twelve wind turbines on the moors. This attracted both support and opposition, but the plan was approved by councillors in 2010.[2] Further developments have yet to take place, and the plan remains controversial.

Oswaldtwistle Mills[edit]

Oswaldtwistle Mills is a notable attraction; a textile mill converted into a craft fair and with an exhibition about life in the mill a hundred years ago. It is also home of the world's largest pear drop, made by Stockley's Sweets.

Civic Theatre[edit]

Rhyddings Park

Also of note is the 474 capacity, recently refurbished, Civic Theatre, known as the "Friendly Theatre" and the brand new Civic Arts Centre. Past performers at the Civic Theatre include: Ken Dodd, Rick Wakeman, Steve Harley, The Houghton Weavers, Marty Wilde & Derek Acorah.[3]

The ground floor has recently been refurbished, and in August 2010, it opened as the Civic Arts Centre.

The first production performed at the Arts Centre was Romeo and Juliet, directed by young producer, Joanne Haworth. Since then, there have been many productions, including Roald Dahl Witches, directed Sophie Fitzpatrick, a local director. There are workshops, and drama sessions most evenings, plus projects and new plays, being written, and performed, with at least four plays in production, at any one time. The Centre is now home to a number of theatre groups, including ReAct Academy, Dramatic Annie, Sparks, Oswaldtwistle Players and St Mary's Panto.

The Civic Arts Centre is involved in local heritage projects, and organises outdoor festivals. Civic Arts Centre

Rhyddings Park[edit]

Rhyddings Park is the only formal park within Oswaldtwistle. It was originally the grounds of a private house belonging to a local mill owning family. It has been a public park since 1909. More information about Rhyddings Park can be found on the website of its active community group,[4] Map location of Rhyddings Park

Notable people[edit]

The former Oswaldtwistle fire station being pulled down, November 2008


Twinned town[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]