Oswego Canal

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The Oswego River

The Oswego Canal is a canal in the New York State Canal System located in New York, United States. Opened in 1828, it is 23.7 miles (38.1 km) in length, and connects the Erie Canal at Three Rivers (near Liverpool) to Lake Ontario at Oswego. The canal has a depth of 14 ft (4.2 m), with seven locks spanning the 118 ft (36 m) change in elevation.

The modern canal essentially follows the route of the Oswego River, canalized with locks & dams. Three locks, with a total lift of 45.6 feet (13.9m) take boats over what had been a steep rapids at the city of Oswego. This is the only route from the Atlantic/Hudson River system to Lake Ontario fully within the US.


The following list of locks are provided for the current canal, from upstream (south) to downstream (north):

Note: There is no Lock 4 on the canal.

Lock # Location Lift Distance to Next Lock

(upstream / west)

1 Phoenix 10.2 feet (3.1 m) 10 miles (16 km)
2 Fulton 17.8 feet (5.4 m) .5 miles (.8 km)
3 Fulton 27 feet (8.2 m) 6 miles (9.6 km)
5 Minetto 18 feet (5.5 m) 3.5 miles (5.6 km)
6 Oswego 20 feet (6.1 m) .5 miles (.8 km)
7 Oswego 14.5 feet (4.4 m) .5 miles (.8 km)
8 Oswego 11.1 feet (3.4 m) N/A


  • Recreational Chart 14786 New York State Barge Canal System, 12th Edition, Washington, D.C., U.S. Department of Commerce, May 23, 1998.
  • Janet Larkin, "The Oswego Canal : A Connecting Link Between the United States and Canada, 1819-1837," Ontario History, CIII (Spring 2011), 23-41.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°21′12″N 76°25′45″W / 43.35333°N 76.42917°W / 43.35333; -76.42917