Otar Ioseliani in 2010
2 February 1934 |
Tbilisi, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic
|Years active||1958 - 2011|
Otar Iosseliani (Georgian: ოთარ იოსელიანი, born 2 February 1934) is a Georgian-French film maker. He was born in the Georgian capital city of Tbilisi, where he studied at the Tbilisi State Conservatoire and graduated in 1952 with a diploma in composition, conducting and piano.
In 1953 he went to Moscow to study at the faculty of mathematics, but in two years he quit and entered the State Film Institute (VGIK) where his teachers were Alexander Dovzhenko and Mikhail Chiaureli. While still a student, he began working at the Gruziafilm studios in Tbilisi, first as an assistant director and then as an editor of documentaries.
In 1958 he directed his first short film Akvarel. In 1961 he graduated from VGIK with a diploma in film direction. When his medium-length film Aprili (1961) was denied theatrical distribution, Iosseliani abandoned filmmaking and in 1963–1965 worked first as a sailor on a fishing boat and then at the Rustavi metallurgical factory. Aprili was finally released only in 1972.
In 1966 he directed his first feature film Giorgobistve that was presented at the Critics' Week at the 1968 Cannes Film Festival and won a FIPRESCI award there. When his 1976 film Pastorali was shelved for a few years and then granted only a limited distribution, Iosseliani grew sceptical about getting any artistic freedom in his homeland. Following Pastorali's success at the 1982 Berlin Film Festival, the director moved to France where in 1984 he made Les Favoris de la Lune. The film was distinguished with a Special Jury Prize at the Venice Film Festival. Since then Venice became a showcase for all his subsequent films.
In 1989 he again received a Special Jury Prize for Et la Lumiere Fut and in 1992 the Pasinetti Award for Best Direction for La Chasse aux Papillons. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union he continued to work in France where he made the documentary Seule Georgie (1994) which was followed by the sardonic and allegorical Brigands - Chapitre VII (1996).
Iosseliani holds political views that are considered as Russophobia by some observers: "200 Years of Contempt and Hatred" (in Russian) by Argumenty i Fakty, 29 June 2009. In particular, in the after-match of 2008 Russo-Georgian war he expressed his political views in the interview to Ukrainian Weekly 2000 news agency:
We (Georgians) will never be in peace with Russia again. Previously we felt contempt to it, but now what we feel is hatred -- and this is very serious. So, go live with your Russians the way you want to. [...] But there will be no way back! (for Georgians) Two hundred years of patience and contempt are over now! (Georgia has been a part of the Russian Empire from 1801 and later part of USSR till 1991)—Interview to A. Rutkovsky, «Before and after Ioseliani» (in Russian) 
- Akvarel (1958) (TV)
- Sapovnela (1959)
- April (1961) / Ap'rili
- Tudzhi (1964)
- Falling Leaves, (1966) / Giorgobistve
- Georgian Ancient Songs (1969) / Dzveli qartuli simgera
- There Once was a Singing Blackbird (1970) Iqo shashvi mgalobeli
- Pastorale (1975) / Past'orali
- Lettre d'un cinéaste (1982) (TV)
- Sept pièces pour cinéma noir et blanc (1983)
- Euzkadi été 1982 (1983) (TV)
- Favorites of the Moon (1984) / Les Favoris de la lune
- Un petit monastère en Toscane (1988)
- And Then There Was Light (1989) / Et la lumière fut
- Chasing Butterflies, aka Hunting Butterflies, aka The Butterfly Hunt (1992) / La Chasse aux papillons
- Seule, Georgie (1994)
- Brigands-Chapter VII (1996) / Brigands, chapitre VII
- Farewell, Home Sweet Home (1999) / Adieu, plancher des vaches!
- Monday Morning (2002) / Lundi matin
- Gardens in Autumn (2006) / Jardins en automne
- Chantrapas (2010)
- "Berlinale: 1986 Juries". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2011-01-14.
- "19th Moscow International Film Festival (1995)". MIFF. Retrieved 2013-03-16.
- "Gerogia elige "Chantrapas" para los Oscar". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Also verified with Georgian National Film Centre
- "9 Foreign Language Films Vie for Oscar". Retrieved 2012-01-19.