Othón P. Blanco, Quintana Roo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Othón P. Blanco
Municipality
Boulevard de Bahia, Chetumal
Boulevard de Bahia, Chetumal
Official logo of Othón P. Blanco
Emblem
Location of Othón P. Blanco in Quintana Roo
Location of Othón P. Blanco in Quintana Roo
Othón P. Blanco is located in Mexico
Othón P. Blanco
Othón P. Blanco
Location within Mexico
Coordinates: 18°30′N 88°18′W / 18.500°N 88.300°W / 18.500; -88.300Coordinates: 18°30′N 88°18′W / 18.500°N 88.300°W / 18.500; -88.300
Country Mexico
State Quintana Roo
Founded 5 May 1898
Named for Othón P. Blanco Núñez de Cáceres
Municipal seat Chetumal
Government
 • Municipal President[1] Andrés Ruiz Morcillo
Area
 • Municipality 10,028.65 km2 (3,872.08 sq mi)
  [2]
Elevation 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Municipality 244,553
 • Density 24/km2 (63/sq mi)
 • Urban 182,178
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
INEGI Code 23004
Website www.opb.gob.mx

Othón P. Blanco is one of the ten subdivisions (municipios) of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It had a 2010 census population of 244,553 persons. Its municipal seat is the city of Chetumal, which also serves as the state capital. The municipality is named after Othón P. Blanco Núñez de Cáceres.

The municipal government is headed by the municipal president of Othón P. Blanco (mayor of Othón P. Blanco, aka mayor of Chetumal).

It used to be the fifth-largest municipality in land area in Mexico, at 17,189.7 square kilometres (6,637.0 sq mi),[2] occupying more than a third of the entire state.[4] But on February 2, 2011, it lost about 40% of its territory when Bacalar Municipality was created out of Othón P. Blanco.

Communities[edit]

The 2010 census enumerated 727 populated localities plus 804 unpopulated localities. The largest localities (cities, towns, and villages) are listed below.[3] In early 2011, however, the municipality was split into two parts, with many of the localities now comprising part of the newly created Bacalar Municipality. A full list of those departing localities was not immediately available.

Name Population
(2010 Census)
Chetumal
151,243
Bacalar [to Bacalar Municipality in 2011]
11,048
Calderitas
5,326
Nicolás Bravo
4,011
Javier Rojo Gómez
2,911
Álvaro Obregón
2,869
Limones [to Bacalar Municipality in 2011]
2,535
Sergio Butrón Casas
2,235
Cacao
2,056
Xul-Ha
2,037
Maya Balam [to Bacalar Municipality in 2011]
2,018
Subteniente López
1,915
Pucté
1,861
Carlos A. Madrazo
1,825
Huay-Pix
1,649
Total Municipality 244,553

Other communities:

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1995 202,046 —    
2000 208,164 +0.60%
2005 219,763 +1.09%
2010 244,553 +2.16%
Census numbers up to 2010 include population of Bacalar Municipality.
Source: INEGI Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía[5]

Archeological sites[edit]

  • Dzibanché
  • Kohunlich
  • Oxtankah
  • Chakanbakán
  • Kinichna
  • Ichkabal
  • Zamora

Ecosystems[edit]

The vegetation found in the municipality of Othon P. Blanco is mostly of medium forest, spanning most of the interior of the municipality and there are more representative plant species are the sapodilla, the ramon, the guayabillo and Chaco, more isolated areas within the municipality is populated by high forest, where you can find the siricote, the palo de tinte and mahogany, to the southwest of the town are engaged in areas of rainfed agriculture and irrigation, the main crop of sugarcane, along with the Caribbean coast can be traced mainly mangroves.[6]

The fauna is rich and varied, among the main species is the manatee, marine mammal that lives in bays and lagoons lictors and has become a symbol of the region, and one can find species such as agouti, wild boar, white-tailed deer, otters, turtles and birds.

For the protection of animal and plant species in Othon P. Blanco there are three zones of ecological reserve, the area of Protection of Flora and Fauna Uaymil located on the northeast coast of the territory, near Mahahual, and the Manatee Sanctuary in the Bay of Chetumal and the Biosphere Reserve Banco Chinchorro.

Tourism[edit]

Located on the coast, the eco resort of Kabah-na offers only four cabins in a hexagon shape to circulate the air and thatched roofs which keep the interior temperature cool. A complex system of solar panels provides energy 24 hours a day as well as hot water. The resort offers restaurant, beach bar, outdoor showers, hammocks, beach volleyball, canoes, snorkeling equipment and more.[7]

At Laguna de Bacalar is Rancho Encantado which is located on the edge of a lagoon. It consists of twelve cabins palm-thatched roofs, handmade furniture and decorated with Mexican accents. The cabins are surrounded by tropical gardens in which live more than 150 species of birds among the tropical fruit orchards.[8]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ayuntamiento de Othon P. Blanco Official website (In Spanish)
  2. ^ a b The largest and smallest municipalities in land area Instituto Nacional Para el Federalismo y el Desarrollo Municipal
  3. ^ a b 2010 census tables: INEGI
  4. ^ Othón P. Blanco, Ubicación Geográfica
  5. ^ INEGI. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. Censo de Población y Vivienda 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010.
  6. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. "Quintana Roo. Mapa de Agricultura y Vegetación". 
  7. ^ "Kabah-na". Mexico Desconocido (in Spanish) (Mexico City: Grupo Editorial Impresiones Aéreas) 394: 33. December 2009. ISSN 1870-9397. 
  8. ^ "Rancho Encantado". Mexico Desconocido (in Spanish) (Mexico City: Grupo Editorial Impresiones Aéreas) 394: 33. December 2009. ISSN 1870-9397.