|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. (April 2010)|
June 20, 1875|
|Died||July 4, 1946
|Notable awards||Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal (1920)|
Othenio Abel (b. Vienna, June 20, 1875--d. Mondsee, Upper Austria, July 4, 1946) was an Austrian paleontologist and evolutionary biologist. Together with Louis Dollo, he was the founder of paleobiology and studied the life and environment of fossilized organisms. From 1917-1934 he was a university professor in Vienna and later headed the Institute of Paleontology at the University of Göttingen. He also explored the Drachenhöhle cave at Mixnitz.
Abel earned a PhD, after studying both law and science, from the University of Vienna. He remained there as an assistant to Alpine geologist Eduard Suess, before being appointed a professor of paleontology.
In 1914, Abel proposed that fossil dwarf elephants inspired the myth of giant cyclopses, because the center nasal opening was thought to be a cyclopic eye socket. In 1920 he was awarded the Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal from the National Academy of Sciences.
- Einige Monstrositäten bei Orchideenblüthen (1897)
- Ueber einige Ophrydeen (1898)
- Fossile Flugfische (1906)
- Die Morphologie der Hüftbeinrudimente der Cetaceen (1907)
- Paläobiologie der Cephalopoden aus der Gruppe der Dibranchiaten (1916)
- Baumgartel, Hans. "Abel, Othenio." in Dictionary of Scientific Biography. (1970). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. Vol. 1: p.17-18.
- "Abel, Othenio." in Taxonomic Literature II Online. (n.d.). Smithsonian Institution Libraries.
- Othenio Abel in the Aeiou Encyclopedia (German)
- Adrienne Mayor, The First Fossil Hunters: Paleontology in Greek and Roman Times (Princeton University Press) 2000.
- "Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
- Peter J. Bowler. (1996). Life's Splendid Drama: Evolutionary Biology and the Reconstruction of Life's Ancestry, 1860-1940. University Of Chicago Press. p. 358. ISBN 978-0226069210
|This article about a paleontologist is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about an Austrian scientist is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|