Grantwood, New Jersey

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Grantwood, New Jersey
Unincorporated community
Grantwood, New Jersey is located in Bergen County, New Jersey
Grantwood, New Jersey
Grantwood, New Jersey
Location of Grantwood in Bergen County in New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°49′36″N 73°59′13″W / 40.82667°N 73.98694°W / 40.82667; -73.98694Coordinates: 40°49′36″N 73°59′13″W / 40.82667°N 73.98694°W / 40.82667; -73.98694
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Bergen
Elevation[1] 269 ft (82 m)
Area code(s) 201
GNIS feature ID 876712[1]

Grantwood is an area in eastern Bergen County, New Jersey, U.S. straddling the towns of Cliffside Park and Ridgefield, just south of Fort Lee. It was so dubbed in the beginning of the 20th century and takes its name from it location on the Hudson Palisades across the Hudson River from Grant's Tomb (40°48′48″N 73°57′47″W / 40.813333°N 73.963056°W / 40.813333; -73.963056) in Manhattan, New York City which was reached by 130th Street Ferry at Edgewater.[2][3][4]

Artists' colony[edit]

Grantwood was an artist's colony established in 1913 by Man Ray and Samuel Halpert and became the artistic center for a collective known as the "Others" group of artists.[5][6][7] The colony consisted of a number of clapboard shacks on a bluff. Some names of the streets in this part of Ridgefield Heights — Sketch Place, Studio Road and Art Lane — pay homage to Grantwood's history.[8] In 1915, Alfred Kreymborg launched Others: A Magazine of the New Verse with Skipwith Cannell, Wallace Stevens, and William Carlos Williams. Along with works of the founders it published work of Maxwell Bodenheim, Mina Loy, Marianne Moore, Ezra Pound, Carl Sandburg, among others.[9][10]

Motion picture industry[edit]

Movie studio-lab opened in 1915

The history of cinema in the United States can trace its roots to the East Coast where, at one time, Fort Lee, just north of Grantwood, was the motion picture capital of America.[11][12][13]

The E.K.Lincoln Studio was built in 1915 in Grantwood on Bergen Boulevard[14] and was owned and operated by E.K. Lincoln, who was both an actor and movie maker. Many in the early film world worked out of this studio and used various spots in the area for location work.[15] The first production was The Fighting Chance in which Lincoln starred alongside Violet Horner[16] (who also starred in The Girl from Alaska). Between 1916 and 1917, the studio was rented by Fox Film.[17] In 1920 the United States Photoplay Corporation used it for the film Determination. In 1923, Peter Jones produced the film How High Is Up?. [18][19] According to Film Daily (June 1926), the first episode of The Leather Pushers (1922) with Reginald Denny was filmed there. After World War I many movie makers, including Lincoln, headed out to Hollywood where the climate enable them to film outdoors all year round. After talkies came into being in 1927, the studio continued to be used to make Italian and Polish language films. By the end of the Depression, the studio was no longer for film production. The building burnt down the 1960s.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Grantwood". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  2. ^ Gargiulo, Vince. Palisades Amusement Park: A Century of Fond Memories, p. 8. Lulu.com, 2006. ISBN 1-4116-6188-5. "Knox was a real-estate developer, widely known around the area, who had named a section of Cliffside Park 'Grantwood' because of its location directly across the Hudson River from Grant's Tomb."
  3. ^ Staff. "North Jersey Development: Bergen County's 27 Per Cent. Growth in Population Since 1900.", The New York Times, May 24, 1908. Accessed February 16, 2015.
  4. ^ http://mapmaker.rutgers.edu/356/nj_place_names_origin.pdf
  5. ^ "Creativity in the Palisades: the Art Colony of Ridgefield". Hidden New Jersey. August 22, 2013. Retrieved 2015-03-03. 
  6. ^ Conte, Joseph (Fall 2003). "The New York Avant-Garde, 1913-1929". www.acsu.buffalo.edu. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  7. ^ Van Gelder, Lawrence. "ARTS BRIEFING", The New York Times, February 12, 2003 | accessdate = 2015-02-21.
  8. ^ a b Pollock, Diane M. "History of the Borough of Ridgefield". Borough of Ridgefield. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  9. ^ Churchill, Suzanne W. (2011). ""An Introduction to OTHERS: A MAGAZINE of the NEW VERSE."". The Modernist Journals Project of Brown University and the University of Tulsa. Retrieved 2015-02-21. 
  10. ^ Stavitsky, Gail. AFTERWORD: "Artists and Art Colonies of Ridgefield, New Jersey", Traditional Fine Arts Organization. .
  11. ^ Koszarski, Richard (2004), Fort Lee: The Film Town, Rome, Italy: John Libbey Publishing -CIC srl, ISBN 0-86196-653-8 
  12. ^ Fort Lee Film Commission
  13. ^ Rose, Lisa (April 29, 2012). "100 years ago, Fort Lee was the first town to bask in movie magic". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved 2015-03-03. 
  14. ^ "E. K. Lincoln Movie Studio". Wikimapia. Retrieved 2015-03-03. 
  15. ^ Koszarski, Richard (2004). Fort Lee: The Film Town. Rome, Italy: John Libbey Publishing -CIC srl. p. 99. Retrieved 2015-02-22. 
  16. ^ Fighting Chance. Motion Picture World. 1915. p. 1618. Retrieved 2015-02-28. 
  17. ^ Koszarski, Richard (2004). Fort Lee: The Film Town. Rome, Italy: John Libbey Publishing -CIC srl. p. 94. ISBN 0-86196-653-8. 
  18. ^ Koszarski, Richard. Fort Lee: The Film Town . John Libbey, 2004. p. 99.
  19. ^ Moving Picture World , June 19, 1915, p. 1922.